Sable Goat

The Sable goat is another good breed of dairy goat which is also popular for milk production. It is similar in appearance to the Saanen goat, except the coloring.

And they are derived from the Saanen goats which is a Swiss breed. The Saanen goats are completely white in color, while the Sable goats can appear in any color but they must not have more than 50 percent white coloration.

Sable goats are similar in appearance to the Saanens, but their different coloration are the result of the interaction of recessive genes from the sire and the dam which were used for the development.

The Sable goats are sometimes referred as ‘the Saanens in party clothes’. The breed is recognized by the American Dairy Goat Association (AGDA). However, read some more information about this breed below.

Sable Goat Characteristics

The Sable goats are medium sized animals with very similar appearance to the Saanen goat, except the coloration. They can come in a variety of colors, including black, brown and grey. They sometimes have white coloring. But complete white coloring is not permitted.

Body of the Sable goat is very deep, wide and long with well-sprung ribs pointing to the rear. Their back is straight with very little slope to the rump.

Their legs are long, strong, straight, squarely set and wide apart. They have large and upright ears (sometimes rounding at the tip and pointing forward).

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Hair of the Sable goat is short and fine. Their head is wide and long with straight or dished face. Their jaw is strong, and have a deep muzzle. However, overall appearance of the Sable goats is tall, heavy and rangy.

Average body height of the mature bucks is around 32 inches at the withers, and around 30 inches for the does. And average live body weight of the mature animals is around or up to 65 kg.


Feeding the Sable goats is easy and simple. They are good grazers and will do very well if allowed to pasture. But you need to supplement their diet with good quality and nutritious concentrated feeds. Read complete guide for feeding dairy goats.


The Sable goats are not seasonal breeders, and they can actually breed throughout the year. They are polyestrous, which means they can breed year-round. They have a gestation period of approximately 150 days and usually give birth to twins or triplets. They are also good mothers and will often nurse their kids for several months.

Sable goats can be bred for meat, milk, or fiber production. Their meat is lean and flavorful, making it a popular choice among consumers. Their milk is high in butterfat and protein, making it well-suited for cheese and yogurt production. Their wool is soft and durable, making it ideal for spinning into yarn.

Read more information about goat breeding.


The Sable goats are very hardy and strong animals. Their colored skin makes them perfect for hot and sunny areas. And they are not prone to skin cancer, like the Saanens. They are superior animals with good milking abilities.


Sable goats are known for their docile and friendly temperament. They are social animals and enjoy being around people and other goats.

This makes them great for small-scale farming operations and petting zoos. They are also easy to handle and train, which makes them ideal for beginners.

Sable goats are also adaptable to different environments. They can thrive in both hot and cold climates and are resistant to many common goat diseases.

This makes them a good choice for farmers who are looking for a breed that can withstand harsh weather conditions.


Sable goats are generally healthy animals and are resistant to many common goat diseases. However, like all animals, they are susceptible to certain illnesses and conditions.

One common health issue in Sable goats is foot rot, which is caused by a bacterial infection. This can be prevented by keeping their hooves clean and dry and trimming them regularly.

Another health issue that can affect Sable goats is internal parasites, such as worms. These parasites can cause weight loss, anemia, and other health problems if left untreated.

To prevent this, farmers should regularly deworm their goats and keep their living areas clean and dry.


The Sable goats are dairy goats and they are raised mainly for milk production. Their milk is of very good quality containing about 3-4 percent of butterfat content.

One of the most obvious reasons for breeding Sable goats is the variety of color patterns with the superior milking ability. Milking ability of the Sable goat is almost the same as the Saanen, but some farmers claim that ‘the Sables have other attributes which are superior to the Saanen’, Sable goats can also be raised in confinement, and they are very good for commercial milk production purpose. You can start your dairy goat farming business with this breed.

Interesting Facts about Sable Goats

Sable goats are one of the most unique and fascinating goat breeds in the world. They are known for their rich, dark brown fur and their friendly, docile personalities. Here we are going to share some interesting facts about Sable goats that you may not have known before.

1. Origin

Sable goats originated in New Zealand in the early 1900s. They were bred from crossbreeding Saanen and Toggenburg goats.

2. Coat Color

As mentioned earlier, Sable goats have a rich, dark brown coat. This coat can vary in shades, but generally, it is a deep chocolate brown color.

3. Adaptability

Sable goats are highly adaptable and can thrive in many different environments. They are commonly found in New Zealand, Australia, and the United States.

4. Milk Production

Sable goats are known for producing high-quality milk. They produce around 3-5 liters of milk per day on average.

5. Temperament

Sable goats are typically docile and friendly animals. They are great with children and make excellent pets.

6. Intelligence

Sable goats are intelligent animals and are easily trained. They are quick learners and can learn a variety of tricks and commands.

7. Breeding

Breeding Sable goats requires careful attention to genetics. Breeders must select goats with desirable traits to breed together in order to produce offspring with the desired characteristics.

8. Size

Sable goats are medium-sized goats, typically weighing between 120-180 pounds.

9. Lifespan

Sable goats have a relatively long lifespan. They can live for up to 12-15 years if properly cared for.

10. Diet

Sable goats are herbivores and primarily eat grass, hay, and other plants. They require a balanced diet to maintain good health.

11. Climate

Sable goats can thrive in a variety of climates, including hot and dry environments. However, they prefer moderate temperatures.

12. Purpose

Sable goats are primarily raised for milk production, but they can also be used for meat and fiber production.

13. Fiber Production

Sable goats produce a high-quality fiber that is used for clothing and textiles. The fiber is soft and has a natural luster.

14. Hooves

Like all goats, Sable goats have cloven hooves. Their hooves require regular trimming to prevent overgrowth and infection.

15. Horns

Sable goats have curved horns that grow outwards from the side of their heads. These horns can be dangerous if not properly managed.

16. Grooming

Sable goats require regular grooming to maintain their coats and prevent matting and tangling. This includes brushing, combing, and shearing.

17. Health Issues

Sable goats are generally healthy animals, but they are susceptible to certain health issues such as parasites, respiratory infections, and foot rot.

18. Gestation Period

The gestation period for Sable goats is around 150 days. They typically give birth to 1-3 offspring at a time.

19. Mating Season

Sable goats mate seasonally, with breeding typically occurring in the fall and winter months.

20. Milk Composition

Sable goat milk is high in fat and protein, making it an excellent choice for cheese and yogurt production.

21. Milking

Milking Sable goats requires skill and practice. It is important to use proper techniques to ensure the goat’s comfort and milk quality.

22. Popularity

Sable goats are not as popular as some other goat breeds, but they are gaining recognition for their unique characteristics and high-quality milk and fiber.

23. Conservation

Sable goats are not currently considered an endangered species, but conservation efforts are in place to preserve the breed’s genetics and unique traits.

Best Tips for Raising Sable Goats

Raising Sable goats is relatively easy and simple. These unique and friendly animals are known for their rich, dark brown coats and high-quality milk production. Here we are trying to share some best tips for raising Sable goats that can help you ensure the health and happiness of your herd.

1. Fencing

Fencing is crucial when it comes to raising goats. Sable goats are no exception and require sturdy, secure fencing to prevent escape and protect them from predators.

2. Shelter

Your Sable goats will need a shelter to protect them from the elements. This could be a simple lean-to or a more elaborate barn, depending on your preferences and needs.

3. Bedding

The bedding in your goat’s shelter should be kept clean and dry. Straw or wood shavings make good options for bedding material.

4. Water

Sable goats need access to clean, fresh water at all times. Provide a water source that is large enough to accommodate multiple goats and is easily accessible.

5. Feed

Goats are herbivores and require a balanced diet. Consult with a veterinarian or experienced goat breeder to determine the best feed options for your Sable goats.

6. Grazing

Sable goats enjoy grazing on grass and other plants. Ensure that they have adequate pasture space and rotate grazing areas to prevent overgrazing.

7. Minerals

Minerals such as calcium and phosphorus are essential for goats’ health. Provide access to mineral licks or supplements to ensure adequate intake.

8. Medical Care

Regular medical care is important for maintaining the health of your Sable goats. This includes vaccinations, deworming, and hoof trimming.

9. Breeding

Breeding Sable goats requires careful attention to genetics and proper management. Consult with an experienced breeder for advice on selecting and breeding your goats.

10. Pregnancy Care

Proper care during pregnancy is crucial for the health of both the mother and offspring. Consult with a veterinarian for guidance on prenatal care.

11. Birthing

Goats typically give birth without assistance, but it is important to be prepared in case of complications. Consult with an experienced breeder or veterinarian for guidance on birthing procedures.

12. Kid Care

Newborn kids require special care and attention. This includes proper nutrition, warmth, and protection from predators.

13. Weaning

Sable goat kids should be weaned from their mothers at around 3-4 months of age. This can be done gradually by reducing milk feedings over time.

14. Socialization

Sable goats are social animals and enjoy interaction with humans and other goats. Spend time with your goats regularly to build trust and develop strong bonds.

15. Exercise

Regular exercise is important for the health and happiness of your Sable goats. Provide ample space for them to run and play.

16. Grooming

Regular grooming helps maintain the health and appearance of your goats’ coats. This includes brushing, combing, and shearing.

17. Parasite Control

Parasites such as worms can be a problem for Sable goats. Implement a regular deworming schedule to prevent infestations.

18. Poisonous Plants

Be aware of poisonous plants that may be present in your pasture or grazing areas. Remove these plants or keep your goats away from them to prevent illness or death.

19. Predator Control

Sable goats are vulnerable to predators such as coyotes and wolves. Implement predator control measures such as fencing and guard dogs to protect your herd.

20. Milk Production

Proper milking techniques are important for maintaining milk quality and preventing infections. Consult with an experienced milker or veterinarian for guidance on milking procedures.

21. Fiber Production

If you plan to use your Sable goats for fiber production, ensure that they receive proper nutrition and grooming to maintain high-quality fiber.

22. Record-Keeping

Keeping accurate records of your goats’ health, breeding, and production can help you make informed decisions about future management.

23. Education

Continuing education is important for staying up-to-date on the latest goat care techniques. Attend workshops and seminars or consult with experienced breeders for advice and guidance.

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