How To Build A Poultry House (Guide For Beginners)

Housing is very important factor for poultry farming and how to build a poultry house is a common question for the producers. Basically the poultry housing is the main process of keeping your birds healthy, fast growing and producing the maximum.

You have to make proper poultry housing plans such as before starting poultry farming business or making a poultry house.

Whether you start a commercial or small scale poultry production, good shelter or housing facility is a must for keeping your birds safe and happy.

For small scale poultry production, you can build the house without spending much money. You can make the walls of earth with wooden posts or with clay bricks. The roof can be made using straw or with big leaves, or even with old sheet iron.

But for commercial or large scale production, the house or shelter must have to have all required facilities for the birds. Some people also prefer keeping their birds on cages.

However, if you are looking for information about how to build a poultry house, then you are in the right place. Here we are trying to describe more information about building a good house for your poultry birds.

How to Build a Poultry House

Making a suitable house for the poultry birds is very easy and simple, especially if you are going to build the house for a few birds. But you have to hire an expert if you want to start commercial poultry farming business. Here we are shortly describing about the steps for building a poultry house.

Choose A Good Place

First of all, choose a suitable place for building your poultry house or chicken coop. The selected land must have to be free from all types of noises and pollution.

It will be better if the selected land become far from the residential area.

But if you are willing to raise only a few birds, then you can build the house at any corner of your home.

Just ensure that the place is calm, quiet and free from predators.

Determine The Type

There are many ways of making a poultry house. So, you have to choose the proper method on how you will build a poultry house.

You have to make a proper and affordable poultry housing design first to become successful in chicken farming.

You can either make a simple house or a modern house with high-end facilities.

For small scale production, we recommend building a floor based house with basic facilities.

But for commercial production, consult with an expert. Today, there are some companies available which provide complete poultry house construction service.

Some types of poultry houses are brooder or chick house, grower house, brooder cum grower house, layer house, broiler house, breeder house environmentally controlled house etc.

Required Facilities

Before making chicken coop, you have to keep in mind about some important factors. And these factors include well ventilation service, free from predators or enemies, sufficient health facilities etc.

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Be sure all these facilities are fully available in your designed poultry house.

For successful poultry farming the chicken coop should contain some necessary facilities like it will be well ventilated, sufficient flow of air and sunlight will be available inside the poultry house. It would be better, if the house become south faced. The house must have to be free from harmful animals and birds.

Make Room For New Birds

Keep the new chickens and the hen for sale separated from each other. The hen for sale should kept in another house.

Required Space

Before making houses for poultry birds, keep in mind that every broiler chicken needs around 2 square feet space inside the house. And a layer bird requires around 4 to 5 square feet place.

Suppose you have decided to make a poultry house for 1000 laying chickens, then the area of the poultry house will be between 400 and 500 square feet. Keep the food and feeding equipment in regular distance according to the number of chickens and their daily food demands.

Feeding Troughs

Feeding troughs should be sufficient in number and long enough for each bird to have it’s place when it want’s to eat.

The feeding troughs should not be too wide, so that the birds can’t leave their droppings in them.

Drinking Troughs

Most of the poultry birds drink a lot of water daily. So, keep several drinking troughs inside the house depending on the number of birds.

The drinking troughs must be big enough and in sufficient numbers to hold plenty of water. The troughs should be big enough for a number of birds to drink without getting in each other’s way.

Always try to keep the water clean. And do not let the chicks fall into the water. You can use bowls or buckets put on a stand or let into the ground and partly covered by netting.


Proper lighting facility is a must. Light should be provided at 7 to 8 feet above the ground level and must be hanged from ceiling. The distance between 2 bulbs is 10 feet, if you use incandescent bulbs. The distance should be 15 feet, in case of fluorescent lights (tube lights).

Useful Tips For Building A Poultry House

Here we are describing about some essential information about building a good housing system for your poultry birds.

  • The poultry house must have to be well ventilated.
  • Ensure sufficient entrance of sunlight and fresh air inside the house.
  • It will be better if the house become situated north to south faced.
  • If you make several houses, then the proper distance of one house to another house is about 40 feet.
  • Clean the house properly before keeping the birds inside the poultry house.
  • Make a deep liter and keep it dry and clean always.
  • You can use rice bran or something like this for making liter.
  • Keep feed and feeding equipment in proper distance inside the poultry house according to the number and demand of poultry birds.
  • The poultry house and all equipment must have to be free from virus, parasites and germs.
  • Build the poultry house in such a place where all the poultry birds are free from all types of wild animals and other predators.
  • The poultry housing area will be free from loud sound/sound pollution.
  • Make the poultry house in quite and calm place.
  • It will be better if you can build the house in an open air place.

However, to be successful in poultry farming business, you must have to be aware in making the poultry house. Be sure that all necessary equipment and facilities are available inside the poultry house. Good luck!

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