Jersey Cattle Characteristics, Uses & Origin

The Jersey cattle are relatively a small breed of dairy cattle which are raised primarily for milk production. It is originally bred in the Channel Island of Jersey.

The breed is popular and famous for high milk production and also for the high butterfat of their milk. The breed was apparently descended from the cattle stock brought over from the nearby Norman mainland, and it was first recorded as a separate breed around 1700.

It was isolated from outside influence for over two hundred years (actually from 1789 to 2008). Currently the breed is raised mainly for milk production and raised as a dairy cattle breed throughout the world. Read more info about the breed below.


The Jersey cattle are relatively a smaller sized dairy cattle breed. Their body color is usually slightly red, deep brown or mixed. They have relatively long sized head, and they usually have no hunchback.

Tail of the Jersey cattle is of black color and as a dairy breed their udder is usually big. Both bulls and cows usually have horns. Their horns are usually thin and curved.

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Average live body weight of the mature Jersey cows vary from 400 to 500 kg. And the mature bulls on average weight between 540 and 820 kg. Photo and info from Wikipedia.


The Jersey cattle are mainly a dairy cattle breed. They are raised primarily for milk production.

Special Notes

The Jersey cattle are very docile in temperament. They are noted for lower maintenance and also for superior grazing ability. The breed is also noted for easy calving. The calf is relatively small in size when they born.

They grow relatively faster and contain low fat in their body. The Jersey cows are excellent milk producers. And on an average the cows can produce 3500-4500 kg of milk per year.

Their milk is of very good quality containing about 5 percent of butterfat content. However, review full breed profile of the Jersey cattle in the following chart.

Breed NameJersey
Other NameJersey
Breed PurposeMilk
Special NotesWell adapted to almost all climates, good for milk production, able to withstand extreme variations in temperature, fertile, ease of calving, long life, good quality milk, docile temperament
Breed SizeSmall to medium
Bull’s Weight540-820 kg
Cow’s 400-500 kg
Climate ToleranceAll climates
Coat ColorSlightly red, deep brown or mixed
Milk YieldVery good
Country/Place of OriginJersey

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