Punganur Cattle Characteristics, Uses & Origin

The Punganur cattle which is also known as Punganur dwarf cattle originated from the Chitoor district of Andhra Pradesh in southern India. The breed is among the world’s smallest humped cattle breeds.

It is named after the town of it’s origin, Punganur, in Chittor district situated in the south-eastern tip of the Deccan Plateau.

The Punganur cattle breed is on the verge of extinction, with a few animals remaining. And these remaining animals are being reared mainly on the Livestock Research Station, Palamaner, Chittoor district, attached to SV Veterinary University.

The breed is not officially recognized as a breed since there are only a few animals remaining. Punganur cattle are mainly noted for their very high quality milk which is rich in medicinal properties. Today the breed is pretty rare. Read more information about this breed below.

Punganur Cattle Characteristics

Punganur cattle are smaller sized animals and are white and light grey in color. Sometimes they can also be light brown to dark brown or red in color.

They have a broad forehead and short horns. Their horns are crescent shaped and often loose curving backward and forward in bulls and lateral and forward in cows.

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Average height of the Punganur cattle is about 70-90 cm. The bulls on average weight around 225 kg. And average body weight of the cows is around 115 kg. Photo from Dairy Knowledge Portal and info from Wikipedia.


The Punganur cattle are mainly used for milk production. Their milk contain high fat content and rich in medicinal properties.

Special Notes

Punganur cattle are very hardy animals. They are well known for their quality milk production. Their milk has a high fat content compared to the milk of other cattle breeds. Generally, cow’s milk has 3 to 5 percent of fat content.

But Punganur cow’s milk contains about 8 percent of fat content. The breed is highly drought resistant and can survive on dry fodder. The cows on average can produce about 3-5 kg of milk per day.

And they have a daily feed intake of 5 kg. Review full breed profile of this breed in the following chart.

Breed NamePunganur
Other NamePunganur Dwarf Cattle
Breed PurposeMilk
Special NotesStrong, hardy, drought resistant
Breed SizeSmall
BullsAround 225 kg
CowsAround 115 kg
Climate ToleranceAll Climates
Coat ColorMainly white and light grey in color
Milk YieldGood
Country/Place of OriginIndia

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