The Damascus goat is a breed of domestic goat generally used for milk production. It originated in Middle East countries, and was mainly raised in Cyprus, Lebanon and Syria. The breed is also known by some other names such as Aleppo, Baladi, Chami, Damascene, Halep and Shami.
The Damascus is a native goat breed of the Middle East, and it has been raised in big herds throughout the region. And the breed was imported by Antoniades family and then by the British into Cyprus, where its qualities were improved by breeding.exported by the British at some time in the nineteenth Century.
They were taken to Cyprus, where they were then bred and raised in large numbers. And during this time the breed acquired the name ‘Damascus‘. Damascus was mentioned in many classics of Arabic literature. In fact, the breed appears in the religions and folklore of the region as well.
A Damascus goat named Qahr won the first prize for the “Most Beautiful Goat” title at the Mazayen al-Maaz competition in Riyadh on June 13, 2008. Some people call Damascus the ‘bulldog‘ of goats, mainly due to its appearance. It is a multi-purpose breed and used for meat, milk and hide. Here we are trying to describe more information about this goat breed.
History and Origin
The Damascus goat has a long and glorious history. Its origin can be traced back to the Middle East, where it is believed to have been bred for thousands of years. It originated in the regions of Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Israel, and was traditionally raised by nomadic tribes in these areas.
The breed was bred for its ability to thrive in arid and semi-arid environments. It was able to survive on sparse vegetation and limited water sources in its native area. As a result, the breed has developed a number of unique physical adaptation traits that allow it to survive in harsh conditions.
The Damascus goat is a beautiful breed of domestic goat that is known for its distinctive physical characteristics. It is large in size and is of the Nubian goat type. These goats are usually red or brown in color, but can also be seen in pied or grey color. They are usually long haired, and they can be either horned or polled.
Fully grown goats have a long neck and long legs. Their head is relatively small. Like most other goats, the Damascus bucks are usually larger and heavier than the does. The bucks on average weight about 70-90 kg. And the average weight of the does is about 50-60kg.
Damascus goats have some specific housing/shelter needs depending on the local climate and environment. You can provide a safe and comfortable living environment for your goats, by providing adequate space, shelter, flooring, feeding and watering stations, fencing, and sanitation.
Generally, these goats require at least 10-15 square feet of housing space per animal in their living area, and 20-30 square feet space in the playing area.
The type of shelter used for Damascus goats depends on the local climate and some other factors. A simple shade shelter may be sufficient in hot and dry climates. But in case of colder climates, a more secure and substantial structure with walls and a roof is required to protect the animals from wind, rain, and snow. Ensure that the shelter is well-ventilated and free from drafts.
The flooring system should be sturdy, non-slip, and easy to clean. Concrete, gravel, or packed earth are all good options. Avoid flooring materials that can trap moisture or harbor bacteria (such as untreated wood or soil).
Making secure and sturdy fencing is an important consideration, as these goats are known for their ability to climb and jump. A height of at least 4-5 feet is recommended, with additional precautions (such as electric fencing or wire mesh to prevent escape).
Clean their house on a regular basis in order to prevent the spread of disease and parasites. Remove and replace the bedding regularly, and clean the flooring and walls with a disinfectant solution to kill any harmful bacteria or viruses.
Like most other goat breeds, the Damascus goats also require very good quality and nutritious food for keeping them healthy, active and productive. These goats are very good for producing milk. So, try to add adequate greens in their diet for good milk production. And always provide them with clean and fresh water as per their demand.
Roughage is an essential component of their diet. Roughage provides required fiber for good digestion. Good sources of roughage for these goats include hay, straw, and pasture grasses.
Concentrates are required for the good health of your goats. Supplements that provide additional nutrition to the goat’s diet, include protein, vitamins, and minerals. And good sources of concentrates include grain, soybean meal, and commercial goat feed.
Mineral supplements are also very important for the goats to maintain good health. Mineral supplements provide essential nutrients that may be lacking in their diet. Good sources of minerals for Damascus goats include salt, calcium, and phosphorus. Provide mineral supplements in a separate feeder, as goats have a tendency to waste or soil their mineral supplements.
Along with feeding hay, supplements and concentrates, Damascus goats also require access to pasture or forage in order to meet their nutritional needs. Rotate the pasture regularly to prevent overgrazing, and forage should be free from toxic plants or weeds.
These goats are naturally very good breeders. Natural breeding is generally practiced for these goats. One buck is generally enough for breeding up to 30 does. The breeding season typically runs from August to December (with the peak breeding season occurring in September and October). During this time, female goats will come into estrus and be receptive to breeding.
Once a female goat has been successfully bred, she will carry her pregnancy for five months (approximately 150 days). Closely monitor the doe during this time to ensure that she is receiving proper nutrition and veterinary care.
Along with its distinctive appearance, the Damascus goat is also known for its distinctive behavior and temperament traits. They are naturally docile, calm and cooperative. And they are well-suited for various agricultural practices.
Average lifespan of a Damascus goat is around or up to 12 years. Although, exact lifespan can vary and depends on numerous factors.
Damascus is a dairy goat breed and mainly used for milk production. But they are valued not only for milk, but also for meat. They are highly meat productive.
The Damascus goat is described as being noble, and having striking characteristics. They are very beautiful and used in the creation of many other popular goat breeds. The does can give birth to three to four kids per kidding, if given the proper care.
The does are pretty good milk producers. On an average the does can produce up to 1.5 kg milk daily. The milk of the Damascus goat is noted for being extremely easy to digest for anyone who may have issues digesting more normal dairy products.
They are usually of good behavior and have a relatively calm temperament. Review the full breed profile of the Damascus goat in the following chart.
|The breed is also known as Aleppo, Baladi, Chami, Damascene, Halep or Shami.
|About 70-90 kg
|About 50-60 kg
|Can be either horned or polled
|Usually red or brown in color, but can also be seen in pied or grey.
|Good for Stall Fed
|Country/Place of Origin
Some Interesting Facts About Damascus Goats
Here we are trying to summarize some interesting facts about Damascus goats:
- Damascus goats are also known as Shami goats and are believed to have originated in Syria.
- They are known for their high milk production, which can range from 3 to 5 liters per day.
- The breed is also known for its meat, which is considered a delicacy in many parts of the world.
- These goats are well adapted to hot and dry climates, which makes them a popular breed in many regions.
- The breed is characterized by its distinctive convex face and long, drooping ears.
- They have a docile and friendly temperament, which makes them easy to handle and raise.
- The breed has a high reproductive rate, with females often producing twins or triplets.
- They are also known for their hardiness and ability to thrive in harsh environments.
- The breed has been used in crossbreeding programs to improve the performance and adaptability of other breeds.
- These goats have a rich history and are considered an important cultural symbol in many countries.
Hope this detailed article about Damascus goat has helped you! Good luck and many God bless you!
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
There are lots of questions and queries related to Damascus goats. Here we are trying to list the common questions and queries about this beautiful goat breed and trying to answer them. Hope you will find answers of your questions or queries. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.
What are Damascus goats?
Damascus goats are a breed of domesticated goats that are native to the Middle East. They are also known as Shami goats, Aleppo goats, or Chami goats.
What do Damascus goats look like?
These goats have a distinctive appearance, with long, floppy ears and a convex (or “Roman”) nose. They have a short, shiny coat that can be white, black, or a mix of the two.
What are Damascus goats used for?
They are primarily used for their milk production. They are known for their high-quality meat, which is lean, tender, and flavorful.
How big do Damascus goats get?
Damascus goats are medium-sized goats, with adult males weighing between 70-110 kg (154-242 pounds) and adult females weighing between 50-80 kg (110-176 pounds).
Are Damascus goats good for meat?
Yes, they are highly prized for their meat, which is considered to be some of the best-tasting goat meat in the world. It is lean, tender, and flavorful, and is often used in Middle Eastern and Mediterranean cuisine.
Are Damascus goats good for milk?
Yes, they are very good for producing milk. They are well-known for their rich, creamy milk, which is high in butterfat and protein.
How do you care for Damascus goats?
These goats require a diet of good-quality hay, pasture, and fresh water, as well as a balanced feed supplement. They also need regular vaccinations and deworming to stay healthy.
Where can I buy Damascus goats?
Damascus goats are mainly found in the Middle East, but they can also be found in other parts of the world, including the United States. You can find them for sale through livestock auctions, breeders, and online marketplaces.
Where does the Damascus goat originated from?
Syria. It is native to Syria and other Near East countries.
What is purpose of Damascus goat?
The Damascus is actually a multi-purpose goat breed. They are good for both meat and milk production. They are also good for hair and fine leather production.
How much is a Damascus goat?
Exact price can vary from place to place. Crossbred are inexpensive, but sometimes a purebred goat may cost around or up to $5000.
Do Damascus goat have horns?
YES! They have horns, but they can also be polled.
Why do Damascus goats look like that?
They are born with extremely long, flowing ears. Their faces are actually more normal-shaped as young animals, which is lucky because they need normal faces in order to nurse from their mothers. It’s only later in life that they start to look like they ran into a door.
What is the color of Damascus goat?
They are generally a reddish-brown, but there are quite a few color variations available including a silver-white, white, fawn and grey.
What is Damascus goat scientific name?
Damascus goat scientific name is “Capra aegagrus hircus“.
What is a Damascus goat mixed with?
Are Damascus goats healthy?
YES! They are very hardy and healthy breed. And there are no known health issues within the breed.
Where can I find Damascus goat for sale?
Please search your local livestock market. Also try searching your local online classified websites.
How about Damascus goat size?
The Damascus goats are large in size. Average body weight of the mature buck is between 70 and 90 kg. And average body weight of a doe is between 50 and 60 kg.
How long do a Damascus goat live?
Average lifespan of a Damascus goat is around or up to 12 years.
How to start Damascus goat farming business?
Damascus goat farming is just like raising other common goat breeds. You have to purchase good quality goats, make a good shelter for them, feed them nutritious food and always try to take good care of them.
Is Damascus goat farming profitable?
YES, definitely! Raising these goats is very easy. They have little or no health issues. They are also highly prized in the market. So, raising them commercially will be highly profitable.
How to ensure good health and long life of Damascus goats?
Its important to provide them with proper nutrition, regular veterinary care, and a clean and comfortable living environment to ensure good health and long life. Its also important to keep your goats safe from predators and other potential hazards, such as poisonous plants or extreme weather conditions. With proper care and attention, Damascus goats can live a long, healthy and productive life on the farm or homestead.