Jersey Cattle – Characteristics, Origin, Price, Uses

The Jersey cattle are relatively a small breed of dairy cattle which are raised primarily for milk production. It is originally bred in the Channel Island of Jersey.

The breed is popular and famous for high milk production and also for the high butterfat of their milk. The breed was apparently descended from the cattle stock brought over from the nearby Norman mainland, and it was first recorded as a separate breed around 1700.

It was isolated from outside influence for over two hundred years (actually from 1789 to 2008). Currently the breed is raised mainly for milk production and raised as a dairy cattle breed throughout the world.

Today, Jersey is among the most popular dairy cattle breed in the world. They are popular mainly because of their feed to milk conversion ratio and also for the quality of milk. Read more information about this popular dairy cattle breed below.

Origin And History Of Jersey Cattle

Jersey is a popular cattle breed in many countries around the world. It is a dairy cattle breed which was originally bred in the Channel Island of Jersey. These cows are known for their small size, gentle nature, and the beautiful light brown color of their coats.

The history of Jersey cattle goes back a long time (to around 1763 when they were first recorded on the island). People started breeding them carefully to keep their good qualities, such as their milk production and friendly temperament. Today, the breed is not only popular in it’s native area, but also in other parts of the world (like the United States and Canada).

jersey cow, jersey cattle, jersey cow picture, jersey cow photo

Characteristics

The Jersey cattle are relatively a smaller sized dairy cattle breed. Their body color is usually slightly red, deep brown or mixed. They have relatively long sized head, and they usually have no hunchback.

Tail of the Jersey cattle is of black color and as a dairy breed their udder is usually big. Both bulls and cows usually have horns. Their horns are usually thin and curved.

Average live body weight of the mature Jersey cows vary from 400 to 500 kg. And the mature bulls on average weight between 540 and 820 kg.

Housing Requirements

A good, secure and comfortable housing system for your animals is very important for raising the Jersey cattle. A good cattle housing system will help to keep your animals healthy and secure from adverse weather conditions and harmful predators. Ensure good ventilation system and also ensure flow of sufficient amount of air and light inside the house.

Dietary Requirements

Feeding the animals with very good quality and nutritious food is the most important part of successful dairy cow farming business. So, try to feed your cattle with very good quality and nutritious food. As the Jersey is a dairy cattle, so it requires more greens in it’s diet for better milk production. Also provide them with adequate clean and fresh drinking water as per their demand.

jersey cow, jersey cattle, jersey cow picture, jersey cow photo

Breeding/Reproduction

Like many other domestic cattle breeds, the Jersey cattle are naturally very good breeders. They will breed easily without human intervention if you keep just one bull in your herd.

Health Management

Jersey cattle are generally healthy and active animals. Taking good care of their health is very important to keep them healthy, happy and productive. Always ensure they have clean water and good food to eat every day. Their diet should include plenty of grass, hay, and sometimes special feed to keep them healthy.

Perform regular health check-ups with a veterinarian. Timely vaccinations can help to prevent diseases and other health problems, and routine grooming keeps their coats clean and free from pests. Always try to provide them with a comfortable and clean living environment.

Hardiness

Jersey cattle are known for their hardiness and adaptability to many different climatic conditions. And this trait has made them a popular dairy cattle breed. Actually, their ability to thrive in different places makes them popular on farms worldwide.

Their comparatively smaller size also contributes to their hardiness. They are resilient animals, and they are able to withstand challenges like changes in weather or fluctuations in food availability (and this hardiness makes them valued assets for farmers).

jersey cow, jersey cattle, jersey cow picture, jersey cow photo

Behavior/Temperament

Jersey cattle are known for their friendly behavior and gentle nature. They are generally calm and very easy to handle. Thats why they are very popular among farmers and families in many countries throughout the world. These cattle are also known for their intelligence and they can learn routines quickly.

Caring

Along with good and nutritious feeding, taking good care of the animals is also very important. So, try to take good care of them and also try to monitor their health on a regular basis. And keep good contact with a vet, so that you can call him/her during emergencies.

Lifespan

Average lifespan of these cattle is around 10 to 12 years. But some animals can also live longer with proper care.

Uses

The Jersey cattle are mainly a dairy cattle breed. They are raised primarily for milk production.

Popularity And Price

Jersey is a popular cattle breed in many countries around the world. The breed is popular mainly due to it’s gentle nature, adaptability to various climatic conditions, and also for high-quality milk production. Exact price of these cattle can vary from place to place. Please visit some of your nearest breeders or farmers to know more about it’s current price.

jersey cow, jersey cattle, jersey cow picture, jersey cow photo

Pros And Cons Of Jersey Cattle

Like many other cattle breeds, the Jersey cattle also has some advantages and disadvantages. Here we are trying to list the notable pros and cons of Jersey cattle.

Pros:

  • High milk production
  • Gentle temperament
  • Adaptability to various climates and environmental conditions
  • Efficient feed to milk conversion ratio
  • Small size
  • High fertility

Cons:

  • Heat sensitivity
  • Higher fat content
  • Susceptibility to mastitis
  • Potential for obesity
  • Initial cost is high

Special Notes

The Jersey cattle are very docile in temperament. They are noted for lower maintenance and also for superior grazing ability. The breed is also noted for easy calving. The calf is relatively small in size when they born.

They grow relatively faster and contain low fat in their body. The Jersey cows are excellent milk producers. And on an average the cows can produce 3500-4500 kg of milk per year.

Their milk is of very good quality containing about 5 percent of butterfat content. However, review full breed profile of the Jersey cattle in the following chart.

Breed NameJersey
Other NameJersey
Breed PurposeMilk
Special NotesWell adapted to almost all climates, good for milk production, able to withstand extreme variations in temperature, fertile, ease of calving, long life, good quality milk, docile temperament
Breed SizeSmall to medium
Bull’s Weight540-820 kg
Cow’s 400-500 kg
Climate ToleranceAll climates
Coat ColorSlightly red, deep brown or mixed
HornedYes
Milk YieldVery good
RarityCommon
Country/Place of OriginJersey
jersey cow, jersey cattle, jersey cow picture, jersey cow photo

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

People ask many questions about Jersey cattle. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about this popular cattle breed, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

What is so special about Jersey cows?

The Jersey cows are highly milk productive. They produce good amount of milk by consuming less food than many other cattle breeds. So, they are more cost-effective than most other breeds. Milk of the Jersey cows is also of substantially higher quality.

Are Jersey cows for milk or meat?

Jersey is actually a dairy cattle breed, and it is known for it’s high milk production.

What is the scientific name of Jersey cattle?

Bos taurus taurus is the scientific name of Jersey cattle.

Do Jersey cows have to be milked?

Yes, but only if they have milk in their udders.

Can you milk a Jersey cow?

Sure! Actually Jersey is a highly milk productive dairy cow.

How much does a Jersey cost?

Average cost of a mature Jersey cow can vary from $1000 to $3000. Although exact price can vary from place to place, and the price also vary depending on whether you buy a heifer or a bull.

What is the lifespan of a Jersey cow?

Average lifespan of a Jersey cow is between 18 and 22 years.

Do Jersey cows need shelter?

Yes, definitely! Like many other domestic animals, the Jersey cattle also require food, shelter and water. A good and secure house helps to keep the animals healthy and safe from adverse weather conditions and harmful predators.

Are Jersey cows low maintenance?

Yes, Jersey cows require less maintenance than many other cow breeds.

How many calves can a Jersey cow have?

One calf per kidding.

How long will a Jersey cow produce milk?

Most of the Jersey cows produce milk for 2.5 to 4 years from the time of their calving.

How much land do you need for a Jersey cow?

Generally, you can have 1-2 cows per acre.

Are Jersey cows profitable?

Yes, keeping Jersey cows for milk is very profitable. Actually, Jersey is the most profitable cow breed for today’s dairy business. They consume less food and produce milk highly than any other dairy cattle breeds.

Is Jersey cow milk A1 or A2?

A2. All cows produce at least some A2 β-casein, but certain breeds have predominantly A2 in their milk.

How much hay will a Jersey cow eat?

A Jersey cow with 1,000 pound body weight would need 20-25 pounds of hay daily.

How many times a day do you milk a Jersey cow?

You have to milk a Jersey cow twice a day.

Are Jersey cows friendly?

Yes, they are very friendly.

What do you feed Jersey cows?

You can feed them grains, hay, grasses, vegetables and other greens whatever you used to feed other cattle. Jersey is a dairy cattle breed, and it requires lots of greens in their diet for good milk production.

Do Jersey cows always produce milk?

Yes, as long as they have calves. But remember, all cows provide milk, but they don’t constantly produce it.

How cold can Jersey cows tolerate?

The Jersey cows can thrive comfortably in temperatures as low as 18°C.

How many liters of milk does a Jersey cow give?

A Jersey cow can give between 30 to 35 liters of milk per day.

What is the best milk in the world?

New Zealand’s grass-fed cows produce some of the world’s best quality milk.

Why is Jersey milk so special?

Jersey milk is unique in many ways. Milk from these cows contains more protein, more calcium, and more butterfat than other average cow’s milk.

What color are Jersey cows?

The color of the Jersey cattle is usually a shade of fawn or cream, but darker shades are common.

What are the main physical characteristics of Jersey cattle?

The Jersey cattle are relatively a smaller sized dairy cattle breed. Their body color is usually slightly red, deep brown or mixed. They have relatively long sized head, and they usually have no hunchback. Tail of the Jersey cattle is of black color and as a dairy breed their udder is usually big. Both bulls and cows usually have horns. Their horns are usually thin and curved. Average live body weight of the mature Jersey cows vary from 400 to 500 kg. And the mature bulls on average weight between 540 and 820 kg.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top