Asil Chicken Characteristics, Origin & Uses

Asil chicken (also spelled Aseel or Asli) is an ancient breed of chicken from India. They are originally kept for cockfighting, but nowadays these birds are also kept for ornamental purposes. They are gaining popularity throughout the world rapidly.

Asil chickens were brought to Europe around 1750. They are considered as the strongest game bird in the world. They are very smart, strongly muscled and they contributed to the modern Cornish (broiler) breed.

Sometimes Asil chickens are friendly when they are kept apart from other roosters. But you should not keep many roosters together, because they will fight until death.

Hens can sometimes be kept together but have to be watched closely in case of fighting. They are friendly, very tame and trusting towards humans.

Asil chicken breed entered the American Poultry Association’s Standard of Perfection in 1981. Asil hens are not among the good layers, but they are excellent sitters and mothers.

Asil Chicken Breed Information

Popularity of Asil chicken is increasing gradually throughout the world. It is mainly popular as pets, but also popular as show bird and also used for exhibition purpose. It is a very old breed and was very popular for cockfighting in the past.

Asil chickens have compact, and extremely muscular body which is held in a distictive upright position. And they are much heavier than they appear. They are so pugnacious that the hens will often fight each other for hours.

Even the little chicks have been seen sparing each other and chicks of other breeds (sometimes to the point of wounding them). However, review physical characteristics, behavior, varieties, uses and other information related of this breed below.

Physical Characteristics

Asil chickens are very skilled in fighting. They have wide and very beautiful chest. Their body structure is very good and they become very strong.

Legs and neck of Asil chicken are very long compared to other common chicken breeds. Asil hens are not good layers. Hens lay a few eggs and their eggs are also small.

Both roosters and hens are very beautiful, and both have short and hard feathers. And their feathers are held tightly to their body. They have a meaty carcass and they are especially noted for having a large heart for their body size. They also have short intestines as compared to some other common chicken breeds.

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There are many varieties of Asil chickens are available. Depending on the variety, the color of feathers can be black, red or mixed. They have a small pea comb.

Most of the Asil chicken varieties are big in size and very hardy. Diseases are pretty less. On an average an adult Asil rooster weights about 3kg – 4kg, and an adult hen can weight about 2.5kg – 3kg.


Asil hens are seasonal layers and lay a few eggs, but they are excellent mothers. Hens are apt to become broody and make excellent sitters and protective mothers.

Asil chicks take more time to be mature and they will often fight with other chicks from a very early age. So, it will be wise to keep them separate.

Otherwise they will fight to the death if given the chance. Asil chickens require more space to grow perfectly compared to other chicken breeds.

Despite being fighting birds, they are very friendly towards humans and can be tamed very easily. Asil chickens do not do well in a cold climate and they usually prefer dry conditions. Nowadays, pure breed Asil chickens are hard to find and they are rare birds now.


There are many varieties of Asil chickens available. Among all those varieties some popular chickens are Amroha, Bhaingam, Kilimooku, Kulang, Lasani, Madras, Mianwali, Reza, Sindhi etc.


Asil chickens have compact, extremely muscular bodies held in a distinctive upright position, and are much heavier than they appear. That’s why these chickens were used for cockfighting purpose in the ancient time. But now they are raised mainly as pets or as a hobby or just for ornamental purpose.

By the way, Asil chickens are very good for very high quality meat production (although, their growth rate is very slow). The Asil hens are not among the very good layers, but they sit well. Generally, a hen lay about 70 eggs per year.

Breed NameAsil
Other NameAlso spelled as Aseel or Asli
Breed PurposeOrnamental
Breed TemperamentAggressive, Friendly Towards Humans, Bears Confinement well, Easily Handled, Quite, Docile, Hens are Very Good and Protective Mothers
Breed SizeLarge Fowl
CombPea Comb
Climate ToleranceAll Climates
Egg ColorLight Brown
Egg SizeMedium
Egg ProductivityVery Low
Feathered LegsNo
RarityPure Breed Asil Chickens are Rare
VarietiesBlack, Black Breasted Red, Blue Breasted Red, Dark, Duckwing, Spangled and White
Country of OriginIndia

The Good

  • Beautiful game birds
  • Very friendly towards humans
  • Hens are good sitters and excellent protective mothers
  • Very intelligent
  • Very hardy
  • Roosters are very strong and protect the hens

The Bad

  • Aggressive
  • Will fight to death when many hens or roosters are kept together
  • Generally take long time to be mature
  • Asil hens are not good layers

Is Asil Chicken Good for You?

Yes, Asil chickens are good for you if you…….

  • Want to have some beautiful birds.
  • Are willing to raise some game birds.
  • Want to have a few chickens as pets.
  • Are looking for some intelligent and hardy chickens.
  • Need some chickens which are friendly towards humans.
  • Are looking for some protective mothers who can take care of the chicks perfectly.
  • Want to enhance the beauty of your backyard by keeping some beautiful chickens.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

There are lots of questions related to Asil chicken. It’s not possible for us to list all of those questions. However, here we are trying to list the common questions about this chicken breed and trying to answer them. Hope you will find answers of your questions. But if not, don’t hesitate to ask.

How to identify Asil chicken?

It’s actually very easy to identify an Asil chicken. These chickens have a long slender face that is not covered with a feather, their eyes are compact, neck is long, their tail is small, and their legs are straight and very strong.

How many eggs do Asil chickens lay?

An Asil hen may lay about 70 eggs per year. The eggs vary from cream-colored to brownish, and weigh approximately 40 grams.

Where do Asil chickens come from?

India. It is an ancient chicken breed of India.

Do Asil chickens lay eggs?

YES, definitely! An Asil hen may lay about 70 eggs per year. The eggs vary from cream-colored to brownish, and weigh approximately 40 grams.

Do Asil hens sit on eggs?

YES, they sit well!

How long does Asil chickens live?

Average lifespan of an Asil chicken is around 10 years.

Is Asil chicken good for meat?

YES, sure! Actually, Asil chickens are noted for their very high quality meat. Although, their growth rate is very slow.

What are Asil chickens used for?

Mainly exhibition purpose. They were used for cockfighting in the past. But now they are kept mainly as pet, as a hobby, and exhibition or ornamental purposes. They are also noted for producing very high quality meat.

At what age Asil hen start laying eggs?

An Asil hen start laying eggs when it reaches 5-6 months of age.

What do you feed an Asil chicken?

They are fed on regular foods just like most other chicken breeds. You can feed them barley, rice, maize, oats, millet, wheat, oilseeds, pulses, and different types of greens.

What breed of chicken is used for fighting?

Asil. It was a very popular breed in the past. But now, cockfighting is illegal in many states.

Do Asil hens go broody?

YES! And the hens sit well on eggs.

Is Asil chicken good for health?

YES! The Asil chicken’s meat is very healthy.

How many varieties of Asil are popular among Indian?

8 varieties. But among these, Yellow and Black varieties are most common.

What is the difference between Shamo and Asil?

Asil is a breed of thick feathered fighting chicken that originated in India, while Shamo is a breed of hard feathered cockfighting chicken that originatedd in Japan.

Is rooster fighting illegal in USA?

YES! Cockfighting is illegal in all 50 states of the Unites States. It is also illegal in the District of Columbia, but remains legal in Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands, Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands.

What is the best Asil breed?

The most popular varieties of Asil are Reza (light red), Teekar (brown), Chitta (black and white silver), Kagar (black), and Peela (golden-red).

How much do fighting roosters cost?

A good English fighter rooster may cost anywhere from $50 to $100, whereas the price of a show or exhibition rooster may go up to $800.

What is the difference between Asil and Aseel?

No difference! The difference is only in spelling. Some people spell it as “Asil”, while others spell as “Aseel”. But most common spelling of this breed is “Asil”. Asil chicken (also spelled Aseel or Asli) is an ancient breed of chicken from India.

Which is the biggest Asil breed?

The males are generally larger than the females. Some males can reach about 4 kg of body weight.

How much a Asil chicken price?

Vary from place to place. But these birds are generally sold for $10 to $100. And price of the exhibition rooster can go up to few hundred dollars.

Do you have Asil chicken for sale?

Right now we don’t have this breed for sale. Please search any of your local chicken breeder.

How many Asil chicken colors?

Many color varieties of Asil chicken available. Among these colors, yellow and black is most popular and common.

How to identify pure Asil?

It’s actually very easy to identify an Asil chicken. These chickens have a long slender face that is not covered with a feather, their eyes are compact, neck is long, their tail is small, and their legs are straight and very strong.

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