Nigerian dwarf goat farming is popular and common throughout the world. The breed is found and popular around the world and it is a multi-purpose dwarf goat breed. It is very good for meat production and also good for milk production. Actually the Nigerian dwarf goat is considered as the best miniature dairy goat breed.
Along with good milk and meat production abilities, the Nigerian dwarf goats are also very good for raising as pets. Compared to the body size of the Nigerian dwarf goats, they are highly milk productive than the regular sized breeds.
They are excellent as pets, mainly because of their easy maintenance and small stature. Commercial Nigerian dwarf goat farming is also popular in some countries, because these goats are excellent for both meat and milk production.
How to Start Nigerian Dwarf Goat Farming
Starting Nigerian dwarf goat farming business is just like starting a goat farming business with any other goat breeds. The Nigerian dwarf goats are smaller sized animals and it’s actually very easy to take care of them. That’s why starting Nigerian dwarf goat farming business is very easy. Here we are shortly describing about everything for starting Nigerian dwarf goat farming business.
First of all, you have to purchase very good quality, healthy and disease free animals from any of your nearest livestock market or existing farms. You can also consider searching your local online classified websites.
The Nigerian dwarf goats are not picky about their shelter. But arranging a clean and dry house for them will be good. Raised house (which are made above from the ground) is considered good for Nigerian dwarf goat farming business.
Try to build the house in such a way so that you can easily clean the house. Ensure good ventilation system and flow of sufficient fresh air and adequate light inside the house.
As a miniature goat breed, a Nigerian dwarf goat will require around 10 square feet space. But you will need a separate playing space if you are willing to raise your goats in stall fed system.
Feeding the goats with enough nutritious food is the most important part of Nigerian dwarf goat farming business. So always try to feed your goats with enough nutritious foods. Feed them some grains daily and provide them with greens as per their demand.
Vitamins and minerals are also essential for Nigerian dwarf goats. Consult a vet in your area for better recommendation. And always try to provide your goats with enough fresh and clean water as per their demand.
The Nigerian dwarf goats are excellent breeders and they can breed year-round (they have no specific breeding season). After successful breeding, their gestation period stays for about 145 days to 153 days. And on an average, a doe can give birth to 2-4 kids per kidding. The bucks generally become mature within 7 months and the does become mature within their 7-8 months of age.
The Nigerian dwarf goats are very strong and hardy animals, and they generally require less caring. Although taking additional care will help them to grow better and stay healthy. De-worm and vaccinate them timely and keep good contact with a vet.
Meat and milk of Nigerian dwarf goat are of very good quality. And both have very good demand and value in the market. Probably you will be able to easily sell the products in your local market. Although, you should set your marketing strategies before starting this business.
These are the common steps for starting and operating a successful Nigerian dwarf goat farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!