Red Sindhi Cattle: Characteristics, Origin, Uses

The Red Sindhi cattle is the most common and popular of all Zebu dairy cattle breeds. It is also known by some other names such as Red Rarachi, Malir and simply as Sindhi.

The breed was originated in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Currently, it is widely kept for milk production across Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and also in some other countries.

The breed was originated in Hyderabad, Pakistan and Bikaner, India. The breed has been used for crossbreeding with temperate origin dairy cattle breeds in many countries to combine their tropical adaptations (heat tolerance, tick resistance, disease resistance, fertility at higher temperatures, etc.) with the higher milk production found in temperate regions.[1]

These animals have been crossed with Jerseys in many places, including India, Australia, Sri Lanka and the United States.

They have also been crossed with Holstein Friesian, Brown Swiss and Danish Red cattle. The breed has also been used for improving beef and dual purpose cattle in many tropical countries, as it is sufficiently meaty to produce good beef calves in such crosses and the high milk production helps give a fast-growing calf which is ready for market at one year.

The Red Sindhi cattle breed is somewhat smaller than the very similar Sahiwal and it produces a little less milk per animal as a result.

Red Sindhi Cattle Characteristics

The Red Sindhi cattle are medium sized animals, and they are very beautiful in appearance. They range in color from a deep reddish brown to a yellowish red, but most commonly deep red. The bulls are generally of a darker color than the cows.

The breed is easily distinguishable from the other dairy breed of Sindh, the Tharparkar or White Sindhi, both by color. And the Red Sindhi is smaller, rounder, with a more typical dairy form, and with short, curved horns, while the Tharparker is taller with a shape more typical of Zebu draft breeds, and with longer, lyre shaped horns.

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Skin color of these animals is brick red. And both bulls and cows have lyre shaped horns.

As a medium sized breed, average live body weight of the mature bulls is around 530 kg. And average live body weight of the mature cows is around 325 kg.

Uses

The Red Sindhi cattle are raised mainly as a dairy cattle breed in India. But in other countries, it is also raised for meat.

Special Notes

The Red Sindhi cattle are very hardy and strong animals. They are well adapted to their local climates, and also do well in some other environment. That’s why, today they are widely available throughout the world.

The cows are pretty good milkers. But the breed is not raised commercially, because they don’t produce much milk like the commercial breeds.

Some Red Sindhi cows were imported to the Brazil in the middle of the 20th Century. And the breed is also used for milk production in Brazil, but this race of Zebu is not popular as others.

Today, the breed is available throughout the world, and raised for both meat and milk production. However, review full breed profile of Red Sindhi cattle in the table below.

Breed NameRed Sindhi
Other NamesAlso known by some other names such as Red Karachi, Sindhi, Malir
Breed PurposeMainly milk, but also raised for meat in some countries
Special NotesGood behavior and temperament, known for their hardiness and their ability to convert grass into milk efficiently, able to adapt a wide variety of climates, very good for milk production, milk is of good quality, the breed is also good for meat, good for draft purposes, available worldwide
Breed SizeMedium
BullsAround 530 kg
CowsAround 325 kg
Climate ToleranceAll climates
Coat ColorGenerally red-brown
HornedYes
Milk YieldGood
RarityCommon
Country/Place of OriginIndia, Pakistan
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Frequently Asked Questions

People ask many questions about Red Sindhi cattle. Here we are listing the most common questions about this beautiful cattle breed, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

Is Red Sindhi cow farming profitable?

Yes, raising these cattle is a very profitable business. You can start this business commercially for making money.

How to start Red Sindhi cow farming business?

Starting a commercial Red Sindhi cow farming is a very easy and profitable business. You can easily start this business even if you are a beginner. First of all, you have to select a very good location for your farm, then make a good house for your animals, feed them good quality food and always try to take good care of them.

What is the origin of Red Sindhi cow?

The breed was originated in the Sindh province of Pakistan. Currently, it is widely kept for milk production across Bangladesh, India, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, and also in some other countries. The breed is spread into many countries around the world mainly due to it’s hardiness, heat resistance and high milk yields.

How can you tell Red Sindhi?

Actually, it’s very easy to identify a Red Sindhi cattle. Generally, the Red Sindhi is a smaller, rounder, with a more typical dairy form, and with short, curved horns. And as the name suggests, main color of this breed is red.

What is the price of Red Sindhi cow?

Exact price of a Red Sindhi cow vary depending on numerous factors. Generally, you can expect the price around ₹30,000.

Which breed is Red Sindhi?

Red Sindhi is a very common and popular breed of cattle. It was originated in the Sindh province of Pakistan, and the breed is widely kept for milk production across Pakistan, India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and other countries.

Where is the Red Sindhi found in India?

The Red Sindhi cattle breed was originated in Karachi and Hyderabad (Pakistan) regions of undivided India. Today, the breed is found throughout the country and also available in some other countries around the world.

How much milk does a Red Sindhi cow produce?

Milk yield of a Red Sindhi cow ranges from 1250 kg to 1800 per lactation. Although, exact amount can vary from place to place and depends on numerous factors.

Is Red Sindhi a cross breed?

No, Red Sindhi is not a cross breed. It is a original cattle breed which is very popular for it’s good milk production.

How much milk does a Red Sindhi cow produce per day?

Generally, a Red Sindhi cow can produce around or up to 12 liters of milk per day.

What are the characteristics of a Red Sindhi cow?

The Red Sindhi cattle are medium sized animals, and they are very beautiful in appearance. They range in color from a deep reddish brown to a yellowish red, but most commonly deep red. The bulls are generally of a darker color than the cows. The breed is easily distinguishable from the other dairy breed of Sindh, the Tharparkar or White Sindhi, both by color. And the Red Sindhi is smaller, rounder, with a more typical dairy form, and with short, curved horns, while the Tharparker is taller with a shape more typical of Zebu draft breeds, and with longer, lyre shaped horns. Skin color of these animals is brick red. And both bulls and cows have lyre shaped horns. As a medium sized breed, average live body weight of the mature bulls is around 530 kg. And average live body weight of the mature cows is around 325 kg.

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