Somali goat farming is popular in it’s native area. Because it is a multi-purpose goat breed which is raised for meat, milk and skin production. But the breed is raised primarily for meat production in it’s native area.
The Somali goat breed is actually from Somalia, Djibouti and northeast Kenya. The breed is also known by some other names such as Abgal, Boran, Borana, Deghier, Deg yer, Dighi yer, Galla, Modugh and Ogaden.
The Somali goats are very strong and hardy animals and they are very suitable for commercial production purpose. Commercial Somali goat farming is profitable and can be a very good business idea for generating some additional income.
As a multi-purpose breed, the Somali goats are suitable for meat, milk and also skin production. And these products are of very good quality and have very good demand and value in the local market. So, starting commercial Somali goat farming business can be very profitable.
How to Start Somali Goat Farming
Starting Somali goat farming business is just like starting a goat farming business with any other domestic goat breeds. The Somali goats are very strong and hardy animals and they generally require less care and management. Here we are describing everything about starting and operating a successful Somali goat farming business from purchasing animals to caring and marketing.
First of all, purchase good quality, healthy and disease free goats from any of your nearest livestock market or existing farms. The Somali goats are easily available in their native area, so you will probably be able to find these goats easily. You can also search your local online classified websites.
Making a good and comfortable house or shelter is important for Somali goat farming business. So try to make a good and comfortable house for your animals with all required facilities.
Like many other domestic goat breeds, the Somali goats also prefer living in dry and clean house. Raised house (which is above from the ground) is considered good for Somali goat farming business.
Try to make the house in such a way so that you can easily clean the house. Install good ventilation system and ensure entrance of enough fresh air and enough light inside the house. As a medium sized goat breed, the Somali goats will require about 12 square feet housing space. Although you will need more space as playing ground if you want to raise your goats in stall fed system.
Feeding the animals with high quality and nutritious foods is the most important part of Somali goat farming business. So, always try to feed your goats with very high quality and nutritious foods. Feed them both greens and grains. And never feed them with contaminated foods.
The Somali goats also require some vitamins and minerals. So consult with a vet in your area for better recommendation. And provide your goats with enough clean and fresh drinking water as per their demand.
The Somali goats are naturally very good breeders. And natural breeding is generally practiced for Somali goat farming business, instead of artificial breeding. One mature and healthy buck is enough for breeding 25-35 does.
The Somali goats are very hardy and strong animals and they generally require less care and management. They are drought tolerant and excellent for meat production purpose. And they are also very good for milk production purpose and a lactating doe can produce 1-3 kg of milk daily. That’s why they are considered as the milk queen of the Kenyan arid and semi-arid areas.
Although taking additional care will ensure good growth and better production of these animals. De-worm and vaccinate your goats timely and always try to take good care of them.
Marketing goat products is not a problem, and you can easily sell your products in the local or any nearest market. Goat products have very good demand and value in the market, so you will easily be able to sell your products. Although you should set your marketing strategies before starting this business.
These are the common steps for starting and operating a successful Somali goat farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!