Goat Farming: Best Guide For High Profits

Goat farming is a very common and popular business in many countries around the world. It is not a new business idea. It is a profitable business and rural people have been raising goats from the ancient time for the purpose of food. Generally goat farming means ‘rearing goats for the purpose of harvesting milk, meat and fiber’.

At present, goat farming has become a profitable business and it requires a very low investment because goats are cheap as compared to other large livestock animals. Goats are known for their multi-functional utility. Commercial goat farming business is contributing greatly to the economy and nutrition of a country.

Goats are multi-functional animals. You can produce a wide variety of products from goats, such as milk, meat, fiber, manure etc. Goat’s milk is used for producing full cream goat powder, skimmed goat milk powder, goat butter, goat milk cream, fresh goat milk etc.

Goat meat is a great source of animal protein which is very popular, tasty, nutritious and healthy. Goat wool is being used in many purposes, and skin of goat plays a vital role in leather industry.

Global population is increasing gradually, and total food demand is also increasing. And commercial goat production can help for fighting food scarcity. Along with making profits, goat farming is a good way of employment and people can easily start this business.

However, here we are describing more about the advantages of goat farming business and the required steps for starting a lucrative business.

Advantages of Goat Farming

There are many advantages of goat farming business. You can also raise goats along with your other livestock animals. Goats have been considered as poor man’s cow (mini cow) for the poor people, because of their immense contribution in rural economy and national income.

Goat products like milk and meat is not only nutritious and easily digestible food but also a great source of regular income for the poor, landless and marginal farmers.

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As goats are small sized animal , so they are easily maintained. Even they are easily maintained and cared by women and children. For successful goat farming business, you need to do some common tasks such as feeding, milking and caring.

These simple tasks do not require much equipment, capital, labor or hard work. The main advantages of starting goat farming business are described below.

  • Commercial goat farming is a very old business, and many people are already doing this business for making profits.
  • Starting a goat farming business requires low initial investment or capital.
  • Goats don’t require huge area for housing because their body size is comparatively smaller than other livestock animals.
  • Usually goats are very friendly in nature and very lovable.
  • Goats are good breeders and they reach sexual maturity within their 7-12 months of age and give birth of kids within a short time. And some goat breed produce numerous kids per kidding.
  • Risks are less for goat farming (even in drought prone areas) than any other livestock farming business.
  • Both male and female goats have almost equal value/price in the market.
  • No religious taboo against goat farming and meat consumption.
  • Goat meat and milk are cholesterol free and easily digestible.
  • Goat milk is used for making various types of foods and it’s very easy to digest than milk of cows.
  • Commercial goat farming business has created a potential way of employment for unemployed people.
  • Goats are multi purpose animal. They can produce milk, meat, skin, fiber and manure at the same time.
  • There is no need of a high end housing system for goats. Even they can easily share their living place with their owners or his/her other livestock animals.
  • Goats are very suitable for mixed farming with other domestic animals.
  • Diseases are less in goats than other domestic animals.
  • Goats are easily available, comparatively cheaper in price, easy to maintain and always have a friendly disposition.
  • They are capable of adopting themselves with almost all types of agro climatic environments or conditions. They can tolerate high and low temperature throughout the world and live happily. They also can tolerate hot climate more than other animals.
  • According to the investment per unit they produce more than other domestic animals. And the ROI (return of investment) ratio is very good.
  • Goats are generally smaller in size but reach slaughter age faster.
  • Goats are called the “foster mother of human”. Because their milk is considered as the best milk for human consumption than any other species of livestock animal’s milk. And their milk is low cost, nutritious, wholesome and easily digestible. All aged people from child to old one can easily digest goat’s milk. Goat milk also has lesser allergic problems. And used as an Ayurveda medicine for the people who are ailing with diabetes, asthma, cough etc.
  • Goat milk is suitable for preparing various types of milk products. And goat meat has a huge demand and high price in the local and international markets. Even you can consider exporting your products to the foreign countries for more profits.
  • Goats can be milked as often as required. This also prevent refrigeration costs and milk storage problems.
  • You can use the goat’s manure as a high quality natural fertilizer in crop field. This will directly help to maximize crop production.
  • As goat farming business is very profitable, so many govt. and non govt. banks are providing loans for starting this business.
  • This business require less labor and you can easily use your family labor for raising goats.
  • Commercial goat farming business is a great source of employment and income. So unemployed educated people can easily create a great employment and income source through raising goats commercially.
  • Along with the above advantages, there are also many other advantages of raising goats commercially.

How to Start Goat Farming Business

Starting a goat farming business is relatively easy and simple. Even the beginners can also raise some goats.

Although, we recommend having training on goat farming system before starting this business commercially.

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For starting and maintaining a profitable and successful business, you must have to make a proper and effective goat farming business plan and go according to the plan. Here we are shortly describing the necessary steps for starting goat farming business.

Try to Complete a Training First

You can start small scale production whenever you want. But for commercial production, it will be better if you can complete a short or full training.

Learning from existing farmers is also a very good option. Actually practical experience is much more important than book knowledge.

Today, there are many government or private NGO available throughout the world who are providing training facilities and other supports for starting and operating this business.

Select a Very Good Farm Area

Always try to select a suitable farm land/area for your business that has all required facilities for successful goat farming business. The necessary facilities for goat farming business includes the followings.

  1. Great source of fresh and clean water supply.
  2. Availability of all types of equipment.
  3. Easily available food source.
  4. Fertile field for crop, grasses and other green plant production. Feeding green food keeps the animal healthy, productive and reduces feeding costs.
  5. Availability of full time labor.
  6. Good transportation and veterinary service.
  7. A market near the farm land so that you can sell your products easily and buy necessary commodities.

Make An Effective Business Plan

Making an effecting business plan is very important for successful goat farming business. A viable business plan helps to run the farm smoothly and also ensures maximum profits from your production business.

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You can ask for help from an expert for making an excellent goat farming business plan. Try to include everything in your business plan from starting to marketing.

Choose The Products You Want to Produce

Goats are raised for many different purposes. For example, they are raised for meat, milk, fiber and skin production. And also for producing fancy goats for raising as pets.

So, determine your production purpose first, before starting this business. A good and clear plan will help you later.

Choose The Right Goat Breed

There are different types of goat breeds available around the world for rearing in the goat farm like Pygmy goats, Dwarf goats of Nigeria, Cashmere goats, Black Bengal goat, Mountain goats, Boer goats etc.

Some of the available goat breeds are famous for tasty and nutritious meat and some breeds are famous for milk production. Some Indian goats are also highly meat and milk productive.

Pygmy goats originated in Africa. They are good as pets and mainly used in the program and goat show. A lot of people rear them as pet instead of meat and milk production.

Nigerian dwarf goats and pygmy goats are of the same origin. Dwarf goats are of different colors like black, chocolate, gold, color, etc. Wide variety of colors is a major factor that makes them so popular.

Dairy goats are raised mainly for commercial milk production or for family milk consumption. They can also be displayed at trade shows. According to the association of dairy goats Nubians, Lamanchas, Alper, Oberhasli, Saanen and Togenburgs are the world famous dairy goat breed.

Cashmere goats are popular for wool production. Mountain goats are blunt, square looking covered with soft white, woolly, dense undercoat.

Boer goats originated in South Africa and suitable for highly meat production. Some studies say that Boer goats are very expensive and demand exceeds supply which attracts investors.

However, choosing the right breeds for commercial goat farming will ensure high profit. Choose proper breed according to your desired production and geographical location.

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You can also visit some of your nearest goat farm or livestock training center to learn more about the suitable goat breeds in your area.

Make Shelter or Housing for Your Goats

Housing is an important factor for profitable goat farming business. Small scale farmer generally keep their goats with their other livestock animals.

But for commercial production, a good quality goat housing system is highly recommended for better production. A good house not only give shelter and protects the goats from predators but also prevent them from various types of goat diseases.

Always keep the house neat, clean and dry. Make proper ventilation and drainage system inside the house. Also ensure the availability of sufficient fresh air and light inside the house. Housing and goat farm design are of various types according to the production type and breed.

Feeding Your Goats

Well goat feed management is also very essential for commercial goat farming business. Goats are not carnivorous animal. They don’t eat other animals.

Usually goats prefer to eat grasses, plants, shrubs, weeds and herbs. Besides those feeds, goat also need energy, portion, vitamins, fiber and water for proper growth and for making better profits from this business. It will be better if you have sufficient knowledge about what to feed goats.

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Along with good quality and nutritious feeding, goats also require lots of clean and fresh drinking water.

Goat Breeding

Goats are naturally very good breeders. So, you don’t have to worry much about breeding your goats.

Your goats will breed easily and will produce kids if you keep good ratio of bucks and does in your flock.

Generally one mature buck is enough for breeding 25 to 30 does.

Breeding season vary depending on the variety or breeds. Some goat breed breed and produce kids throughout the world. And some breed produce kids once a year.

Care & Management

Always try to take good care of your goats. Never feed them contaminated food or polluted water. Keep their house as much  neat and clean as possible. And clean their house on a regular basis.

For commercial production, keep kids, bucks and does separated for each other. Take extra care to the breeding bucks, kids and pregnant does. Keep the kids with their mother for several weeks after their birth.

Avoid using same buck for mating with numerous does at same day. Artificial insemination is also a great way for breeding your does.

Vaccinate them timely, for keeping them free from all types of diseases and health problems. If possible, stock some necessary vaccines and medicines and keep good relation with a veterinary doctor.

Vaccination

Various types of viral diseases like PPR, goat pox, foot and mouth diseases and bacterial diseases like anthrax, brucelosis etc. are very harmful for goats. So, proper vaccination is a must to prevent this types of diseases.

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The does which was not vaccinated PPR, goat pox, brucellosis vaccines previously, vaccinate them at the fifth month of gestation period.

Vaccinate the kids PPR vaccine when they reach 5 months of age. Always take good care of your animals and vaccinate them timely to prevent unwanted health hazard and diseases. See the chart below.

Vaccine NameApplying RateApplying Method
PPR1 mlInjection Under Skin
Foot & Mouth Disease2 mlInjection Under Skin
Anthrax1 mlInjection Under Skin

Marketing

Marketing is the most important but easiest step of goat farming business. Goat products like meat and milk has a huge local and global demand and popularity. Almost all types of people like goat milk and meat.

So, a good market is already available in almost every place of the world. You can easily sell your products in your nearest market. Commercial producers can target the international market and export the products in foreign countries.

Total Expenditure & Profit

Total expenditure and profit from goat farming business depends on the farming system, location, breeds, feeding cost and some other factors.

By good planing and proper management you can easily make goat farming business profitable. Small scale farming require less investment and profit can contribute your regular income.

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On the other hand, large scale or commercial production require high investment and some other additional costs. See goat farming project report for some idea about the total expenditure and profit from goat farming business.

Some Essential Tips For Successful Goat Farming Business

For getting desired production and profit from goat farming business, you have to know properly how to raise goats. Here are some tips for raising goats and making maximum profit.

  • Always try to keep your goat healthy and strong.
  • Always choose the right and high productive goat breeds for your business.
  • Try to learn more about goat farming business from the nearest livestock training center or expert producers in your area.
  • Ensure a big area so that your goats can roam freely, because they like to live in groups.
  • Make sure the availability of all equipment which are essential for goat farms.
  • To produce better milk, meat and to keep the goat free from diseases, make sure a well bred conduct.
  • Provide them sufficient clean water, food and fresh grasses according to their daily demand.
  • Be more careful about goat feeding. Never feed them contaminated food or polluted water.
  • Take some extra care to the pregnant doe, breeding buck and kids.
  • Feed the buck some extra nutritious food during the period of mating.
  • To improve your goat’s health contact with a veterinarian regularly (if possible).
  • Give salt and mineral with a lot of water during the summer season.
  • Keep your goats away from cold and rain to avoid mass death.

In short, goat farming is a traditional, profitable, risk-less and very easy business because of its multi utility and fast growing rate.

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Goats also can be used as a tool for poverty reduction and play an important role in the economic growth of a country. Although some risks go with every business. Proper care and good management can ensure better production and high profit.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

There are too many questions related to goat farming business. Especially beginner pig farmers ask many questions. It’s actually not possible for us to list all those questions. However, here we are tyring to answer some of the most common questions that beginner goat farmers ask. Hope you will find yours, but if not, don’t hesitate to ask.

How to start goat farming business?

Starting a goat farming business is relatively easy. First of all select a good farm area, make a good business plan, choose the right breed, feed your goats with good quality and nutritious food and always try to take good care of your goats.

Is goat farming really a profitable business?

Yes, sure! Goats are highly efficient for converting low quality foods into high quality meat. Commercial production of goat is more profitable than small scale production.

Which breed of goat is most profitable?

It’s actually depends on your production purpose. If you go for meat production, then Boer, Black Bengal, Kalahari Red, Kiko, Fainting, Nubian, Rangeland, Sirohi, Spanish and Verata goats will be very good for you.

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But if you go for milk production, then Alpine, Saanen, LaMancha, Jamunapari, Toggenburg, Nubian, Oberhasli, Golden Guernsey, Sable and Nigerian Dwarf goats will be good for you!

How much profit do you make on goat?

It’s not possible to tell the exact amount, because it depends on numerous factors. Ask an expert in your area for more accurate information regarding profits.

How much money is required for goat farming?

Once again, it’s not possible to tell the exact amount. It depends on numerous factors. The more number of goats you start with, the more costs will be.

Which is more profitable goats or cows?

Both production are profitable. Cow farming require high investment, on the other hand goat farming require relatively less money. Goat farming is highly profitable.

How much profit do you make on goat?

It’s not possible to tell the exact amount. Because it depends on numerous factors. But profits from goats are much higher than other farm animals.

Can I get loan for goat farming?

Yes! You can get a loan for starting goat farming. Most of the government and private banks will provide loan for a goat farming project.

How long does it take for a goat to grow?

Depends on the goat breed and your production purpose. For example, if you raise Boer goat for meat production purpose, then it will take about 3 months for a goat to reach around 50 lbs.

How many times a year do goats give birth?

The average gestation period of a goat is 150 days. So a mamma goat can have to deliveries per year. Although, it is not same for all goat breeds. Some goat breeds give birth of kids only once a year.

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How long are goats pregnant in months?

5 months. 140 to 150 days average gestation period.

What is the lifespan of a goat?

Average lifespan of a goat is between 15 and 18 years. Although, farm goats are able to enjoy such lifespan. They are often slaughtered within their 2-3 years of age.

At what age can female goats get pregnant?

A young female goat or doeling generally reach maturity or puberty as early as 6-9 months of age. However, there is a huge variation of when she will actually come into heat and potentially become pregnant.

How many years can a goat produce milk?

Generally 2 years, but some have reported going as long as seven. But remember ‘your does must have kids to get milk’.

Can you breed father and daughter goats?

Breeding father and daughter goats is not ideal, and it’s called inter-breeding.

Can you breed brother and sister goats?

Full-sibling breeding is not recommended. Rather use bucks from someone else’s flock for breeding your female goats.

Can goats survive on grass alone?

Yes, goats can survive on grass alone.

Is goat milk better than cow milk?

Goat milk has more protein per serving as compared to standard cow milk, soy milk, or nut milks.

Do I have to milk a goat every day?

YES! You have to milk your dairy goat every day in order to keep her udder from getting too full.

Which is the best goat breed for beginners?

Pygmy and Nubian goats are considered best for the beginners. Both of these goat breeds require less caring and other management.

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How often do goats come in heat?

Female goats come in heat after about every 18-22 days.

How many goats can you have per acre?

Mo ore than 10, if your goats depends mostly on pasture.

What is the best food for goats?

Pasture grass, plant leaves, grass and alfalfa long-stemmed forage or pellets, and grain are the great sources of calories for goats.

What are the goat housing requirements?

Goats generally require a clean, well ventilated and dry housing system.

How many times should you feed a goat?

Twice a day is ideal.

Any goat farming near me?

Contact your nearest agriculture extension office to learn more.

How to make profit from goat farming?

Feed your goats with good quality food and always try to take good care of them. And thus you can make good profits from goat farming?

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What is a male goat called?

A male goat is called a buck.

What is a female goat called?

A female goat is called a doe.

What is a baby goat called?

A baby goat is called a kid.

These are the common steps and ways for starting and operating a successful goat farming business. Hope this faq also helped you learning a lot about goat related questions. Hope this detailed guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!

4 thoughts on “Goat Farming: Best Guide For High Profits”

  1. maduane marweshe david

    I wanted to start goat business, but I do not have enough funds. Furnish me with more governmental loans knowledge. I wanted to start big.

  2. Thanks for the great information. I am interested in beginning with high milking goats that do not have distinct flavor/smell in the milk. I also want to keep them on zero grazing, and keep very few like three for i have no land for pasture, stay in urban area in Uganda.

    Need support on which milking goat can suit Uganda- central region climate please recommend a bleed that will give me high milk yield and survive the tropical hot climate,
    How do I get the goat, do you know any farmer from my country

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