Commercial goat farming business is gaining popularity day by day and goat farming in Bangladesh is already an established and profitable business model.
Goats are small sized livestock animal and it is very easy to raise some goats. Even the woman and children can also raise and take care of them easily along with their regular work.
Nowadays the popularity of commercial goat farming business in Bangladesh is increasing and more and more people are engaging with this business. I have included the benefits and steps for starting goat farming in Bangladesh.
Why Goat Farming in Bangladesh?
There are many advantages of starting commercial goat farming business. I am describing the main benefits of goat farming in Bangladesh.
- Goats are small livestock animal. They require less space and care than cattle.
- Goat care and management process are very easy and simple. Woman can easily raise some goats along with their regular household activities. And the children can also raise them perfectly with their studies.
- The Government of Bangladesh is continuously inspiring the people for setting up small scale goat farm and creating many opportunities necessary for goat farming business.
- Goats are multi purpose small sized livestock animal and they are suitable for commercial milk, meat, fiber, skin and manure production.
- Goats require less living space, care and additional facilities compared to other livestock animal like cattle.
- They can manage themselves with less management, care, housing and feeding. In small scale production, you can keep your goats with other animals like cow or sheep.
- Infrastructure, feeding, treatment and other production costs are less.
- Highly productive goat breeds are available and suitable for farming in Bangladesh according to its weather, climate and other circumstances.
- Goats are smaller in size but reach slaughter age faster.
- Their are no religious obligations or taboo for consuming goat products like meat and milk.
- Many highly productive local and foreign goat breeds are available and suitable for commercial production.
- Goat meat has a great demand and value in the local Bangladeshi and international market. Goat milk is very suitable for human health and the popularity and consuming rate of goat milk is increasing rapidly. So, you don’t have to think about marketing your products.
- Commercial goat farming in Bangladesh can be a great source of income and employment for the unemployed educated people of Bangladesh.
How to Start Goat Farming in Bangladesh?
Setting up small scale goat farm is very easy. But for large scale commercial production, you have to make proper plan and use them perfectly.
Here, we are describing the process/steps for setting up commercial goat farming in Bangladesh. If you are a beginner, visit goat farming business plan for beginner.
Selecting a suitable farm location for starting commercial goat farming in Bangladesh is most important. Although, almost all places of Bangladesh are suitable for setting up goat farming business.
But it will be better for commercial production if you can set up the farm near from your house and far from the residential areas.
While selecting location for setting up farm, keep in mind the necessary facilities that are very urgent proper growth and maximum production.
The necessary facilities for goat farming in Bangladesh includes good housing, grazing place, fresh water source, veterinary services, good transportation system, suitable market etc.
Consider the following facilities while selecting suitable farm location for commercial goat farming business.
- The selected location must have to have a great source of sufficient clean and fresh water.
- The selected area must have to be suitable for crop, grass and other green plant production. Because, grass or other green plant production helps to minimize the feeding costs.
- Grazing keeps the goat healthy and productive. So, try to make a grazing place for your goats.
- A market near the farm location will be effective.
- Good transportation facilities in the selected area.
- Ensure availability of all types of necessary veterinarian service in the area.
- Try to establish the farm in rural areas. Because, labor and lands are highly available within very cheap price in those areas. And some other management costs are less in rural areas.
- The selected area must have to be free from all types of pollution and noise.
- In a word, select such a location that is suitable for proper growth and ensure maximum production.
Selecting proper breeds is most important part of your commercial goat farming business in Bangladesh. Before selecting proper breeds, determine what type of products you want to produce.
Visit your nearest local market and try to understand what type of goat products has a huge demand. If goat milk has huge demand then you can start raising dairy goats.
Goat meat has a huge demand in the local and international market. So, you can easily choose any highly meat productive goat breeds for commercial production.
After determining your desired production, choose suitable breeds. Black Bengal goat is a native Bangladeshi goat breed. It is highly meat productive deshi goat breed.
The meat of Black Bengal goat is very tasty and has a great demand in the local and international market. Boer goat and Sirohi are also highly meat productive.
For commercial milk production you can raise some highly milk producing dairy goat breeds like Saanen, Jamunapari etc. All those foreign breeds are very suitable for commercial goat farming in Bangladesh. However, choose proper breeds according to your desired production.
Most of the small scale goat farmer of Bangladesh used to keep their goats with other livestock animals. But for commercial production you must have to make a proper house for your goats.
Making a suitable housing system is the most important part of commercial goat farming in Bangladesh. A good house keeps the animal safe and free from all types of adverse environment and predators.
Nowadays, stall feeding goat farming system has been proved as the most profitable farming system and this system is gaining popularity day by day in Bangladesh.
For commercial production stall feeding is system is very effective. So, you have to build house by keeping in mind this factor.
Goat housing design depends on the breed and production type. So, the goat housing design may be of various types according to the breed and production type. Consider the followings while making house for your goats.
- Make the house in relatively higher place so that you can keep your goats free from flood water.
- Try to keep the goats in clean house which is free from dampness, drafts and all types of pests.
- Always keep the house dry. Because goat doesn’t like wet floor.
- Make proper ventilation system and ensure sufficient flow of fresh air and enough light inside the house.
- Make a drain inside the house for the purpose of proper sanitation system. This also helps to keep the goat healthy and you can easily clean the house.
- Prevent entrance of rain water directly into the house. Goat hates rainwater. In this regard, you can make the house with adbestos or concrete roof.
- Keep adequate temperature control system. Goat grows slowly in cold temperature. So, while making house keep in mind this factor.
- Always clean the feeding and watering equipment inside the house. And include all types of necessary equipment and facilities for proper growth and maximum production.
Always feed your goats well balanced and nutritious food. Add all types of necessary vitamins, minerals, salt etc. in their food. Ensure proper amount of protein in goat feed.
Supply them sufficient amount of green grasses or other green plants. Never try to feed them date expired or contaminated food with their regular food.
Along with providing high quality nutritious food, try to serve them sufficient amount of clean and fresh water.
For commercial goat farming, sufficient veterinary services are must. Before starting goat farming business, you must have to be ensure about the availability of all types of necessary veterinary services.
Always stock some necessary medicines and vaccines in your farm. And keep good relation with the doctor.
Special Care & Management
Always take good care of your goats. Try to monitor all their activities. Check their health condition on a regular basis. Try to determine whether they are healthy or infected by any diseases.
Never let them to go outside the farm. If possible, make a fence surrounding your farm. Always provide them nutritious food and fresh water. Vaccinate them timely to keep them free from all types of diseases and health hazard.
Keep buck and does separated from each other. Keep the kids with their mother for a several periods and after that keep them separately. Feed the kids their mother milk for the first few weeks. Take extra care of breeding buck and pregnant does.
Marketing process of goat products are very easy. You can easily sell all products in your nearest market. The demand of goat milk in Bangladesh is slightly less but it is increasing.
In near future a suitable market will be established for selling and buying goats milk. On the other hand goat meat has a huge demand in the local market. You can even try to sell goat meat in international market.
Other goat products like skin, fiber and manure has a huge demand. So, don’t think about marketing he products, just start raising goats commercially by strictly following the other steps.
Goat farming in Bangladesh has a great opportunities like other potential income sources. If you are thinking about raising goats commercially, then try to learn more about commercial goat farming process including housing, feeding, medicines, care, management etc. and goat farming basics.
It will be better if you complete a training on goat farming in Bangladesh form the govt. or non-govt. livestock training centers. Wish your success!
Tips for Goat Farming in Bangladesh
Goat farming is an important source of income for many people in Bangladesh. Goats are raised for their meat, milk, and skin, and can provide a sustainable income for farmers.
However, to be successful in goat farming, it is important to understand the best practices for raising and caring for goats. Now we will provide best tips for goat farming in Bangladesh.
Select the right breed of goat
The success of your goat farming business depends on choosing the right breed of goat. In Bangladesh, some of the most popular breeds of goats are the Black Bengal, Jamnapari, and Boer goats. Each breed has its own characteristics, so it is important to research and choose the breed that is best suited to your farming goals.
Provide adequate shelter
Goats require a shelter that is dry, clean, and well-ventilated. The shelter should be big enough to accommodate all of your goats, and should be protected from extreme weather conditions. Goats are also sensitive to heat, so it is important to provide shade during the hot summer months.
Ensure clean water supply
Clean water is essential for the health of your goats. Provide your goats with clean and fresh water daily. You should also clean the water troughs and buckets regularly to prevent the spread of disease.
Feed your goats properly
Goats require a balanced diet of roughage, concentrates, and minerals. In Bangladesh, goats are typically fed grass, hay, and other roughage, as well as concentrate feeds such as corn, wheat bran, and soybean meal. It is important to provide your goats with a balanced diet to ensure their health and productivity.
Provide adequate space
Goats need enough space to move around and exercise. Each adult goat requires a minimum of 10 square feet of space. If your goats are kept in a small space, they are more likely to develop health problems and become stressed.
Keep your goats clean
Cleanliness is important for the health of your goats. Regularly clean the shelter and keep it dry. Trim your goat’s hooves regularly to prevent infection. Bath your goats when necessary to keep them clean and healthy.
Regular veterinary care
Regular veterinary care is essential for the health of your goats. Schedule regular check-ups and vaccinations to prevent the spread of disease. If you notice any signs of illness or injury, seek veterinary care immediately.
Breeding is an important aspect of goat farming. Ensure that your breeding goats are healthy and have adequate nutrition. You should also ensure that breeding is properly timed and managed to ensure the best possible outcomes.
Monitor your goat’s health
Regularly monitor your goats’ health to detect any signs of illness or injury. Signs of illness include loss of appetite, weight loss, and diarrhea. Early detection can help prevent the spread of disease and improve the chances of a successful recovery.
Biosecurity measures are important for preventing the spread of disease. Keep your goats away from other livestock, and do not share equipment or feed. If you bring in new goats, quarantine them for a few weeks to ensure that they are healthy before introducing them to your herd.
Parasites can cause serious health problems for your goats. Regularly check your goats for signs of parasites and treat them promptly if necessary. You can also use preventative measures such as keeping the shelter clean and providing your goats with a balanced diet to reduce the risk of parasites.
Keeping accurate records is important for the success of your goat farming business. Record keeping can help you track the health and productivity of your goats, as well as your financial performance.
Ensure proper sanitation
Sanitation is important for preventing the spread of disease. Regular cleaning of your goat’s shelter and equipment, and ensure that your goats have access to clean and fresh water. Proper sanitation practices can help prevent the spread of disease and improve the overall health of your goats.
Provide adequate fencing
Fencing is important for keeping your goats safe and secure. Ensure that your fencing is strong and high enough to prevent your goats from escaping. Also, ensure that your fencing is free from sharp edges or protruding objects that may injure your goats.
Practice good waste management
Effective waste management is essential for maintaining a healthy and hygienic environment for your goats. Ensure that you dispose of manure properly and regularly, and avoid accumulating waste in the shelter. You can also use the manure as a natural fertilizer for your crops.
Maintain good herd management practices
Effective herd management practices can help you improve the productivity and health of your goats. These practices include timely vaccinations, proper feeding, regular deworming, and effective breeding management.
Market your goats effectively
Marketing is an important aspect of goat farming. Develop effective marketing strategies to sell your goats to potential buyers. You can market your goats through local markets, social media, and by creating a website for your goat farming business.
Staying informed about the latest goat farming practices and trends can help you improve the success of your business. Attend workshops, conferences, and seminars to learn from experts in the field. You can also join online communities and discussion groups to network with other goat farmers and exchange ideas.
Related Queries & FAQs
There are lots of questions and queries related to goat farming in Bangladesh. Here we are trying to list the common questions and queries about this business and trying to answer them. Hope you will find answers of your questions or queries. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.
What is goat farming in Bangladesh?
Goat farming in Bangladesh is the practice of raising goats for meat, milk, and skin production.
What is the current status of goat farming in Bangladesh?
Goat farming in Bangladesh is becoming increasingly popular due to its low cost, high profit margins, and ease of management.
How much does it cost to start goat farming in Bangladesh?
The cost of starting goat farming in Bangladesh depends on various factors, such as the number of goats, the type of breed, and the infrastructure. However, it typically ranges from 50,000 to 100,000 BDT.
What are the benefits of goat farming in Bangladesh?
Some of the benefits of goat farming in Bangladesh include high profitability, low investment cost, and easy management.
What are the best breeds of goats for farming in Bangladesh?
Some of the best breeds of goats for farming in Bangladesh are the Black Bengal, Jamunapari, and Beetal.
What is the average lifespan of a goat in Bangladesh?
The average lifespan of a goat in Bangladesh is around 12-15 years.
What is the average weight of a goat in Bangladesh?
The average weight of a goat in Bangladesh varies depending on the breed. For example, Black Bengal goats typically weigh around 20-25 kg, while Jamunapari goats can weigh up to 80-90 kg.
What is the ideal temperature range for goat farming in Bangladesh?
The ideal temperature range for goat farming in Bangladesh is between 15-30 degrees Celsius.
How many goats can be kept per acre in Bangladesh?
The number of goats that can be kept per acre in Bangladesh depends on various factors, such as the breed, the size of the goats, and the availability of pasture. However, on average, 10-15 goats can be kept per acre.
What is the gestation period of a goat in Bangladesh?
The gestation period of a goat in Bangladesh is around 150 days.
How much milk can a goat produce per day in Bangladesh?
The amount of milk that a goat can produce per day in Bangladesh varies depending on the breed, age, and management practices. However, on average, a goat can produce 1-2 liters of milk per day.
What is the best age to start breeding goats in Bangladesh?
The best age to start breeding goats in Bangladesh is around 8-12 months for female goats and 10-12 months for male goats.
What are the common diseases in goats in Bangladesh?
Some of the common diseases in goats in Bangladesh include diarrhea, pneumonia, and foot-and-mouth disease.
What is the feeding schedule for goats in Bangladesh?
Goats in Bangladesh should be fed a balanced diet that includes hay, grass, and concentrates. They should be fed 2-3 times a day, depending on their age and weight.
What is the ideal housing system for goats in Bangladesh?
The ideal housing system for goats in Bangladesh should provide protection from extreme weather conditions, adequate ventilation, and enough space for the goats to move around.
What is the average cost of feeding a goat per day in Bangladesh?
The average cost of feeding a goat per day in Bangladesh depends on the type of feed, the age and weight of the goat, and the management practices. However, on average, it can cost around 50-100 BDT per day.
What is the ideal breeding ratio for goats in Bangladesh?
The ideal breeding ratio for goats in Bangladesh is around 1 male to 25-30 females.
What are the marketing opportunities for goat products in Bangladesh?
There is a high demand for goat products in Bangladesh, such as meat, milk, and skin. Goat meat is a popular protein source in the country, and there is also a growing demand for goat milk and cheese. Additionally, goat skin is used for leather production.
What are the challenges of goat farming in Bangladesh?
Some of the challenges of goat farming in Bangladesh include the lack of quality breeding stock, inadequate veterinary services, and limited access to financing and market opportunities.
How can I learn more about goat farming in Bangladesh?
There are various resources available for learning more about goat farming in Bangladesh, such as government agricultural extension services, agricultural universities, and online forums and communities. Additionally, it is important to learn from experienced goat farmers and attend training and workshops on goat farming.
How can I prevent diseases in my goats?
You can prevent diseases in your goats by implementing good hygiene practices, providing a balanced diet, and vaccinating your goats against common diseases. You should also monitor your goats’ health regularly and seek veterinary care if necessary.
How can I ensure the welfare of my goats?
You can ensure the welfare of your goats by providing them with adequate food, water, and shelter, ensuring good hygiene practices, and providing proper veterinary care. It is also important to handle your goats with care and avoid causing them unnecessary stress or pain.
What is the breeding season for goats in Bangladesh?
The breeding season for goats in Bangladesh is typically from August to January.
Can goats be kept with other livestock in Bangladesh?
Yes, goats can be kept with other livestock such as cows, sheep, and poultry. However, it is important to ensure that there is enough space and resources for all the animals and to prevent the spread of diseases.
How can I increase the profitability of my goat farming business in Bangladesh?
You can increase the profitability of your goat farming business in Bangladesh by implementing good management practices, improving the quality of your goats through selective breeding, and exploring different marketing opportunities. You should also keep accurate records of your expenses and income to track your profits and identify areas for improvement.