Hariana Cattle Characteristics, Uses, Color & Origin

The Hariana cattle (also spelled Haryana) is a breed of dairy cattle which is raised mainly for milk production purpose in it’s native area. It is also known as Hisar, Hansi and Haryanvi cattle.

The breed was originated from India. And it is native to North India. It is a very hardy and disease resistant breed and well adapted to the conditions of North India.

The breed is mainly found in Haryana and eastern Punjab. And it is one of the 75 known breeds of Zebu cattle.

Zebu is actually split about evenly between African and South Asian cattle breeds. The Zebu cattle are thought to be derived from Asian aurochs, sometimes regarded as a subspecies, Bos primigenius namadicus.

And the wild Asian aurochs disappeared during the time of the Indus Valley Civilisation from its range in the Indus River basin and other parts of South Asia possibly due to interbreeding with domestic zebu and resultant fragmentation of wild populations due to loss of habitat.

The Hariana cattle is the native of Rohtak, Karnal, Kurukshetra, Jind, Hissar, and Gurugram districts in the state of Haryana. The cattle are of medium to large size, and are generally of white to gray shades in color.[1]

Hariana Cattle Characteristics

The Hariana cattle are very beautiful animals with white or light grey coloration. They have coffin shaped skull. The bull’s color in between fore and hind quarters is relatively dark or dark grey.

These animals have long and narrow face, well-marked bony prominence at the center of poll and small horns.

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The Hariana is a medium sized cattle breed. Average height of the bulls is between 132 and 155 cm at the withers, and between 127 and 140 cm for the females.

Average live body weight of the mature bulls is around 430 kg. And the mature cows on average weight around 310 kg.


The Hariana cattle are mainly raised as a dairy cattle breed, and used mainly for milk production in it’s native area. But the bulls are also very good at work. So we can call it a dual-purpose breed. It is an important dual-purpose, milch and draught cattle breed of India.

Special Notes

The Hariana cattle are very strong and hardy animals. They are highly disease resistant and well adapted to the local conditions of North India.

The cows are very good for milk production. And their milk is of very good quality. Generally, a cow can produce about 10 to 15 liters of milk daily.

The breed is mainly maintained for bullock production as they are powerful work animals and therefore more attention is paid in managing male calves.

The Hariana cattle are important Zebu cattle breed. Review full breed profile of this breed in the chart below.

Breed NameHariana
Other NamesAlso known as Hisar, Hansi and Haryanvi cattle
Breed PurposeMainly milk, but also raised as draft animals for work
Special NotesGood behavior and temperament, known for their hardiness and their ability to convert grass into milk efficiently, able to adapt a wide variety of climates, very good for milk production, milk is of good quality, the breed is also good for draft purposes, available throughout India
Breed SizeMedium
BullsAround 430 kg
CowsAround 310 kg
Climate ToleranceAll climates
Coat ColorGenerally white or light grey
Milk YieldGood
Country/Place of OriginIndia

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