Poultry Farming For Beginners: Best Guide & 15 Tips

Following a poultry farming for beginners guide will help you a lot for setting up your new poultry farming business. As poultry farming has already proven to be lucrative business, so you may be willing to start a farm for your new source of income.

In broad, poultry farming means raising various types of domestic birds commercially for the purpose of meat, eggs and feather production. But here we are describing poultry farming for beginners guide about chickens.

Chicken’s products are among the major source of animal protein, aside from beef, pork and fish. And chickens are already an integral part of human life. Small scale poultry production fulfill the animal nutrition demand for a family.

But large scale or commercial basis poultry farming offer an opportunity for the people to earn big amount of money. That’s why there are many poultry farms out there.

Poultry farming is a suitable business for the people who are passionate about livestock farming, keeping birds and who are comfortable with farm life. Poultry farming is a highly profitable business if you can run it properly under acceptable methods and conditions conducive for the birds.

Poultry Farming For Beginners

Actually each type of farming business follows specific operational principles for making good profit. And when such principles are ignored by the farm management system, it results in serious loses.

So before starting, it is wise to learn more about the business. Take some time and try to understand why most of the poultry farmers make good profits and some of them fail.

Some of the farmers, especially beginners have been forced out of the business when they could not operate it properly and thus lose money. Successful poultry farming business is involved with lot of works and it’s easy at the same time.

But it’s not a lazy man’s business. You have to do everything timely and perfectly according to a plan. However, here we are trying to discuss details about poultry farming for beginners.

How to Start the Business

Follow the step by step process for starting your new poultry farming business. Starting a poultry farming business is easy and involved with lots of regular work at the same time. Here we are tying to include all details you will need for the business.

Have Your Investment Ready

Poultry farming requires investment. You can arrange the money by your own or you can apply for bank loan. Both govt. and non-govt. bank loans are available for starting poultry farming business.

You should contact your desired bank for the loan process. As a beginner, you should start with a minimum number of birds which will cost you pretty less money.

Production Type

First of all determine the production type of your poultry farm. You can raise broiler chickens for meat production purpose and choose layers if you want to produce eggs commercially.

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You can also start your poultry farm for selling poultry products and breeding stocks directly to your local customers. Determine your production purpose, select proper poultry breeds according to your desired production and go for the detailed planning.

Set Farm Location

Selecting a good farm location for your business is very important. You should select such a location which has all required facilities and favorable for your business.

It can be slightly far from the town, where land and labor is pretty cheap. But don’t setup the farm too far from the town. Because most of the towns have high density population, and you have to target that market.

Also try to avoid setting up the farm in residential areas, because poultry farms produce offensive odor. While selecting the farm location, consider transportation system and medication facilities also.

Construct House

After selecting farm location, construct a good house for your birds. Ensure all required facilities are available in the new house. There are three types of poultry housing system you can use.

Extensive, semi intensive and intensive. For commercial production, intensive system is most convenient. You can raise your birds in floor or in cage system.

On an average, broiler poultry needs about 2.5 square feet space and layer poultry needs about 4 square feet space. For example, if you want to raise 200 layers then you have to ensure about 800 square feet space is available.

About 4 square feet space is required per bird in cage system. Don’t forget to add proper lighting and ventilation system in the house.

Purchase Required Equipment

You need to purchase some equipment for your poultry farm. List of required equipment are listed below for running a poultry farm successfully.

  • Feeders
  • Waterers
  • Nests
  • Cages
  • Coops
  • Crates
  • Incubator
  • Egg tray
  • Lighting instruments
  • Perches
  • Brooders or heaters
  • Ventilation system
  • Waste disposal system

Labor or Manpower

Based on the number of birds, you need more or less manpower/labor. As a beginner, if you start with a minimum number of birds (200-500) then you can manage your farm by yourself easily. If you plan for raising more birds then you will need additional manpower. Ensure cheap labor is available in your selected area.

Purchasing Chicks

After setting everything up and having everything ready, purchase quality chicks from trusted breeder in your area and start caring them. Set the brooder ready before arriving the chicks from breeding house to your farm.

As a beginner, it is wise to start with day old chicks instead of older chicks. If you are a complete beginner without any prior experience, keep the number of chicks to minimum (anyhow not more than 500).


Feeding is the most important part of poultry farming business. After constructing house and purchasing equipment and chicks, you have to spend a large amount of money for feeding your birds.

About 70% of your total project expenses will go towards the feeding. And the success in the business also depends on quality and adequate feeding. You can purchase the feed ingredients from the market and prepare the feed by yourself or purchase ready-made poultry feeds from the market.

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Different types of commercial poultry feeds are available in the market for each type of birds. Please review the following webpages for more details about poultry feeding.
Broiler poultry feed
Layer poultry feed

Health Management

As we have mentioned above, you have to ensure proper medication system in your area. Poultry birds are prone to various types of diseases and you have to be ready for controlling them.

We know ‘prevention is better than cure’, so you have to be conscious and take proper care of your birds to keep them safe. Vaccinate them timely and always try to provide them fresh water and food. Also stock some required vaccine and medicine so that you can use them when needed.


Good marketing strategies influence the profit from your business. If you can sell your products in the market easily, then it will encourage you in getting more production.

We always recommend determining marketing facilities in your area before starting any farming business. Because your business will not be much profitable if you can’t market your products properly.

Best Tips for Starting Poultry Farming for Beginners

Starting a poultry farming business requires careful planning and preparation to ensure a successful and profitable operation. Here are some best tips for starting a poultry farming business for beginners:

  1. Conduct thorough research: Before starting a poultry farming business, it’s essential to conduct thorough research on the market demand, available resources, and regulatory requirements. You can attend training sessions, read books, and consult with experienced poultry farmers to gather valuable information.
  2. Define your goals and objectives: Define your goals and objectives for your poultry farming business. You should consider the type of birds you want to raise, the size of the operation, and your target market.
  3. Choose the right location: Choose a location that is suitable for poultry farming. The site should have access to clean water, electricity, and transportation. It should also be free from pollution and noise.
  4. Select the right breed: Select the right breed of poultry based on your goals and objectives. Different breeds have different characteristics such as egg-laying capacity, meat quality, and disease resistance.
  5. Purchase quality birds: Purchase quality birds from a reputable supplier. The birds should be healthy, vaccinated, and free from disease.
  6. Prepare suitable housing: Prepare suitable housing for the birds. The housing should provide adequate space, ventilation, and lighting. It should also be easy to clean and maintain.
  7. Provide proper nutrition: Provide proper nutrition to the birds by using high-quality feed and supplements. The feed should be well-balanced and meet the nutritional requirements of the birds.
  8. Ensure proper sanitation: Ensure proper sanitation in the poultry farm by maintaining clean housing, water, and feed. You should also implement biosecurity measures to prevent the spread of diseases.
  9. Invest in equipment and tools: Invest in equipment and tools such as feeders, drinkers, incubators, and heating systems to facilitate the poultry farming operation.
  10. Develop a marketing plan: Develop a marketing plan to promote your poultry products. You can use various channels such as social media, farmers’ markets, and online platforms to reach potential customers.
  11. Obtain necessary permits and licenses: Obtain necessary permits and licenses from local or state authorities. The permits may include zoning, waste management, and animal welfare.
  12. Seek professional advice: Seek professional advice from veterinarians, poultry consultants, and agricultural extension agents. They can provide valuable guidance on poultry farming practices, disease prevention, and marketing strategies.
  13. Join a poultry farming association: Join a poultry farming association to network with other poultry farmers and stay updated on the latest industry trends and regulations.
  14. Keep accurate records: Keep accurate records of your poultry farming operation. The records should include the number of birds, feed consumption, egg production, and sales.
  15. Continuously educate yourself: Continuously educate yourself on the best practices and trends in poultry farming. Attend seminars, read industry publications, and take online courses to stay updated on new developments.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Here are some frequently asked questions and their answers about poultry farming for beginners:

How to start small poultry farm at home?

Starting a small poultry farm at home is very easy. First of all, select a good place, make a shelter, purchase good laying hens or chicks, feed them nutritious food and take good care of them.

What are the requirements for poultry farming business?

Good housing, nutritious feeding, medication and vaccination and good care are the major requirements for poultry farming business.

What are the poultry farm rules and regulations?

Generally, you don’t need any license or permission for starting a poultry farm. But this rule can vary from place to place. And it is wise to consult with the government body before starting a poultry farm in the residential area.

What are the different types of poultry farming?

Broiler and layer are the main to type of poultry farming. Broiler farming is done for meat production, and layer farming is done for eggs production.

What are the poultry farming equipment list?

Shelter, incubator, feeder, water pot, heater, nests, eggs handling nest, fencing, flooring etc.

How to start a local poultry farm?

First of all, learn practically, then select the right type of poultry bird, chose whether meat or egg you want to produce, set up farm location, make a good business plan, gather capital and finally start the farm.

Which poultry is most profitable?

Chickens are the most popular poultry birds, and raising chickens is considered as the most profitable poultry farming business.

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How much does it cost to start a small poultry farm?

Exact cost depends on numerous factors, and it’s very tough to tell the exact amount. And it also vary from place to place. So, please consult with an expert for good recommendations.

How much does it cost to start a small poultry farm in South Africa?

South African people often ask this question. On average, it costs between R20,000 to R50,000 to start a chicken farm poultry business in South Africa.

What are the four types of poultry?

Chicken, turkey, duck, geese are the common 4 types of poultry. The four types of poultry is also classified as American, Mediterranean, English, and Asiatic.

Do poultry farms make money?

Yes, definitely! Poultry farming is a profitable business, and that’s why it is popular throughout the world.

How much money is needed to open a poultry farm?

It’s not possible to tell the exact amount. It depends on numerous factors. Please consult with an expert before starting.

How to I sell my poultry?

You can easily sell your poultry in the local market. You can also sell them to dealer, nearest town, hotels, restaurants, using social media or by using online classified websites.

Is poultry a good business?

Opening and operating a poultry farm can be a lot of hard work, but it can also be very satisfying. It is a very profitable business, and it can be a great source of income.

How much profit does a poultry farmer make?

It’s very tough to tell the exact number, because it depends on numerous factors. But if you can raise a large number of birds, then profits will be much higher.

How to start chicken farming for eggs?

Starting a chicken farm for eggs is very easy. First of all, select a good place, make a shelter, purchase good laying hens or chicks, feed them nutritious food and take good care of them. And soon you will notice your hens have started laying eggs.

How to start a poultry farming business?

Starting a poultry farming business can be a rewarding venture for those who are interested in agriculture and animal husbandry. Whether you want to raise chickens, ducks, turkeys, or geese, there are certain steps you need to take to ensure a successful and profitable operation. Here are some tips on how to start a poultry farming business:

  1. Research the market and demand: Before you start your poultry farming business, it’s important to research the market and demand for your products. You need to identify your target customers and determine what types of poultry products they prefer, such as meat, eggs, or both. You can also analyze the competition in your area and find ways to differentiate your products and services.
  2. Choose the right breed and number of birds: The next step is to select the right breed and number of birds for your farming operation. You need to consider factors such as climate, space, feed availability, and local regulations. You can consult with a poultry expert or veterinarian to help you choose the best breed for your needs.
  3. Build suitable housing and feeding system: Poultry birds require a clean and comfortable housing and feeding system. You need to construct a coop that provides adequate space, ventilation, and lighting for the birds. You also need to set up a feeding and watering system that ensures easy access to clean water and a balanced diet.
  4. Manage the health and hygiene of the birds: Proper health and hygiene management is critical to the success of your poultry farming business. You need to regularly monitor the birds for signs of illness, vaccinate them against common diseases, and maintain a clean and sanitized environment. You can also seek advice from a veterinarian or poultry expert on how to prevent and treat health issues.
  5. Obtain necessary permits and licenses: Depending on your location and the size of your farming operation, you may need to obtain permits and licenses from local or state authorities. You need to comply with regulations on zoning, waste management, and animal welfare.
  6. Develop a marketing strategy: Finally, you need to develop a marketing strategy that promotes your poultry products and services to your target customers. You can use various channels such as social media, local markets, and online platforms to reach out to potential customers. You can also create a brand identity and packaging that reflects the quality and uniqueness of your products.

What is poultry farming?

Poultry farming is the practice of raising domesticated birds, such as chickens, ducks, geese, and turkeys, for their meat or eggs.

How do I start poultry farming as a beginner?

To start poultry farming as a beginner, you need to select the right breed of birds, prepare a suitable housing and feeding system, and manage the health and hygiene of the birds properly. You also need to obtain the necessary permits and licenses, and develop a marketing plan for your products.

What is the best breed of chicken for beginners?

The best breed of chicken for beginners depends on your specific needs and preferences. Some popular breeds for beginners include Rhode Island Reds, Plymouth Rocks, and Sussex. These breeds are known for their hardiness, egg-laying capacity, and friendly temperament.

How much space do chickens need in a coop?

Chickens need at least 2-3 square feet of floor space per bird in the coop. For outdoor space, they need at least 10 square feet per bird in a fenced area.

What should I feed my chickens?

Chickens require a balanced diet that includes a mix of grains, protein, vitamins, and minerals. You can feed them commercial poultry feed, or make your own feed using ingredients such as corn, soybeans, wheat, and oyster shells.

How do I prevent diseases in my poultry flock?

To prevent diseases in your poultry flock, you need to maintain good hygiene practices, provide clean water and food, and regularly inspect your birds for signs of illness. You can also vaccinate your birds against common diseases, and consult with a veterinarian if you suspect any health issues.

How do I market my poultry products?

You can market your poultry products through various channels, such as farmers markets, online marketplaces, and direct sales to restaurants and stores. You can also develop a brand and marketing strategy that highlights the quality and uniqueness of your products.

What are some common challenges in poultry farming?

Some common challenges in poultry farming include disease outbreaks, predator attacks, feed and water management, and marketing and sales. It’s important to have a contingency plan and seek support from other poultry farmers and experts in the industry.

Hope this poultry farming for beginners guide will help you to plan for your new business. Before starting, try to learn more about the business and visit some farms if possible. Consult with other farmers in your area and start with a minimum number of birds for the first time. Gather experience and gradually expand your farm.

21 thoughts on “Poultry Farming For Beginners: Best Guide & 15 Tips”

  1. How do you look for market in case there is poor market
    Thanks for your good guides be blessed
    And keep the spirit of helping us

    1. If you don’t have good marketing facilities, then you should avoid this business. Rather you can start other type of agribusiness. But ensure availability of good marketing facilities before starting any business. Good luck!

  2. I’m very happy with this information I’m still a begginer I’ve learnt a lot from you gys, keep it up with the good work. Thnx very much we need this things

  3. George Russel Teye

    Thank you so much for the guide in poultry farming for beginners. How can l get a practical training farm to attend. I have already acquired seven ach.land to start with.
    Thank you

  4. Shitshembiso promise mayayisi

    I want to start a business of my own, what I want to know is can I find anyone doing this business in limpopo

  5. Dickson kiziiri

    I’m Young farmer lhave read lm just encouraged My only challenge fanicial assistant if possible

  6. I’m interested in the poultry business highly and strongly, but I’m finding it difficult to generate the starting income; what can I do?


    Thanks very much for the vital information,I just want to emback on the business that why I need some data

  8. Joe here, my chickens died when I was young ;,( so I’m looking to make things right! I’ve ordered some poultry on eBay and intend to raise them the correct way this time (no heart attacks, no foxes) XD.

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