Cattle Housing: Best Guide For Beginners

Living place or house of cattle is simply known as cattle housing. Good housing is required for raising cattle. Because suitable shelter or housing is needed for keeping the cattle safe from predators, storm, rain, sun, hot temperature, excessive cold climate and other adverse weather conditions.

The cattle also need to be kept inside the house if you do not have sufficient amount of grazing place. So you must have to make a good house for your animals.

You can make cattle housing or mini dairy farm by using proper plan and your local available facilities. This will ensure more profit by investing little capital.

Best Cattle Housing Tips

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Do the followings while making house for your cattle.

  • The selected place for housing will be higher than other places surrounding the house, so that you can easily remove rain water and other materials.
  • Soil of the selected place will be enriched with sand and must have to be dry always.
  • Ensure entrance of sufficient air and light inside the house. Because sunlight helps to dry the house and help to prevent germs or virus.
  • South faced houses are very comfortable for the cattle.
  • It will be better if the houses are not surrounded by many trees.
  • Don’t let the house to damp anyhow.
  • Make a proper drainage system inside the cattle house, so that you can easily remove dung and trash. Both dung and trash are suitable place for mosquito, flies and other parasites or virus and your cattle can get affected by various types of diseases easily.
  • You can make a simple cattle house by using bamboo pillar, straw and roof of leaves.
  • You can also make the house by using tree pillar and with a roof of metal sheets. In this system, you have to make a ceiling under the roof to keep the cattle free from hot temperature.
  • It will be better, if the houses are surrounded by bamboo or net fence made with strong wire.
  • Keep 5 squire meter space per cattle inside the house.
  • Keep a separate place for rearing calf.
  • Don’t make the floor of the house smooth.
  • Always clean the floor and never make it slippery.
  • Make the house in such a way so that it become a safe and suitable living place for the cattle.
  • The height of the house will be about 9 to 10 feet.
  • Always keep sufficient amount of drinking water inside the cattle housing system.
  • Keep some free space inside the house for freely movement of the animals.
  • Try to keep the house dry, neat and clean always.
  • Keep the dung and trash of cattle in a separate place, slightly far from their house. These materials can be used as fertilizer in the crop field.
  • Make proper supply of fresh and clean water inside the cattle housing system. Also ensure a good water source for washing the cattle, house, equipment etc.

Cattle Housing Construction

Cattle house are constructed depending on weather condition, geographical position and economic condition. Cattle housing design varies from region to region.

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So there are no proper cattle housing design which are appropriate for rearing cattle worldwide. Farmers of different countries make different types of cattle house which are suitable for them.

On an average cattle house are of two types. Open housing method and fixed cattle housing method.

Open Housing Method

In open cattle housing method, cattle are kept inside the house for whole day except milking and delivery time. But in adverse weather conditions like storm, rain, hot or cold, they are moved to a safe place.

A cattle needs about 3.5 to 7 squire meter place in open cattle housing method. This type of houses are suitable for big sized calf and non milk productive cattle. Almost all types of animal can be kept in this house.

Open housing is suitable for all locations throughout the world. But the design of the house can be different depending on the excessive hot or cold areas.

Fixed Housing Method

In this method the cattle are tied up with rope and the rope obstructed with a pillar. Feeding and milking process done in the same place. Try to clean the house regularly and make the house in such a way which is very comfortable for the cattle. Fixed cattle house are of two types. One row and two row cattle house.

  • One Row Cattle House: This type of houses are suitable for little number of cattle. Make the house according to the number of your cattle. A cattle needs about 165 cm standing place, 105 cm side place and 75 cm feeding pot. Make partition with iron pipe to separate the cattle from one to another. The partition pipe needs to be 90 cm long and 45 cm in height.
  • Two Row Cattle House: This type of houses are suitable for commercial cattle farming business. The animals can be kept in both face to face and opposite to each other system. In face to face system, cattle are kept in two rows faces to each other. Food pot are kept between the two cattle row. In this system the cattle need about 5.5 feet standing place and 3.5 feet place in side. In opposite to each other method, cattle are kept in two rows. Their mouth faces to outside. Keep about 4 feet place between the two row. In this method each cattle will require about 5.5 feet place.

Keep the cattle house dry and clean always. Remove the excreta from house frequently. Do this at least twice a day. If the house become unhealthy and damping, then the cattle will get affected by various types of diseases easily.

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So it will be better if you make concrete floor inside the cattle housing system. Don’t make the floor slippery. Make a drainage system inside the house to clean the house properly.

Frequently Asked Questions

People ask many questions about cattle housing system. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about cattle shelter system, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

What is the place where cows are kept called?

The place where the cows are kept is called cattle house or barn.

What is the best housing for cows?

Some best housing system for the cows are:

  • Former dairy barns
  • Hoop barns
  • Open sided, single slope roof shed etc.

How are beef cattle housed?

The beef cattle are generally reared outdoors on grasses for the first part of their lives in United States. Although, most of the beef cattle are brought indoors or fattened on grains in crowded feedlots before slaughter. And they are generally housed in cramped conditions on slatted floors.

What is the best housing for dairy cattle?

Open house with adequate flow of clean air and sunlight is considered best house for the dairy cattle.

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What habitat do cattle live in?

Cattle are found in a variety of habitats (such as tropical, temperate and terrestrial habitats) throughout the world.

Do beef cattle need a barn?

Yes, they need! Although, shelter requirements of the beef cattle is only minimal.

How much housing space do you need for 2 cows?

Depends on the breed you have. Having around 40 square feet housing space available per cow will be enough in most cases.

What are the types of cattle housing system?

There are many different types of housing system available (such as conventional barn, loose housing, free range system etc.).

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What is the name of cow house in English?

A cow house is simply called a cow-house or cow-shed.

What are the housing requirements for cattle?

Sufficient flow of clean and fresh air, adequate light, clean environment, comfortable, enough space available per animal, safe from adverse weather, safe from predators.

Why is cattle housing important?

Cattle housing is very important for keeping the cattle safe and comfortable. And a safe and comfortable house ensures good production.

Can cattle stay outside in winter?

Yes, most of the cattle are cold hardy and can freely graze outside.

How many cows can you have on 5 acres?

If you depend only on grazing, then having 5 cows in 5 acres will be good.

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Do cattle need shelter from rain?

Yes, it will be better if you can arrange a shelter for your cows to protect them from rain.

What is face in housing system of cattle?

In large scale or commercial cattle farming system, the animals are are kept in two system. Either the cows face out which is called tails to tail system or face in which is called head to head system.

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