What to feed goats is the top question among the beginners who want to start a goat farming business. Among the ruminant animals goat is one of the most useful animal because of it’s multi-functional utility.
It gives us not only milk, meat and skin but also give us economic freedom. The success of goat farming depends on food management. For this reason, a you must have to know about goat feed management and how to feed them well.
Basically goat food management means providing food for the proper and desired growth in different ages and in different seasons.
Besides, the natural food goats also need vitamins, energy, protein etc. Imbalance of vitamins and minerals may be a cause of great harm. For this reason you should know a well thought and scientific feeding system of goat.
What to Feed Goats
Before making goat farm, try to have some knowledge about what to feed goats. If you don’t know what to feed goats, then your goats will not grow well and you will not be able to make good amount of profits. Here we are trying to describe more about what to feed goats and what to avoid feeding them.
Pasture And Browsing
The most efficient source of nutrients which is urgent for goat is pasture and browse. Pasture contains a high amount of energy and protein. Pasture plants also increase the tastiness and digestibility.
Bahia grass, Sudan grass, millet, a mixture of a grain grass, sorghum, grass and clover are the most pasture of goats.
You should let your goats to browse that helps to be advanced in protein than general pasture during the early part of grazing season. If goats browse freely, they will remain free from internal parasites.
In the winter season, the most important source of nutrition is hay. Goat should feed qualified grass based hay that does not contain mold.
Weedy hay is so beneficial because it is not only cheap, but also containing a large amount of nutrition. Different kinds of hays are found, among those legume hays alfalfa, lespedeza and clover are enriched in protein.
Vitamins and minerals
Goats need a lot of minerals. Salt, phosphorus and calcium contain minerals which is useful for goats. You have to provide a pre-mix of loose minerals that goats prefer so much. Goats don’t need a lot of vitamins. Goats need vitamins A, D and E.
If you are not able to find good feeds for your goats, then you can provide a good 12%-16% course grain for goats. You should provide creep feeding and complementary feeding of kids to increase the growth and weight.
Grain gives two elements which are Carbons and protein. Corn, rye, moil, oats, barley, corn are known as cereal grains that provide Carbons or energy. Protein supplements originate from animals and plants that include soybean meal, fish meal, cottons meal etc.
Garden And Kitchen Scrap
Generally garden and kitchen scraps are used in compositors’ purpose. But this compost can be used as goat feed because it acts as an onion ends good diet of goat. Orange peels, banana peels, Garlic skins, tomato ends, etc that means all kinds of vegetable and fruits cuttings are regarded as garden and kitchen scraps.
Goats do not eat only one thing that is egg shells. For this reasons it should not be given to goats. Egg shells can be given to chickens to eat. Goats also love to eat these scarps and it is a good nutritional supplement to their diets.
What To Avoid Feeding Your Goats
Many business owners give unhygienic and outrageous things that are not suitable for goats. You should not feed these foods and you must have to be concerned about this matter. Here is a short list of forbidden feeds for feeding goats.
Goats are ruminants; they like to browse and to eat grass, tree, and bark for these reason goats have an interest about paper (made up of wood). Cigarette is such a thing which is so much harmful for goat. Farmer should not feed cigarettes and cigarette butts.
Don’t feed your goat with dog feed. If even you feed your dog’s dietary food, it will also do harm goats. Goat and dog dietary feeds are totally different.
Cat and goat are two different animals. Cats and dogs are carnivorous and goats are ruminants. So their dietary feeds are totally different.
Besides, some poisonous plants such as wilted cherry, peach and plum leaves poke weed, nightshade, crotalaria are too much harmful for goat.
Some Inevitable Rules of Goat Feeding
- You should be concerned about good body/health condition of every goat in the herd so that no goat become too thin and too fat.
- Goat feed must have to be stored in safe place before feeding.
- Make sure that stored feed is protected from vermin, damp, contamination.
- Provided food must be hygienic and it should be presented in a hygienic way so that every goat can share it.
- The most important part of their diet is good quality hay.
- Ensure that half of the diet is coming from forage.
- Adequate green feed, vitamins, concentrates, minerals, water, balanced diet is the key to success of a goat farming business.
- Any changes in regular feeding habit must have to be happen gradually.
- Ensure colostrum for kids without delay after giving birth kids.
- Availability of pure drinking water is inevitable for goats.
- To ensure feed for all goats, make a notice and routine so that no goat abstain from taking feed.
- You must have to keep contaminated feed and water away from goats.
- You will be able to make good profits if you feed your goats with good food and take good care of them.
These are the common steps and guides for feeding your goats. Hope now you have better idea about what to feed goats. Feeding goats is really easy and simple if you are conscious about their health. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck!