Goat Farming in Nigeria

Goat farming in Nigeria is very popular and common. The agriculture sector of Nigeria greatly contributing the total national income and economic growth.

And domestic or commercial goat farming playing an important role in the overall economic system of this country.

Commercial goat farming is very popular in northern part of Nigeria than southern part. Goat meat is very popular throughout the country and has a great demand in the local restaurants, hotels and the head sells like hot cake in catteries.

Due to high demand of goat meat and other products, there is a great opportunities of establishing commercial goat farming business in Nigeria.

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Benefits of Goat Farming in Nigeria

  • The weather and climate of Nigeria is very suitable for goat farming.
  • Goat produces high quality meat and milk for human consumption. And goat products has a great demand in Nigeria.
  • People of any profession can establish goat farming business with their current job. Because, goat farming doesn’t require much labor.
  • Initial investment for starting goat farming in Nigeria is very less.
  • Housing, feeding, caring and other management costs are less in goats.
  • Goat farming in Nigeria can be a great source for earning extra income from foreign countries.
  • Goat produce meat, milk, skin, fiber, manure etc. and none of those is a waste. Every products are marketable.
  • Goat farming is a great source of self employment for the unemployed educated people and housewives of Nigeria.
  • You can easily raise 8-10 goats with the same place or feed needed for a cow.
  • Goat farming is very easy and simple. Even the care and management process can be done by the children and housewives.
  • Goat manure is a great organic fertilizer which directly helps to increase the crop production.
  • Commercial goat farming in Nigeria can help to eradicate poverty form Nigeria.
  • Commercial goat farming has a great return of investment ratio (ROI). That means you will get good returns of your total capital or investment within a year or two. Good profit starts from second year of starting goat farming in Nigeria.
  • Goat farming gives the people economic freedom. And it helps to reduce economic crisis and crime.

Starting Goat Farming in Nigeria

If you want to be self-employed or want to earn some extras with your regular income, then commercial goat farming business can be perfect for you.

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Get necessary training first form your nearest livestock farming training centers or any experienced goat farmer and then follow the step by step guide I have included here.

Select A Suitable Farm Location

Selecting a suitable land for your farm is very important. While selecting land for starting goat farming in Nigeria, consider the availability of some facilities which I have listed below.

  • Select a land which is not too far from the town.
  • Find out if there is another farm located or not, near your selected location.
  • The place must have to be suitable enough to set up a pasture or grazing place.
  • A market near the farm land, so that you can easily buy necessary equipment.
  • Availability of all types of veterinary services.
  • Great source of fresh and clean water.
  • Good transportation facilities with the nearest market or town.

Meat or Milk What You Want to Produce

Goats are multi-purpose animal. You can produce meat, milk, skin, fiber, manure etc. from the goats at the same time. Determine what type of products has a great demand in your location.

If goat milk has a great demand in your location, then you can set up a dairy goat farming business. If goat meat has high demands, then you can easily establish a meat goat farm.

So, before starting goat farming in Nigeria, analyze your local market and start producing those products which has a great demand.

Buy High Quality Breeds

Buying high quality healthy goat breeds for your farming business is one of the most important part. After determining which products you are going to produce, buy high quality, fresh and healthy goats.

Nigerian dwarf, Maradi, Pygmy, Boer, Saanen, Nubians etc. are very suitable for farming according to the weather of Nigeria.

Housing

For commercial goat production you should keep your goats in clean pens which is free of dampness, drafts and pests like flies and rodents.

As, goats are small sized animal they also require adequate fencing. Don’t keep your goats in airtight buildings.

For desired growth and good health you have to ensure proper ventilation system and flow of sufficient air and day light in the house.

Generally, small scale farmers keep their goats with other livestock animals like cattle or sheep. But, for commercial production you have to make special house for them.

Always keep the house or shelter clean and use fresh hay or straw for bedding. You can also keep some toys inside the house to keep your goats busy and entertaining. Some producer found that, this has a good result in the health of goats.

Feeding

By feeding your goats high quality, fresh and nutritious food regularly, you can desire maximum production from your business. Always try to feed your goats fresh and nutritious food.

Most successful commercial goat breeders feed their goats 12%-18% protein containing feed. Never include urea in the food because it is toxic to goats.

If you can make a good pasture and browsing place for your goats, then you can give them less grain. Always provide hay or green food in abundant supply.

Add necessary nutrients elements like vitamins, minerals, salt etc. And always serve them sufficient amount of fresh and clean water according to their demand.

Pasture

Making a pasture or grazing place for your goats will be a great idea. This will help you to minimize food cost. Grazing place also helps to keep your goats healthy.

Veterinary Service

Always ensure all types of veterinary services for your goats. If the service center become too far from your farm, then try to make a stock of some necessary medicines and vaccines in your farm or house.

Marketing

Good marketing strategies can maximize your income. While marketing your products, first of all try your local markets.

If there are good demands of goat products and a suitable market in your local area, then you will be able to sell your products easily.

If you can’t sell your products in reasonable price in the local market, try the international market.

Special Care & Management

Along with providing providing good housing, food etc. your goats also need some special care and management for continuous maximum and profitable income. Vaccinate your goats timely.

Never let them to go outside the farm area. Always feed them fresh food. Try to avoid used or contaminated food. Take special care to the breeding bucks and does.

Keep bucks and does separate from each other. Take special care to the kids for few months. Make a report of total expenditure and income of your farm.

Before starting goat farming in Nigeria, read more about raising goats and try to visit some farms practically for learning more about goat farming basics.

Make a proper plan before starting and do all the tasks according to the plan. Keep records of all types of activities. And finally, you will be succeed in goat farming business.

Best Tips for Goat Farming in Nigeria

Goat farming is a lucrative business in Nigeria. With a population of over 200 million people, there is a high demand for goat meat, milk, and other dairy products. As a result, goat farming has become a popular agricultural practice in the country. However, raising goats requires knowledge and expertise. Here we will be discussing the best tips for goat farming in Nigeria.

Choose the right breed

There are various breeds of goats in Nigeria, each with its unique characteristics. When starting a goat farm, it is essential to choose the right breed that fits your production goals. Some of the popular breeds of goats in Nigeria include the Boer goat, West African Dwarf goat, and Sahelian goat.

Provide adequate housing

Goats need a comfortable and secure place to rest and sleep. A well-ventilated and spacious house will prevent overcrowding and reduce the risk of diseases. The housing should also have a proper drainage system to prevent waterlogging.

Feeding

Goats are ruminants, and their diet should consist of high-quality hay, grass, and supplements. Provide them with fresh, clean water regularly. Overfeeding or underfeeding can lead to health problems or stunted growth.

Fencing

Fencing is essential in goat farming to prevent them from wandering off or getting attacked by predators. Use strong and durable materials such as wood or metal to build a sturdy fence around the farm.

Veterinary care

Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial in goat farming. Vaccinations, deworming, and treatments for diseases and infections should be administered as required.

Breeding

Breeding goats can improve the genetic makeup of your herd and increase production. It is crucial to choose healthy and genetically superior goats for breeding.

Management

Effective management is essential for the success of any goat farm. This includes record-keeping, monitoring, and implementing good farming practices.

Health management

Goats are prone to various diseases such as pneumonia, diarrhea, and foot rot. A good health management system involves preventing, diagnosing, and treating diseases.

Kid care

Proper care of kids is essential to ensure they grow healthy and strong. This includes feeding them milk, providing a warm and comfortable environment, and regular health check-ups.

Milking

Milking goats requires skill and patience. Ensure that the udder is clean before milking to prevent contamination. Use proper milking equipment and techniques to avoid injuring the goat.

Marketing

Before starting a goat farm, research the market demand and prices for goat products in your area. Develop a marketing strategy to sell your products effectively.

Environmental management

Goat farming can have adverse effects on the environment if not properly managed. Proper waste management, conservation of natural resources, and prevention of soil erosion should be prioritized.

Financial management

Goat farming can be profitable, but it requires careful financial planning and management. Keep accurate records of expenses and revenues and develop a budget to help track cash flow.

Supply chain management

Effective supply chain management is crucial in goat farming. This includes managing the inputs and outputs, transportation, and storage of products.

Equipment management

Goat farming requires specialized equipment such as feeding troughs, watering systems, and milking machines. Proper maintenance and repair of equipment are necessary to ensure their longevity.

Training and development

Continuous training and development of staff and farmers are essential to improve their knowledge and skills. This includes attending seminars, workshops, and training programs.

Pest control

Pests such as ticks and fleas can cause diseases and infections in goats. Implement a pest control program to prevent infestations and reduce the risk of diseases.

Networking

Networking with other farmers, suppliers, and industry experts can help improve your knowledge and skills in goat farming. Join local and national farmer associations and attend conferences and exhibitions to network with others in the industry.

Related Queries & FAQs

There are lots of questions and queries related to goat farming in Nigeria. Here we are trying to list the common questions and queries about this profitable business and trying to answer them. Hope you will find answers of your questions or queries. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

What is goat farming in Nigeria?

Goat farming in Nigeria refers to the rearing of goats for meat, milk, and other dairy products. It is a profitable agricultural practice due to the high demand for goat products in the country.

What are the benefits of goat farming in Nigeria?

The benefits of goat farming in Nigeria include a source of income, meat, milk, and other dairy products, employment opportunities, and the potential for exportation.

What is the best breed of goat for farming in Nigeria?

The best breed of goat for farming in Nigeria depends on the production goals of the farmer. Popular breeds in Nigeria include the Boer goat, West African Dwarf goat, and Sahelian goat.

How much does it cost to start goat farming in Nigeria?

The cost of starting goat farming in Nigeria varies depending on the scale of production and other factors such as housing, feeding, and healthcare. However, it can range from N500,000 to N5,000,000.

What are the requirements for starting a goat farm in Nigeria?

The requirements for starting a goat farm in Nigeria include access to land, capital, equipment, veterinary services, and market demand.

How do I care for newborn goats?

Caring for newborn goats involves feeding them milk, providing a warm and comfortable environment, and regular health check-ups.

How do I manage the health of my goats?

Managing the health of goats involves regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, deworming, and treatments for diseases and infections.

How do I prevent goat diseases in Nigeria?

Preventing goat diseases in Nigeria involves implementing good hygiene practices, proper nutrition, and vaccinations.

How do I feed my goats?

Feeding goats involves providing high-quality hay, grass, and supplements. Fresh, clean water should also be provided regularly.

How do I market my goat products?

Marketing goat products involves identifying market demand, developing a marketing strategy, and networking with buyers and suppliers.

How do I control pests in my goat farm?

Controlling pests in a goat farm involves implementing a pest control program to prevent infestations and reduce the risk of diseases.

How do I breed my goats?

Breeding goats involves selecting healthy and genetically superior goats for breeding and managing the breeding process.

How do I milk my goats?

Milking goats involves cleaning the udder before milking to prevent contamination and using proper milking equipment and techniques.

How do I prevent goat theft in Nigeria?

Preventing goat theft in Nigeria involves implementing security measures such as fencing, lighting, and monitoring the farm.

What is the lifespan of a goat in Nigeria?

The lifespan of a goat in Nigeria varies depending on the breed and management practices. However, they can live up to 10-15 years.

How do I manage the environment in my goat farm?

Managing the environment in a goat farm involves proper waste management, conservation of natural resources, and prevention of soil erosion.

How do I train my staff in goat farming?

Training staff in goat farming involves attending seminars, workshops, and training programs to improve their knowledge and skills.

What is the average cost of a goat in Nigeria?

The average cost of a goat in Nigeria varies depending on the breed, age, and market demand. However, they can cost between N10,000 to N200,000.

How do I prevent goats from wandering off?

Preventing goats from wandering off involves building a sturdy fence around the farm and implementing other security measures such as locking gates and monitoring the farm.

What are the common diseases that affect goats in Nigeria?

Common diseases that affect goats in Nigeria include pneumonia, diarrhea, and foot rot.

How do I manage the finances of my goat farm?

Managing the finances of a goat farm involves keeping accurate records of expenses and revenues, developing a budget, and tracking cash flow.

What is the average weight of a mature goat in Nigeria?

The average weight of a mature goat in Nigeria varies depending on the breed and management practices. However, they can weigh between 25-70kg.

How do I prepare my goat farm for the rainy season?

Preparing a goat farm for the rainy season involves ensuring proper drainage, repairing any leaks or damages, and reinforcing the fencing to prevent flooding.

How do I prevent common mistakes in goat farming?

Preventing common mistakes in goat farming involves doing adequate research, seeking advice from experienced farmers, and implementing good farming practices.

What is the best time to breed goats in Nigeria?

The best time to breed goats in Nigeria depends on the breed and management practices. However, it is usually during the dry season when there is enough food and water.

How do I transport my goats to the market?

Transporting goats to the market involves ensuring they are healthy, using appropriate transportation methods such as trucks or trailers, and following transportation regulations.

What is the potential for goat farming in Nigeria?

Goat farming in Nigeria has a high potential for growth and profitability due to the high demand for goat products in the country and the potential for exportation.

6 thoughts on “Goat Farming in Nigeria”

  1. NASIRU Balarabe ungogo

    I have gone through the goat farming write up IAM interested and hope to practice it in commercial quantity.
    My email address for more information please.
    Thank you.
    nasiruungog@ mail.com

    1. Oluwasanmi Ogunmola

      I am interested in starting up the goat farming business but on a small scale for now, say 3 males, 7 females. I believe a plot of land would do.
      Kindly furnish me with more information.
      Thanks.

  2. I am interested in Goat farming. will be interested in ur advice. I will be starting the farm by 20th of september 2021, about 3wks from now. I have gotten a piece of land of about 3000sqm. Interested any help u can render to me. Thanks.

    1. I want to start with 4 goats and not for commercial. I want to experiment from home.
      What type of grass do I need to plant to supplement the food that I will be buying?
      Secondly, I guess to don’t make much noise because I don’t want to disturb my neighbour.
      Thanks

  3. I am interested in goat farming but don’t have much money .
    Please educate me on the list amount I can invest and that will bring me income at the harvest time.

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