There are hundreds of different domestic pig breeds (Sus scrofa domesticus) available throughout the world. Actually a pig breed is a type of pig that has a given set of biological and physical characteristics. There are also several breeds available which are found in the wild. And some breeds have been developed as per the needs of the farmers which are called cross breeds, hybrid or improved breeds. Pig breeders have developed many breeds to suit modern farming in the same way that sheep and cows have been bred over time to be certain shapes, sizes, colors or temperaments. The cross breeds usually have parents of two or more different breeds.
On the other hand, the pure breed pigs are those animals which are bred from parents of the same breed or variety. It is believed that the majority of the pig breeds we know today are descended from the Eurasian Wild Boar (Sus scrofa). Domestication of the pg occurs as early as 9,000 years ago, according to the archaeological evidence from the Middle East. With some evidence for domestication even earlier in China. Figurines, as well as bone, dating the sixth or seventh millennium BC have been found at sites in the Middle East.
Pigs were also a popular subjects for statuettes in ancient Persia. Initially most of the livestock were utilized by the normadic peoples, pigs are more indicative of a settled farming community. The reason for this is simply because pig are difficult to herd and move for long distances. Pigs have become vital to the economy in parts of the world. For example, there exists a “pig culture” in New Guinea as strong and complex as any African culture based on cattle. Today pig farming business have become popular throughout the world and numerous breeds are available for different purposes. However, here we have listed some pig breeds which are raised and popular throughout the world.
List of Pig Breeds
|American Yorkshire||United States|
|British Saddleback||United Kingdom|
|Gloucestershire Old Spots||United Kingdom|
|Large Black||United Kingdom|
|Large White||United Kingdom|
|Middle White||United Kingdom|
|Ossabaw Island||Ossabaw Island|
|Oxford Sandy and Black||United Kingdom|
|Red Wattle||United States|
|Wessex Saddleback||United Kingdom|