The Duroc pig is an old breed of domestic pig originating in the United States. It is one of several red pig strains which was developed around 1800 in New England. Exact origins of the breed are not known. One theory is that the red color of the animal came from the Berkshire pig (a breed which is now black, but was rusty brown at that time) from Britain. Another suggestion is that the pigs were imported from the Guinea coast of Africa during the time of the slave trade.
Another influence on the breed may have been four shoats from Spain and Portugal that were imported around 1837, but it is unclear whether these formed part of the breed’s ancestry. The Duroc pig is the first breed to have it’s genome sequenced was a sow. The modern breed originated from crosses of the Jersey Red and New York’s older Duroc. And around the 1950s, the breed started being used as show hogs. Read some more information about the Duroc pig breed below.
Duroc Pig Characteristics
The modern Duroc pig is a medium-sized animal with moderately long body and it’s face is slightly dished. It was originally a very large breed in the past, but was not as large as was the Jersey Red pig. Ears of the animal are dropping and not held erect. Coloration of the animals is often an orangish-brown. But any color is allowed from a light golden shade to a deep mahogany red.
Duroc pigs are large-framed animals and are muscular. Average live body weight of the mature sows is around 204-295 kg. And average live body weight of the mature boars vary from 227 to 340 kg. Photo and info from Wikipedia.
The Duroc pig is a very hardy breed. And it is well known for it’s hardiness and quick but through muscle growth. The breed is of very good behavior and has relatively calm temperament. It tend to be one of the least aggressive of all the pig breeds. The Duroc pigs grow relatively faster when they are kept on a consistent and nutritious diet. They do very well in extensive pig farming system and tend to stay healthy and happy in both cold and warm climates. The sows are known for producing large litters and they take very good care of their piglets. However, review full breed profile of the Duroc pig in the following chart.
Duroc Pig | Breed Profile
|Special Notes||Very hardy, good behavior, calm temperament, less aggressive, grow faster, good for extensive system, good for both cold and warm climates, sows are known for producing large litters and they take very good care of their piglets|
|Breed Size||Medium to large|
|Climate Tolerance||All climates|
|Color||Usually an orangish-brown. But any color is allowed from a light golden shade to a deep mahogany red.|
|Country/Place of Origin||United States|