Full Classification of Poultry: Class, Variety, Strain

For successful poultry farming, learning about classification of poultry is a must. In ancient time all poultry birds lived in forest. India and middle area of east Asia is considered as the original homeland of chicken.

Jungle chicken of prehistoric era first raised as domestic bird in some area like Malay and Java of south east Asia. Then people used to hunt bird form jungle for meat and raise them at home for chicken fight as a source of entertainment.

It is thought that, modern chicken originated from red jungle chicken of that time. About class, breed, variety and strain of chicken are described below.

Classification of Poultry

Scientific classification of poultry is shown in the table below.

SpeciesG. gallus
SubspeciesG. g. domesticus
Scientific NameGallus gallus domesticus


Chicken originated from a certain place with same or similar characteristics are of same class. For example, Asiatic class, European class, American class etc.


Under class, chicken with same size, shape and characteristic similarity with each other are of same breed. Like, Leghorn, Minorca etc.

poultry birds, poultry breeds, poultry classification, classification of poultry


Variety is detected by feather color, heat crest or other physical characteristics within a breed. For example, white leghorn, black minorca etc.


Strain are made for a certain purpose by internal insemination of at least five generation. For example, star cross white, star cross brown, star brow etc.


Hybrid chicken are produced for increasing quality and production by inseminating with same or other breed strain. Hybrid chicken become more productive than their parents.

Layer Hybrid

Layer hybrid are made for producing more eggs by inseminating with same or other selected breeds.


Broilers are 6-8 weeks of aged chicken weights between 2-2.5 kg which are used for only meat production.

Growing Chicken

Chicken aged between 9-20 weeks of age are called growing chickens.

Classification According to Origin

According to origin the chicken are of four types.

  • Asiatic: Brahma, longson, cochin, asil etc.
  • English: Austrolorp, cornish, dorking, orpington etc.
  • Mediterranian: Leghorn, minorca, ancona, fayoumi etc.
  • American: Road island red, new hampshire, plymouth rock etc.

Classification On the Basis of Production

On the basis of production chicken are of three types.


Layer is for egg production. Some popular layer breeds are Leghorn, Minorca, Ancona, Fayoumi, Isa Brown, Babycock, Star Cross, Lohman etc.


Broiler chicken are only for meat production. Plymouth rock, Cornish, Sussex, Dorking, Cochin, Brahma, Asil, Star Brow, Hi-line etc. are popular broiler breeds.


This types of breed are used for the purpose of both egg and meat production. Rhode island red, New Hampshire, Plymouth Rock etc. are popular breeds for both meat and egg production.

Frequently Asked Questions

Many people ask questions about classification of poultry. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about poultry classification, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

What are the two classification of poultry?

Broiler and layers are the main two types of poultry.

What are the 5 classification of poultry?

5 common types of poultry are chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys and guinea fowl.

What are the 6 major classes of poultry?

6 major classes of poultry are Asiatic, American, English, Continental, Mediterranean and all other Standard breeds.

What are the classification of poultry house?

Generally, the poultry house is classified into three systems. They are free range, intensive and semi-intensive.

What are the 4 types of poultry?

4 types of poultry are Asiatic, American, English and Mediterranean.

What are 5 poultry products?

Most common and top 5 poultry products are chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys and guinea fowl.

Why is it important to learn the different classification of poultry?

When cooking poultry, chefs know choosing the right bird will affect the outcome of a final dish. That’s why most recipes call for a fryer, roaster, or other class—terms based on the age and sex of the bird and printed on poultry labels.[1]

What is variety in poultry?

A variety is a subdivision of a poultry breed.

How many types of poultry birds are there?

There are numerous poultry birds available. Most common poultry birds are chickens, ducks, geese, turkeys and guinea fowl.

What are examples of poultry products?

Meat, eggs and feathers.

What is the most popular poultry?

Chicken is the most common and most popular poultry.

What is the main product of poultry?

Meat and eggs are the main products of poultry.

What are the five importance of poultry farming?

The main five importance of poultry farming business are;

  1. Poultry farming is a great way to enhance food security.
  2. A great way of employment for the unemployed people.
  3. Great way for making good profits.
  4. Poultry products (especially meat and eggs) play a very important role to keep you healthy.
  5. You can start with little investment and make good profits.

What are layers in poultry?

Layers are those poultry birds which are kept and used for eggs production purpose.

What are broilers in poultry?

Broilers are poultry birds which are used for meat production purpose.

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