Saanen Goat: Characteristics, Feeding, Breeding

The Saanen goat originated from Saanen Valley of Switzerland. They are the largest among all the dairy goat breeds. They are mainly raised for commercial milk production like jamunapari and alpine goat.

A female Saanen goat produces about 3.8 liters milk daily. Nowadays, Saanen goats are being raised throughout the world.

In United States this breed is one of the best and preferred dairy goat mainly for their consistency in producing large amounts of milk in accordance with their sturdiness, easy keepability and ability to tolerate environmental changes.

The main benefits of raising Saanen goat is that, their care and management is very easy (even a child can take care of them) and they produces milk highly.

Saanen Goat Full Information

Characteristics, feeding, breeding, housing and care of Saanen goat are described below.

Physical Characteristics

Mainly Saanen goats are of white colored. But sometimes biscuit colored goats can also be seen.There may have some black spots in the nose, ears and udder of this goat. The ears are straight to upwards.

Generally they have no horns, but some goats have horns. They have small sized legs and udder is of very big size. They have long sized neck. Their whole body is covered with small sized hair.

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Photo: Serendipity Dairy Goats

The produces milk highly among all the dairy goat breeds. They can adopt themselves with the weather of any region of the world. They love to stay under shade and can’t tolerate sunlight highly.

An adult male Saanen goat weights about 70-90 kg and an adult female goat weights about 60-70 kg. On an average a female goat produces about 3.8 liters milk daily. Their milk contain about 3.5% fat. And this milk is very suitable for preparing all types of dairy or milk products.


As Saanen goats are highly milk productive so, they need some extra protein and energy with their regular feed. Along with fresh and good food always provide them fresh and clean water regularly. See what to feed goats. Remember, feeding these goats is very important for getting good production.


Saanen goats typically breed every year. And each time produce one or a pair of kids. Take extra care of breeding bucks and pregnant does.

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Housing is very important for Saanen goats. Because they love to stay in shady place and can’t tolerate heavy sunlight. A good house also protects them from all types of predators, adverse conditions and all types of diseases.

Saanen Goat Care

It is very easy to raise Saanen goat. They don’t need any special and extra care. You can raise them with your other animal easily. Even a child can raise and take care of them easily. But taking some extra care and management will increase their health and production.

  • Always feed your goat fresh and good quality food which has proper nutrition value and enriched with all necessary feed ingredients.
  • Milking process of your goat should done twice a day.
  • Try to make a fence around your farm area and always keep the goats inside the farm.
  • Ensure sufficient supply of fresh air and light inside their house.
  • Clean the house and used equipment of goat regularly.
  • Always keep the house dry.
  • Keep the male goats separated from the female.
  • Take some extra care of the pregnant goats, breeding bucks and kids.
  • Provide them sufficient fresh and clean water.
  • If needed call a veterinarian as soon as possible.
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Review full breed profile of the Saanen goat in the following table.

Breed NameSaanen
Other NameNone
Breed PurposeMilk
Breed SizeMedium to Large
BuckAbout 70-90 kg
DoeAbout 60-70 kg
Climate ToleranceAll Climates
Coat ColorWhite
Good for Stall FedYes
Country/Place of OriginSwitzerland

Frequently Asked Questions

People ask many questions about Saanen goats. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about this dairy goat breed, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

Is Saanen goat farming profitable?

Yes, raising Saanen goats is definitely a profitable business. But you have to ensure availability of enough green feeds and good marketing facilities.

How much milk does a Saanen goat produce?

Generally, a Saanen goat can produce up to 3 liters of milk daily. And between 700 and 900 liters of milk in a lactation period of 280-300 days.

Which goat is known as queen of milk?

Saanen goat is called the queen of milk. Generally, a Saanen doe can produce up to 3 liters of milk daily.

What are Saanen goats used for?

Saanen is a dairy goat breed and it is used mainly for milk production purpose. These goats are known for their hardiness, high milk production, and also for their calm and sweet nature.

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How big is a Saanen goat?

The Saanen doe can reach around or up to 70 kg body weight, and a buck can reach around or up to 90 kg live body weight.

Which goat gives highest milk?

Saanen does gives highest milk.

Are Saanen goats loud?

No, Saanens are not loud. They are extremely quiet.

How old do Saanen goats live?

Average lifespan of a Saanen goat is around or up to 10 years, or even more.

Are Saanen goats good for meat?

The Saanen goats are very good and used for milk production. And they are often used for meat production in some areas.

Is Saanen a pure breed?

Yes, Saanen is a purebred goat breed.

Do Saanen goats have horns?

Yes, some of the Saanens have horns.

How many kids do Saanen goats have per kidding?

Generally, a Saanen doe produce one or two kids per kidding.

What do Saanen goats eat?

Saanens are just like many other domestic goat breeds and they eat everything what other goat breeds eat. But as it is a dairy goat breed, so try to provide them with enough green feeds.

Are Saanen goats small?

No, Saanens are considered as a medium to large goat.

What are the main characteristics of Saanen goats?

The Saanen is a typical dairy-type animal, it has a dished or straight facial line and a wedge-shaped body. Saanens are of medium height when compared with the other Alpine breeds in Australia. Does weigh at least 64 kg.

1 thought on “Saanen Goat: Characteristics, Feeding, Breeding”

  1. i m interested to buy saanen goats. how can i buy it abroad and import to Pakistan. what will be the cast after reaching to Pakistan

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