Using poultry vaccines are must because the main obstacle of profitable poultry farming and spreading this industry is diseases. For this reason to prevent the poultry farm, disease defense method should make through vaccination.
Most of the poultry diseases has no treatment. As the disease spread very fast so there is no scope to prevent this. We can make disease defense power in poultry body by hygienic rearing systems and providing appropriate vaccine.
The germ of disease like certain bacteria or virus collected and preserved in a specific method and then turn it to medicine where this germ works as antibody. They work against the germ and bacteria. This is simply known as vaccine.
That means turning harmful germs to inoffensive germ. While applying this to animal body they will make disease defense instead of causing any diseases. Vaccine is very sensitive materiel. Potency of vaccine can be damaged due to numerous causes.
Different Types of Poultry Vaccines
Generally bacterial, mycoplasma and viral vaccine are used for poultry.
Name and recognition method of some widely used vaccine are described below.
This vaccine is for baby chicken affected by newcastle disease. This vaccine can be found as tablet in vial in dry and freezing condition. The tablet is green colored.
This vaccine is for adult chicken. It can be found as tablet in vial in dry freezing condition. This tablet become white colored.
Gumboro Live Vaccines
This vaccine is for baby chicken affected by gumboro disease. It can be found as tablet in small vial. There is a liquid material bottle with this. Mix the tablet with this liquid.
Gumboro Dead Vaccines
This is for breeding chicken affected by gumboro disease. This can be found in 500 ml bottle in liquid condition.
This vaccine is for mareks disease affected chicken. Vaccine can be found as tablet in a small vial. Mix this with diluent in 200 ml bottle.
Fowl Pox Vaccines
This vaccine is used for chicken pox disease. Tablet can be found in a small vial. The color of this vaccine become reddish.
This is for mycoplasmosis disease of chicken. This vaccine is liquid and can be found in 500 ml bottle.
This vaccine is for cholera affected chicken. Liquid vaccine can be found in 100 ml glass bottle.
Duck Plague Vaccines
This vaccine is for duck plague disease affected duck. Liquid vaccine can be found in small glass bottle.
Using Poultry Vaccines
Using method of vaccine of different aged poultry are described below.
|Mareks||Mareks||1 day||Run meat|
|BCRDV||Newcastle||7 day||Two whit in two eyes|
|Gumboro Live||Gumboro||14-18 day||One whit in one eye|
|Fowl Pox||Chicken Pox||30 day||Under wing skin|
|Salmonella Live||Fowl Typhoid||6 and 16 week||Injection in meat|
|RDV||Newcastle||60 day and 6 month||Injection in run|
|Mycoplasma||Mycoplasmosis||9-10 week||Under skin of neck|
|Cholera||Poultry Cholera||75, 90 day and 6 month||Under skin of neck|
|Gumboro Killed||Gumboro||18-20 week||Under skin of neck|
|Duck Plague||Duck Plague||30, 45 day and 6 month||Injection in run meat|
Frequently Asked Questions
People ask many questions about different types of poultry vaccines. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about the types of poultry vaccines, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.
What vaccines do you give chickens?
Poultry birds are vulnerable to many diseases. So they are usually vaccinated against a variety of diseases including Newcastle disease, fowl pox, fowl cholera, Marek’s disease, infectious bronchitis, infectious laryngotracheitis, Newcastle disease etc. A routine vaccination program is recommended even if you raise organic poultry, because these diseases can also inffect organic poultry.
How often do chickens need vaccinations?
Chickens need different vaccinations for preventing them from different diseases. Most of the chickens are generally given vaccine between 14 and 21 days of age. On commercial poultry farms, the vaccine is re-administered every 2 weeks to 90 days as a continued preventative measure.
Can I vaccinate my own chickens?
Yes, sure you can vaccinate your own chickens and other poultry birds. Actually poultry birds need vaccinations for keeping them safe against different diseases. And you should vaccinate your chickens often.
How are poultry vaccines administered?
The poultry vaccines are usually administered by intramuscular injection, spray, or in the drinking water.
What do farmers inject chickens with?
Generally the farmers inject the chickens with different types of vaccines and other medications.
Can chickens get Marek’s even if vaccinated?
Yes, infection spreads quickly from bird to bird, once the virus is introduced into a chicken flock even if the chickens are vaccinated.
What is the first vaccine given to broilers?
The most efficacious initial ND-IBD vaccination program was live ND virus by eye drop and live IBD vaccine injected subcutaneously (SQ) followed 2 hours later with inactivated ND-IBD vaccine SQ. Broiler chickens are susceptible to many diseases. So, you must vaccinate your broilers timely for keeping them healthy.
How do I know if my chicken has Marek’s?
The Marek’s disease affected birds may show signs of depression, paralysis, loss of appetite, loss of weight, anaemia (pale combs), dehydration (shrunken combs), and sometimes diarrhea.
What age do chickens get Marek’s?
Typically seen between 6 weeks to 30 weeks of age.
What are the signs of Gumboro in poultry?
Common signs can include depression, watery diarrhea, ruffled feathers, and dehydration.
How many times should I give Gumboro vaccine?
In case the antibody level is very variable it is advised to vaccinate the chickens twice with an interval of 1 week.
What is the price of poultry vaccines?
Depends on the vaccines, and exact price can vary from place to place. So, it is not possible to tell the exact price. Please search your local poultry supplier stores for more information. You can also consult with a vet in your area for having some ideas.