There are various goat breeds available throughout the world. Some of those goat breeds are suitable for meat production, some are popular as dairy goats. Some goats produce high quality skins and some goats are raised for their fiber/mohair production. Some people also prefer raising goats as pets. There are more than 300 goat breeds available throughout the world. This goat breeds are different from one to another by their size, shape, characteristics and production type. Generally goats are raised for milk, meat, skin and hair/mohair production. For specific production purpose, you have to chose specific goat breeds. Not all goats are suitable for all types of production purpose. And in case of commercial goat farming, you must have to chose best breeds for your business. Goat breeds are classified in different groups according to their production.
- Dairy Goat Breeds: This type of goats are famous for their milk production. Saanen, Toggenburg, Barbari, Jamunapari etc. are highly milk productive goat breeds. Some dairy goats also suitable for meat production.
- Meat Goat Breeds: This type of goats become highly meat productive. Some goats produce good quality meat. Boer, Mato, Black Bengal etc. are some highly meat productive goat breeds.
- Kids Productive Goat Breeds: This type of goats produce numerous baby goats per kidding. Black Bengal, Katjang etc. are highly baby productive goat breeds.
- Skin Productive Goat Breeds: This type of goats produce high quality skin. And their skin is very popular and valuable in the international market. Black Bengal, Maradi etc. are some good quality skin productive goat breeds.
Breed name, production purpose and origin of some popular goat breeds are listed in the following chart.
|African Pygmy||Milk, Meat, Pet||Cameroon|
|Altai Mountain||Fiber||Altai Republic|
|Anglo Nubian||Milk, Fiber||United Kingdom|
|Arapawa||Meat, Milk||New Zealand|
|Beetal||Meat, Milk||Punjab Region|
|Black Bengal||Meat, Skin, Reproduction||Bangladesh|
|Boer||Meat, Reproduction||South Africa|
|British Alpine||Milk||United Kingdom|
|Chamois Colored||Meat, Milk||Switzerland|
|Dera Din Panah||Milk||Pakistan|
|Don||Milk, Skin, Fiber||Russia|
|Fainting||Meat, Pet||United States|
|Golden Guernsey||Milk||United Kingdom|
|Jining Grey||Fiber, Skin||China|
|Kalahari Red||Meat||South Africa|
|Kinder||Meat, Milk||United States|
|Lamancha||Meat, Milk||United States|
|Mini Oberhasli||Milk||United States|
|Nigerian Dwarf||Milk||West Africa|
|Nigora||Milk, Fiber||United States|
|Pygmy||Meat, Milk, Pet||Cameroon|
|Sahelian||Meat, Milk, Skin||West Africa|
|San Clemente Island||San Clemente Island|
|Somali||Meat, Milk, Skin||Somali|
|Valais Blackneck||Meat, Milk||Switzerland|
|West African Dwarf||Meat, Milk||West and Central Africa|
|White Shorthaired||Milk||Czech Republic|
|Zalawadi||Meat, Milk, Fiber||India|