Shamo chicken farming is popular in Asia, especially in Japan and some other neighboring countries. It is an ornamental chicken breed and raised mainly for ornamental purpose. It was also once raised for cock fighting purpose.
The Shamo chicken is actually a hard feathered Asiatic Game chicken breed originating in Japan. Although the breed was developed in Japan, but it’s ancestors came from Thailand (which was known as Siam) between 17th and 19th Centuries.
The Shamo chicken breed was developed mainly for using as a fighting bird. And it was imported into many countries mainly for cock fighting purpose. There are actually many different kinds of Japanese Game chickens available, but currently the Shamo chickens are best known.
When creating the Shamo chicken breed, breeders looked to the strength and endurance of these original breeds. The Shamos have been selectively bred for hundred years and now it is very different from the original stock.
The Shamo chicken is actually a strain of the Asil chicken, which was take to Thailand and Taiwan and from there to Japan. The real origin place of Shamo chicken is Sindh, Pakistan. And secondary origin place is India. And the Shamo chicken can be found in different variety of colors and sizes in different regions of Japan.
The Japanese government placed the bird under protection of low in 1941, in hopes of avoiding the extinction of Shamo chicken. Today the breed is available in many countries and raised mainly for ornamental purpose. Because cock fighting is illegal in many countries.
However, commercial Shamo chicken farming can be a good and profitable business if you can market the ornamental birds easily in your area. The ornamental birds are generally sold at very high price in the market. So you will probably be able to make good profit from commercial Shamo chicken farming business.
How to Start Shamo Chicken Farming
The Shamo chickens are very strong and hardy birds, as compared to many other domestic chicken breeds. So starting commercial Shamo chicken farming business will be relatively easy. Here we are trying to describe more information about starting and operating a successful Shamo chicken farming business from purchasing birds to caring and marketing.
First of all, you have to purchase very good quality, healthy, active and disease free birds for starting commercial Shamo chicken farming business. Purchasing good quality birds is very important, because good quality birds ensure good production and maximum profits.
You can purchase either day old chicks or mature birds depending on the price and availability in your area. The mature birds are generally costly, but the day old chicks are much cheaper. So we recommend starting with day old chicks.
You can purchase the chicks from any of your local poultry chick suppliers, chicken breeding centers or any existing Shamo chicken farms. Just ensure that the chicks are healthy and active. You can also search your local online classified websites.
Making a good, comfortable and secure housing system for your chickens is very important. Because a good house not only helps to keep your birds healthy, but also helps them to stay free from all types of predators and adverse weather conditions.
The type of the house can be any depending on the price and availability of materials in your area. The house can be of full concrete setup or it can be made of easily available and low cost materials such as bamboo or woods. Just ensure that the house is secure and comfortable enough for your chickens.
Install good ventilation system while building the house. Good ventilation system is a must, because it helps to reduce harmful gases from inside the house and keeps your birds healthy.
Make the house in such a way so that you can easily clean the house. And ensure flow of sufficient amount of fresh air and light inside the house. The Shamo chickens are large in size and as they are ornamental birds, so arranging up to 10 square feet of housing space per bird will be good.
Feeding the birds with very good quality, healthy and nutritious food is the most important part of Shamo chicken farming business. Good food not only helps the birds to stay healthy, but also helps them to grow better and produce better quality products.
You can feed your chickens either with ready-made/commercial poultry feeds or game chicken feeds depending on the availability in your area. You can also prepare the feeds of your own. Just ensure that the food is good and nutritious for your chickens.
Never feed your chickens with contaminated feeds. And always try to provide them with enough clean and fresh drinking water as per their demand.
The Shamo chickens are good for raising in both confinement and free range system. But raising them in free range system will help you to reduce feeding costs, and at the same time it will improve the quality of the products.
Like many other domestic chicken breeds, the Shamo chickens are also naturally very good breeders. They will breed easily and produce fertile eggs for hatching if you keep good ratio of hens and roosters in your flock. Generally one healthy rooster is enough for breeding around or up to 10 hens. The hens go broody and they are excellent mothers.
The Shamo chickens are very strong and hardy, and they generally require less caring and other management. But taking additional caring will help the birds to grow better and produce more.
Monitor your bird’s health on a regular basis for any signs of diseases or illness, and take necessary steps if you notice anything uncommon. Vaccinate them timely and always try to keep good contact with a vet in your area.
Marketing chicken products (such as meat and eggs) is not a problem. Because both meat and eggs have very good demand and value in the market. But the market of ornamental birds can be different. So you have to determine your marketing strategies before starting this business.
These are the steps for Shamo chicken farming business. These birds are very strong and hardy, and even the beginners can raise them. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!