The Rathi cattle is an important breed of cattle indigenous to India. It is a milk cattle breed and primarily used for milk production and for draft purposes. The breed is pretty popular in it’s native area.
Rathi cattle are a Bos indicus breed originated from Bikaner, Ganganagar and Hanumangarh districts in northwest Rajasthan, India. It is a very important dual purpose breed of cattle of India which is well known for it’s milking and draught prowess.
The breed is locally known to have two variants, which are Rathi and Rath. The Rathi cattle are a draft breed, and the Rath is a pure milk producing variant.
The Rath cattle were domesticated by Rath tribe and the variant originated in the Alwar district of Rajasthan. White skin with black or grey spots are the main characteristics of the Rath cattle.
While the Rathi cattle are usually of brown color. The Rathi and Rath are two completely separate breed. The Rathi cattle originated from the Sahiwal and Tharparkar cattle breeds.
Currently the breed is available throughout Rajasthan and some other parts of India. Read more information about this cattle breed below.
Rathi Cattle Characteristics
The Rathi cattle are medium sized animal which are usually brown in color with white patches all over the body. Although they are also found in completely brown or black coat with white patches.
Their lower body parts are usually lighter in color as compared to the rest of their body.
They have medium sized horns, and their horns are curving outward, upward and inward. Their face is broad between eyes and slightly dished. They have long tail, and the dewlap is fine and loose. Average body weight for bulls is 350-400 kg and cow is 280-300 kg. Photo and info from Wikipedia.
Making a good housing facility or shelter is very important for raising cattle. Fortunately, housing requirements of these cattle is very simple. They will be happy if you can arrange the basic housing requirements for them. Try to keep the house dry and clean it on a regular basis.
Food requirements of these animals are simple. Although, feeding them with good quality and nutritious food will help them to stay healthy and happy. So, try to feed them with good quality food.
The Rathi cattle are naturally very good breeders. They will breed easily without human intervention if you keep just one bull in your herd.
Rathi is a very strong and hardy cattle breed. These animals generally require less caring and other management. Although, taking additional caring will help them to stay healthy, active and productive. Arrange a good shelter for them, feed them good quality and nutritious food, and always try to monitor their health on a regular basis. And keep good contact with a vet, so that you can call him/her during emergencies.
Rathi cattle are dual purpose animals. They are used for both milk production and for draft purposes.
Rathi cattle are very hardy animals. The eco system in it’s native tract is fragile and the lands are less fertile with very low productivity. Chilly winter, dry monsoon, dust storms and scorching summer are the characteristics of the region.
However, these animals are well adapted to this area and can produce well in this environment. The cows are efficient and good milk producers.
On average the cows can produce about 1560 kg of milk per lactation. Although their milk production can vary from 1000 to 3000 kg. Review full breed profile of this breed in the following table.
|Breed Purpose||Milk, draft|
|Special Notes||Very hardy and strong, well adapted to it’s native environment|
|Milk Production||Vary from 1000 to 3000 kg (average 1560 kg)|
|Climate Tolerance||All Climates|
|Coat Color||Mainly brown with white patches all over the body|
|Country/Place of Origin||India|
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)
Rathi is a very beautiful breed of domestic cow from India. It is a very hardy breed and known for it’s high quality milk. The breed is pretty popular in it’s native area. However, some people ask many question about this cattle breed. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about this breed of domestic cattle, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.
Where is the Rathi breed cows found in Rajasthan?
They are especially found in Loonkaransar tehsil of Bikaner distric.
Is Rathi cow milk good for health?
Yes, Rathi cow milk is A2 milk, and very good for health. A2 Milk, known as an alternate medicine, constitutes the A2 Beta casein protein which doubles the disease-fighting antioxidant Glutathione (GSH) in the body.
How much milk does a Rathi cow give per day?
On an average, a Rathi cow can give 5-10 kg milk per day with lactation milk yield ranging from 1500-3000 Kg.
How much does a Rathi cow cost?
Average price of a Rathi cow is between $500 and $1000. Although, exact price can vary from place to place.
What is Rathi cow milk fat percentage?
Average fat content in Rathi cow milk is between 4.4% and 9%.
Where the Rathi cattle originated from?
The Rathi breed of cattle originated in Bikaner and Ganganagar in northwest Rajasthan, India.
What is Rathi cattle color?
Mainly brown with white patches all over the body.
What is so special about Rathi cattle?
They are very hardy and strong, well adapted to their native environment, produce very good quality milk.
How long do Rathi cattle live?
Average lifespan of the Rathi cattle is between 12 and 15 years.
How much do Rathi cattle weight?
Average body weight for bulls is 350-400 kg and cow is 280-300 kg.
What are the characteristics of Rathi cattle?
These cattle are usually brown with white patches all over the body, but animals having completely brown or black coat with white patches are also seen. They are medium in size and their lower body parts are usually lighter in color as compared to the rest of their body. Their horn is of medium size which are curved outward, upward and inward. Their face is broad between eyes and slightly dished. They have long tail, and the dewlap is fine and loose.
1 thought on “Rathi Cattle Characteristics, Origin, Uses”
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