Surti Buffalo Characteristics, Feeding, Origin, Uses

The Surti buffalo is a breed of water buffalo which is found in the Charottar tract of Gujarat, India.

It is actually found between the Mahi and Sabarmati rivers. The best animals of this breed are found in Anand, Baroda and Kaira districts of Gujarat.

It is also known by many other different names such as Surati, Gujarati, Nadiadi, Talabda, Charotar and Deccani. However, read some more information about this buffalo breed below.

Surti Buffalo Physical Characteristics

The Surti buffalo is a medium sized animal with rusty brown or silver-grey body color. The head of these animal is fairly broad and long with convex shape at the top in between horns.

The horns are of sickle-shaped and flat. The horns grow in a downward and backward direction and then upwards at the tip forming a hook.

Their skin color is either brown or black. The back of these animal is unique and straight. Some good animals have two white collars.

The females have well developed, squarely placed between the hind legs and finely shaped udder.

Average body height of the mature Surti buffalo is around 130 cm at the withers for males and around 125 cm for the females.

Average live body weight of the mature males is around 500 kg, and around 400 kg for females. Photo and info from Wikipedia.

Uses

The Surti buffalo is a dairy buffalo breed. It is raised mainly for milk production purpose.

Special Notes

The Surti buffaloes are well adapted and generally do very well in their local environment. They are seasonal breeders and their first calving age is between 45 and 47 months.

They are mainly used for milk production purpose. The females produce between 1500 and 1600 kg of milk in their first lactation.

But milk production increases after the first lactation. From second lactation they are able to produce up to 1900-2000 kg of milk.

Generally calving interval of the Surti buffalo is between 400 and 425 days.

Milk of the Surti buffalo is of very good quality containing about 7-7.5 percent fat. However, review full breed profile of the Surti buffalo in the table below.

Breed NameSurti
Other NameAlso known as Surati, Gujarati, Nadiadi, Talabda, Charotar and Deccani
Breed PurposeMilk
Special NotesWell adapted and generally do very well in their local environment, seasonal breeders, first calving age is between 45 and 47 months, used mainly for milk production, milk is of good quality containing about 7-7.5 percent fat
Breed SizeMedium
BullsAround 500 kg
CowsAround 400 kg
Climate ToleranceNative climates
ColorRusty brown or silver-grey
RarityCommon
Country/Place of OriginIndia

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