New Hampshire Chicken

The New Hampshire chicken (also known as New Hampshire Red) breed originated in the New Hampshire state in the United States. It is not a pure chicken breed. They were developed from the Rhode Island Red chicken breed around 1915 in New Hampshire.

This chicken breed was developed initially as a commercial breed for meat production. But they are now so different that they are their own breed. And they produce more meat and fewer eggs compared to Rhode Island Red chickens. The New Hampshire Red was first standardised by the American Poultry Association in 1935.

And later this breed become popular in some other countries such as UK, Germany, Netherlands etc. New Hampshire chickens become mature early and their feathers grow quickly compared to other common chicken breeds. They lay larger sized and brown colored eggs.

New Hampshire Chicken Characteristics

New Hampshire chicken possess a deep and broad body. Their feathers grow very rapidly. New Hampshire hens are prone to go broody. Most of the pin feathers of this breed are a reddish, brownish buff in color. But do not detract from the carcass appearance very much.

The color is a medium to light red and often fades in the sunshine. They have single comb which is medium to large in size. The comb often lops over a bit in the females. They are pretty good layer, but mainly raised for meat production.

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Hens lay larger sized brown eggs (although some strains lay dark brown colored eggs). This chicken breed is aggressive and competitive with other chickens.

Hew Hampshire chicken is also good for show purpose. Male New Hampshire chicken weight around 3.9 kg and female weight around 2.9 kg. Their skin color is yellow.


New Hampshire chickens can have different personalities. Some of them can be aggressive and some of them can be calm, docile and curious. They are suitable for raising in both confined and free range systems.

Breed NameNew Hampshire
Other NameNew Hampshire Red
Breed PurposeDual Purpose
Breed TemperamentBears Confinement Well, Calm, Docile, Easily Handled, Friendly, Quiet
Breed SizeHeavy (7-8 lbs)
BroodinessYes (Frequent)
CombSingle Comb
Climate ToleranceAll Climates
Egg ColorBrown
Egg SizeLarge
Egg ProductivityMedium (around 200 eggs per year)
Feathered LegsNo

The Good

  • Good for dual purpose
  • Very good for meat production
  • Pretty good layers
  • They are definitely gorgeous
  • Not too noisy
  • Intelligent
  • Docile
  • Calm
  • Friendly
  • Hardy
  • Large

The Bad

  • Not the best mothers
  • Eat a lot
  • Some of the chickens can be aggressive and competitive with other chickens

Is New Hampshire chicken Good for You?

New Hampshire chicken is good for you if you…….

  • Want to raise good looking, beautiful chickens.
  • Want to have more meat production than eggs.
  • Want larger sized brown eggs.
  • Looking for a proper breed that lays fewer eggs and produces more meat.
  • Searching for early maturing chickens.
  • Want to raise dual purpose breeds.
  • Want to have beautiful chickens as pets.
  • Have time, space and interest in raising chickens.

Interesting Facts About New Hampshire Chickens

New Hampshire chickens play a vital role in the American poultry industry. These birds have not only played a crucial role in sustaining local communities but have also carved a niche for themselves in the hearts of poultry enthusiasts worldwide.

These birds have rich history, distinctive appearance, and exceptional productivity, and they have rightfully earned their place in the annals of poultry farming.

As a heritage breed, they continue to captivate the hearts of poultry enthusiasts and play a vital role in preserving genetic diversity in poultry. Whether you are a small-scale farmer, a backyard poultry keeper, or simply curious about the world of chickens, these chickens offer a fascinating glimpse into the heritage and sustainability of American agriculture.


As the name suggests, the New Hampshire chickens have their roots in the state of New Hampshire, USA. They were developed through selective breeding, with the aim of creating a robust, dual-purpose breed suitable for both meat and egg production during the early 20th century.

A Heritage Breed

New Hampshire breed is recognized as a heritage breed by the American Poultry Association. This designation highlights their historical significance and their contribution to preserving genetic diversity in poultry.


These chickens are known for their distinctive and striking appearance. They have deep red feathers, which extend to their wattles and combs. Their bodies are well-proportioned and compact, making them an attractive addition to any flock.


One of the primary reasons for breeding New Hampshire chickens was their exceptional productivity. Hens are prolific layers, producing large brown eggs that are favored for their rich flavor. This trait has made them a popular choice among small-scale farmers.

Robust and Hardy

New Hampshire are robust and very hardy chickens and they are renowned for their resilience and adaptability to various climates. They are capable of thriving in both cold and hot conditions, making them a versatile choice for poultry keepers across the United States.

Dual Purpose

These chickens are actually dual purpose birds. They are not only good as egg layers but also very good as meat producers. Their meat is known for its fine quality and delicious flavor, making them a preferred choice for those seeking both eggs and poultry meat.


These chickens have very friendly and docile nature. They are actually known for their friendly and docile temperament. They often exhibit calm behavior, making them suitable for backyard flocks and family farms.

Heritage Preservation

Efforts have been made to conserve and promote this chicken breed due to it’s historical significance. Several organizations and breeders are dedicated to preserving it’s unique genetic traits.

Economic Importance

New Hampshire is such a chicken breed which has contributed significantly to the economic prosperity of rural communities. Their role in sustaining local agriculture cannot be understated.

Genetic Influence

The genetics of New Hampshire chickens have influenced the development of other poultry breeds, including the Rhode Island Red. This demonstrates the breed’s enduring impact on the poultry industry.

Conservation Status

While these chickens are not considered endangered, there is a growing awareness of the importance of preserving genetic diversity in poultry. Breeders and organizations continue to work toward their conservation.

Nutritional Value

The eggs produced by New Hampshire chickens are not only delicious but also nutritious. They are rich in protein, vitamins, and minerals, making them a healthy addition to any diet. Their meat is known for its fine quality and delicious flavor, making them a preferred choice for those seeking both eggs and poultry meat.

Free-Range Favorites

As New Hampshire is a hardy chicken breed so they are well-suited for free-range environments. Their foraging instincts and hardy nature make them adept at finding food while roaming freely.

Egg Color Variability

New Hampshire hens typically lay brown eggs, but there can be some variation in egg color. This adds an element of surprise for those collecting eggs from these charming birds.


The breed’s ability to thrive in various conditions aligns with the principles of sustainable farming. New Hampshire breed offer a valuable resource for those seeking to embrace eco-friendly agricultural practices.


These chickens are often featured in poultry exhibitions and fairs, where their striking appearance and historical significance are celebrated.

Cultural Heritage

New Hampshire chickens symbolize the enduring spirit of American agriculture. Their history is interwoven with the fabric of rural communities, representing a living testament to the country’s farming traditions.

Essential Tips for Raising New Hampshire Chickens

Raising New Hampshire chickens is relatively easy and simple for both novice and experienced poultry keepers. These heritage birds are known for their hardiness, productivity, and charming personalities.

You have to cover every aspect of these chicken’s care, from housing and feeding to health and enrichment to ensure the success and well-being of your flock.

Remember that each chicken is a unique individual, so observing their behavior and responding to their specific needs will go a long way in ensuring their well-being and productivity. Here are some tips for raising and caring these birds:

Choose Quality Breeding Stock

Start with healthy chicks from reputable breeders or hatcheries. Select birds that exhibit the desirable traits of New Hampshire breed, such as robust build and deep red plumage. If possible, try to purchase the birds from any of your local farms.

Provide Adequate Space

Give your chickens enough room to move about comfortably in their coop and run. A general guideline is to allow 2-3 square feet of space per bird inside the coop and 8-10 square feet in the outdoor run.

Construct a Secure Coop

A secure coop helps the birds to stay safe from harmful predators and also from adverse weather conditions. Ensure your coop is predator-proof by using sturdy materials and secure locks. These chickens are vulnerable to predators like raccoons and foxes.

Ensure Proper Ventilation

Good ventilation is crucial for maintaining air quality inside the coop. It removes excessive gas, odor and heat from inside the house and bring fresh air from outside the house. So, install good ventilation to prevent moisture buildup and provide fresh air.

Maintain Clean Bedding

Regularly change and clean the bedding in the coop to prevent the buildup of waste and moisture, which can lead to health issues. Cleaning the bedding materials regularly not only helps to keep the house clean but also helps to keep the birds free from health problems.

Provide Access to Fresh Water

Providing adequate water to your birds is very important. Chickens need constant access to clean, fresh water. Ensure that their water containers are regularly cleaned and free from contaminants.

Provide Them High-Quality Feed

Good quality and nutritious food helps the birds to grow well and stay healthy. Choose a high-quality poultry feed that matches the nutritional needs of New Hampshire chickens. They thrive on a balanced diet rich in protein and essential nutrients.

Supplement with Grit

Chickens require grit (small stones) to aid in digestion. Provide access to grit to help them break down food in their gizzards. This will ultimately help them to stay healthy and productive.

Offer Enrichment

Keep your chickens mentally stimulated by providing toys, perches, and items to peck at. Enrichment activities reduce boredom and encourage natural behaviors. Your baby’s unused toys can be useful for this purpose.

Free-Range Opportunities

Allow your New Hampshire chickens to free-range if possible. They will forage for insects and plants, which not only supplements their diet but also provides mental and physical stimulation.

Practice Good Biosecurity

Prevent the spread of diseases by practicing good biosecurity measures. Isolate new birds before introducing them to your flock, and regularly clean and disinfect equipment. Don’t allow visitors to your farm without enough security.

Monitor Your Bird’s Health Regularly

Regularly inspect your chicken’s health for signs of illness, such as changes in behavior, droopy posture, or abnormal discharges. Early detection is key to effective treatment. And then either ask a vet or take necessary steps as soon as possible.

Arrange Dust Bath Facility

Chickens love to dust bathe to keep their feathers clean and control parasites. Offer a designated area filled with dry dirt or sand.

Trim Beaks and Nails

Trimming the beaks and nails of these chicken is very important. So, timely trim the overgrown beaks and nails as needed to prevent injury and ensure proper feeding.

Molting Period Care

Molting is a natural process where chickens shed feathers and grow new ones. During this time, their egg production may decrease. Ensure they receive extra protein to support feather regrowth.

Implement a Lighting Schedule

As you know, lighting helps to encourage eggs production of chickens. Consider using artificial lighting to maintain a consistent day length of around 14-16 hours during the winter months to encourage consistent egg production.

Handle with Care

Frequent, gentle handling from a young age can help your chickens become more docile and comfortable around humans. Chickens establish pecking orders. Ensure there are plenty of food and water sources to prevent aggressive behavior and fights.

Promote Egg Collection

Collect eggs daily to prevent broodiness and to keep them clean. Provide nesting boxes with comfortable bedding.

Learn About Common Ailments

Educate yourself about common chicken ailments and their treatments. Being prepared can make a significant difference in your flock’s health. Connect with other chicken keepers, either locally or online. Communities provide support, advice, and a sense of camaraderie among fellow chicken keepers.

Related Queries & FAQs

There are lots of questions and queries related to New Hampshire Chickens. Here we are trying to list the common questions and queries about this beautiful chicken breed. Hope you will find answers of your questions or queries. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

What are New Hampshire chickens?

New Hampshire chickens are a breed of poultry known for their dual-purpose nature, suitable for both meat and egg production.

Where did New Hampshire chickens originate?

New Hampshire chickens originated in the state of New Hampshire, USA, in the early 20th century.

What do New Hampshire chickens look like?

They have deep red feathers, combs, and wattles, with a well-proportioned, compact body.

Are New Hampshire chickens good layers?

Yes, they are excellent layers, producing large brown eggs.

How many eggs can a New Hampshire chicken lay per year?

On average, a New Hampshire hen can lay around 200-280 eggs per year.

What is the average weight of a mature New Hampshire chicken?

Mature New Hampshire chickens typically weigh around 6-8 pounds (2.7-3.6 kilograms).

Are New Hampshire chickens good meat birds?

Yes, they are known for their high-quality meat, which is flavorful and tender.

How do I care for New Hampshire chickens in winter?

Provide a warm and insulated coop with proper ventilation to protect them from extreme cold.

What is the lifespan of a New Hampshire chicken?

The typical lifespan of a New Hampshire chicken is around 5-8 years.

Can I keep New Hampshire chickens in a backyard?

Yes, they are suitable for backyard flocks due to their docile nature.

Are New Hampshire chickens good with children?

Yes, they are generally friendly and can be great with children when properly socialized.

Do New Hampshire chickens require special dietary considerations?

They thrive on a balanced poultry feed rich in protein and nutrients.

How can I prevent predators from attacking my New Hampshire chickens?

Use secure coop construction and consider electric fencing for added protection.

Do New Hampshire chickens tolerate hot climates?

Yes, they are known for their adaptability to various climates, including hot ones.

How can I tell if a New Hampshire chicken is sick?

Look for signs like changes in behavior, lethargy, discharges, or abnormal feathers.

Can I raise New Hampshire chickens alongside other breeds?

Yes, they generally get along well with other chicken breeds.

Are New Hampshire chickens noisy?

They can be vocal, but their noise level is typically moderate compared to some other breeds.

How often should I clean the coop for New Hampshire chickens?

Regularly change bedding, aiming for a clean coop to prevent moisture buildup.

Do New Hampshire chickens require vaccinations?

Consult with a veterinarian for region-specific vaccination recommendations.

Can I raise New Hampshire chickens without a rooster?

Yes, hens will lay eggs without a rooster, but you won’t have fertile eggs for hatching.

How do I introduce new chickens to my existing flock of New Hampshire chickens?

Isolate new chickens for at least two weeks before introducing them gradually to the existing flock.

What is broodiness in New Hampshire chickens?

Broodiness is when a hen wants to sit on her eggs to hatch them. Some New Hampshire hens may exhibit this behavior.

Can I incubate New Hampshire chicken eggs at home?

Yes, you can incubate their eggs if you have the appropriate equipment and knowledge.

How do I support feather regrowth during molting in New Hampshire chickens?

Provide extra protein-rich food to help them grow new feathers.

Are New Hampshire chickens recognized as a heritage breed?

Yes, they are recognized as a heritage breed due to their historical significance in American poultry farming.

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