Surti goat farming is common and popular business in India. It is among the top Indian dairy goat breeds and it is raised mainly for milk production purpose. And it is a very important breed of domestic goat in India.
The Surti goat is among the best dairy goat breeds in India, and it is raised mainly for milk production. Name of the breed derives from the place named ‘Surat’ in Gujarat state of India. And the breed is found in pure form in this area.
Although, today the Surti goat breed is found throughout India. But the total population of this breed is very small when compared to other Indian goat breeds. And the Surti goat is considered as one of the endangered breed of domestic goats of Indian origin.
The Surti goats are mainly distributed in the surrounding areas of Surat, Baroda and Nasik of Maharashtra. But today it is also available in some other parts of India, mainly because of it’s good milk producing capabilities.
In the native area of Surti goat, it is very popular and the animals are raised and maintained in small flocks ranging from 2-15 goats. And most of the flocks in the native area are raised on extensive grazing system. But the breed is also very suited and can perform well under stall fed goat farming system.
Commercial Surti goat farming can be a very good business for generating additional income. Because the Surti goats are very hardy, strong and productive animals. And along with milk production, these animals are also very good for meat production purpose.
How to Start Surti Goat Farming
Surti goats are very hardy and strong animals, and they are well adapted to their local climates. So, starting commercial Surti goat farming business is not difficult. Even the beginners can also start commercial Surti goat farming business without prior experience. Here we are trying to describe more information about starting and operating a successful Surti goat farming business from purchasing animals to caring and marketing.
First of all, purchase good quality, healthy and disease free animals from any of your nearest livestock market or existing farms. The Surti goats are easily available throughout India, and you will probably able to find this breed easily. You can also search your local online classified websites.
Good, clean and safe house or shelter is very important for Surti goat farming business. A good and clean house not only keeps the animals happy but also helps them to stay healthy. So, making a comfortable and secure house is very important.
Like many other domestic goat breeds, the Surti goats also prefer living in dry and clean house. So try to keep the house as dry and clean as possible. Raised house (which is above from the ground) is considered good for Surti goat farming business.
Make the house in such a way so that you can clean the house easily. Install good ventilation system and ensure flow of sufficient fresh air and light inside the house.
As a small to medium sized breed, on average a Surti goat will require between 10 and 12 square feet housing space. But they will require additional separate space if you are willing to raise them in stall fed system. 20-25 square feet playing space per goat will be enough.
Feeding the animals with good quality and nutritious food is the most important part of Surti goat farming business. So always try to feed your goats with enough nutritious foods. Feed them both grains and greens. But as a dairy goat breed, the Surti goat will require more greens.
They also require vitamins and minerals. So consult with an experienced vet in your area for better recommendation. And also provide your goats with enough clean and fresh water as per their demand.
The Surti goats are naturally very good breeders. And natural breeding is practiced for Surti goat farming business, instead of artificial breeding. One mature and healthy buck is enough for breeding 30-35 does.
The Surti goats are very strong and hardy animals. So they generally require less care and management as compared to many other domestic goat breeds. Although, taking additional caring will ensure good growth of the animals. De-worm and vaccinate your goats timely. And keep good contact with a vet.
Marketing goat products is not a problem. Goat products have very good market demand and value in India. So, you will probably be able to sell your products in local or any nearest market easily. Although, you should set your marketing strategies before starting this business.
These are the common steps for starting and operating a successful Surti goat farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!