The Catla fish (Catla catla) or Katla fish is an economically very important South Asian freshwater fish. It is in the carp family Cyprinidae.
It is known by many different names such as Katla, Katol, Indian Major carp, Chepti, Baudhekra, Bacha, Karakatla and Tambra.
The fish is mainly found in the rives and lakes in northern India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Myanmar.
The Catla fish is a freshwater species, and it is found rarely in brakish water. Some common habitats of this fish species are baors, beels, canals, ditch, floodplains, haors, lake, ponds and lakes.
The fish is generally marketed in fresh condition, and it command a good market price and consumer demand.
Catla Fish Information
Today, the Catla fish is commercially cultivated in many countries where it is available. It’s higher growth rate and compatibility with other major carps, specific surface feeding habit, and consumer preference have increased it’s popularity in carp polyculture system among the fish farmers. Read some more information about this carp fish species below.
Catla Fish Characteristics
Catla fish have distinctive looks with large and broad head. They have a large protruding lower jaw, and upturned mouth. Scales of these fish are large and they have greyish scales on their dorsal side.
The scales are whitish on their belly. Their body is short and deep, somewhat literally compressed. Their eyes are large and visible from underside of the head.
Lower lip of the Catla fish is very thick, and the upper lip is absent. Their anal fin is short, dorsal fin inserted slightly in advance of pelvic fins.
The caudal fin is forked, and the pectoral fins are long extending to pelvic fins. Fish with average body weight of 1-2 kg is generally sold in the market. But Catla fish can grow up to 20 kg. Their body length can reach around 1 meter in aged and large sized fish.
The Catla fish has a large and slender body, with a deep belly and a slightly curved head. Its body is silver in color, with a golden hue on its fins and tail. The fish has a large, scaleless head with a prominent forehead.
Catla fish can grow up to 1.5 meters in length and weigh up to 45 kg. However, most Catla fish caught for consumption are around 1-2 kg in weight.
Catla fish is a freshwater fish species that is commonly found in large rivers, lakes, and reservoirs in the Indian subcontinent. It prefers slow-moving and standing water.
Catla fish is a herbivorous fish that feeds mainly on aquatic plants, algae, and other plant matter.
Catla fish usually spawns during the monsoon season, when water levels in rivers and lakes are high. The female Catla fish can lay up to 5 lakh eggs during each spawning season.
Catla fish is known to migrate upstream during the monsoon season for breeding purposes.
The lifespan of Catla fish is around 10-15 years in the wild, although they can live longer in captivity.
Catla fish is an important food fish in India and Bangladesh, where it is widely consumed. It is also cultivated commercially in many parts of the world. The fish is also an important sport fish and is targeted by anglers for its size and fighting abilities.
Catla Fish Feeding
Catla fish are surface and midwater feeder. The young are feed on both zooplankton and phytoplankton, but the mature fish are generally feed on zooplankton.
They are also well habituated in taking wheat bran, rice bran, mustard oil cake and other supplementary fish feeds under aquaculture system.
Here are some of the key aspects of Catla fish feeding:
Catla fish is a herbivorous fish species that feeds primarily on aquatic plants, algae, and other plant matter. The fish has a unique digestive system that allows it to break down and digest tough plant material.
Catla fish feeds mainly during the daytime, with peak feeding activity occurring in the morning and evening. The fish feeds by grazing on aquatic plants, scraping off the algae and other plant matter from the substrate or water surface.
Catla fish requires a diet that is rich in protein, carbohydrates, and essential nutrients such as vitamins and minerals. The fish can also feed on small invertebrates and crustaceans, although these make up a small part of its diet.
Feeding in Captivity
Catla fish is commonly raised in captivity for commercial purposes. In such settings, the fish is usually fed a specially formulated diet that is high in protein and other essential nutrients.
Catla fish is known for its social feeding behavior, where groups of fish feed together in shallow waters. The fish is also known to follow birds or other animals that stir up the water, allowing the fish to feed on the disturbed plant matter.
Catla fish feeding can be challenging in some settings, especially in heavily polluted waters where the water quality may not support the growth of aquatic plants. In such cases, farmers may need to provide supplemental feed or manage the water quality to support the growth of aquatic plants.
Catla Fish Breeding
The Catla fish can breed naturally in flowing water bodies. Especially they breed very well in rivers, and floodplains during rainy season.
They generally reach maturity at their 3-5 years of age. Breeding in stagnant water bodies such as pond, is also possible. But this will require hormonal induction.
Breeding Catla fish artificially is very difficult, because it requires precise environmental conditions for spawning.
Here are some key aspects of Catla fish breeding:
Catla fish usually spawn during the monsoon season when water levels in rivers and lakes are high. The breeding season generally starts in June and lasts until September.
During the breeding season, male Catla fish become aggressive and actively chase females. The male fish will follow the female and nudge her abdomen with his snout to initiate mating.
Female Catla fish can lay up to 5 lakh eggs during a single spawning season. The eggs are typically deposited on aquatic plants or submerged objects such as rocks, roots, or fallen branches.
The eggs of Catla fish hatch within 48-72 hours of being laid, depending on water temperature. The newly hatched fry feed on their yolk sac for the first few days of life.
Fry Growth and Development
After the yolk sac is consumed, the fry begin to feed on small organisms such as plankton and insect larvae. The fry grow rapidly and can reach a length of 10 cm within a few months.
Breeding in Captivity
Catla fish can also be bred in captivity for commercial purposes. The fish can be induced to spawn using hormonal treatments, and the eggs can be incubated in specially designed hatcheries.
The Catla fish population has declined in some areas due to overfishing, habitat loss, and pollution. Several conservation measures have been implemented to protect the species, including the establishment of protected areas and regulations on fishing practices.
Catla Fish Caring
Caring for Catla fish requires attention to several key factors that impact the fish’s health and well-being. Here are some important considerations for caring for Catla fish:
Catla fish require clean and well-oxygenated water to thrive. Water quality parameters such as temperature, pH, and dissolved oxygen levels should be monitored regularly to ensure they are within the acceptable range for the fish.
Catla fish are active swimmers and require a large tank or pond to swim freely. A minimum tank size of 500 gallons is recommended for adult Catla fish, while larger ponds or tanks are preferable.
Catla fish are herbivorous and require a diet that is rich in plant matter such as algae, aquatic plants, and vegetables. A varied diet that includes a mix of live and prepared foods is recommended to ensure the fish receive all the necessary nutrients.
Adequate water filtration is essential for maintaining good water quality and preventing the buildup of waste products. A mechanical filter, such as a canister filter, combined with a biological filter, such as a biofilter or wetland filter, is recommended.
Catla fish do not require specialized lighting, but a well-lit tank or pond can promote the growth of algae and other plant matter that the fish feed on.
Regular water changes are necessary to maintain good water quality and remove excess waste products. A water change of 20-30% every 1-2 weeks is recommended, depending on the size of the tank or pond.
Catla fish can be prone to several diseases, including bacterial infections and parasitic infestations. Proper quarantine procedures for new fish, regular water testing, and a clean and well-maintained tank can help prevent the spread of disease.
Catla Fish Uses
The Catla fish is bred and cultivated mainly for food. It is a very important fish species in aquaculture, and used as food. It is also often used as game fish in some place.
It is always marketed in fresh condition, and it command a good market price and consumer demand.
Catla fish is a popular food fish, and is consumed in many parts of the world. The fish is known for its firm, white flesh and mild flavor, and is used in a variety of dishes, including curries, stews, and fried preparations.
Catla fish is a popular game fish, and is sought after by anglers for its size and fighting ability. The fish can grow to be quite large, and is a challenging catch for even experienced anglers.
Catla fish is commonly raised in aquaculture systems for commercial purposes. The fish grows quickly and is relatively easy to raise, making it an attractive species for aquaculture farmers.
Catla fish is known to be an effective species for bioremediation, or the removal of pollutants from water. The fish is able to tolerate high levels of pollutants, and can help to clean up contaminated water bodies.
Catla fish is used in scientific research for a variety of purposes, including studying the effects of pollutants on aquatic organisms, investigating the genetics of fish populations, and developing new aquaculture technologies.
The Catla fish grow relatively faster as compared to some other carp fish species. It is one of the most important aquacultured freshwater fish species in South Asia.
Total production of Catla fish is increasing gradually. It is generally sold and consumed fresh, locally and regionally. In case of transportation, it is generally transported on ice.
Consumers generally prefer Catla with 1-2 kg body weight. However, review full profile of the Catla fish in the following chart.
|Binomial Name||Catla catla|
|Other Names||Known by many different names such as Katla, Katol, Indian Major carp, Chepti, Baudhekra, Bacha, Karakatla and Tambra|
|Breed Purpose||Mainly food|
|Special Notes||Grow very fast, one of the most important aquacultured freshwater fish species in South Asia, this fish grows best at water temperature between 25°-32° c, very good for growing with other carp fish species, consumed fresh, total production increasing gradually|
|Breeding Method||Natural and artificial|
|Weight||Can grow up to 20 kg|
|Climate Tolerance||Native climates|
|Body Color||Greyish with whitish belly|
Catla Fish Interesting Facts
Catla fish is a fascinating freshwater fish species found in the Indian subcontinent. Here are some interesting facts about Catla fish:
- Size: Catla fish is known for its large size and can grow up to 1.5 meters (4.9 feet) in length and weigh up to 45 kg (100 pounds).
- Diet: Catla fish is primarily herbivorous and feeds on a variety of plant matter such as aquatic plants, algae, and other vegetation.
- Breeding: Catla fish is known for its migratory behavior, and travels to upstream areas during the monsoon season for breeding purposes. The fish breeds during the rainy season, with females releasing their eggs into the water, which are then fertilized by males.
- Aquaculture: Catla fish is an important species for aquaculture and is commonly raised in ponds and tanks for commercial purposes. The fish is fast-growing and can reach market size in as little as 8-10 months.
- Cultural significance: Catla fish is an important part of the culture and cuisine in many parts of the Indian subcontinent. The fish is often used in traditional dishes and is considered a delicacy in many regions.
- High nutritional value: Catla fish is rich in nutrients such as protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin D. The fish is considered to be a healthy and nutritious food source.
- Fishing techniques: Catla fish can be caught using a variety of fishing techniques, including bottom fishing, surface fishing, and using baited hooks or lures.
More Information About Catla Fish
Along with feeding, breeding and uses, people also search about some more information about this fish species. Here are some more information about this popular freshwater fish:
Catla Fish Benefits
Catla is an excellent source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin D, making it a nutritious food choice that offers many health benefits. Omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce inflammation, lower the risk of heart disease, and improve brain function.
Vitamin D is essential for bone health, and it also helps to regulate the immune system. Additionally, catla fish is low in fat and calories, making it a healthy food choice for people looking to manage their weight.
Incorporating catla fish into a balanced diet can provide numerous health benefits, and it is considered to be a healthy and nutritious food source.
Catla Fish Fry
Catla fish fry is a popular dish made with Catla fish that has been marinated with a blend of spices and shallow fried in oil. To make the marinade, a mixture of spices such as red chili powder, turmeric, coriander powder, and salt is blended with lemon juice or vinegar.
The fish is then coated with this marinade and allowed to sit for a few minutes to absorb the flavors. The fish is then shallow fried until it is crispy and golden brown.
Catla fish fry is a popular street food in many parts of the Indian subcontinent, and is often served with sliced onions and lemon wedges. It is a delicious and flavorful way to enjoy this popular fish species.
Catla Fish in English
Labeo catla. Also known as the Major South Asian Carp.
Catla Fish in Malayalam
In Malayalam, Catla fish is commonly known as “കട്ടല” (Kattal).
Catla Fish in Tamil
In Tamil, Catla fish is commonly known as “கட்லா” (Katla).
Catla Fish in Telugu
In Telugu, Catla fish is commonly known as “కట్లా” (Katla).
Catla Fish in USA
Catla fish is not a commonly found fish species in the United States. It is a freshwater fish species native to the Indian subcontinent and is primarily found in rivers, lakes, and reservoirs in that region.
However, due to its popularity as a food fish and its adaptability to aquaculture, some efforts have been made to introduce it to other regions of the world, including the United States.
In some areas, Catla fish may be available at specialty seafood markets or through online seafood retailers. However, it is not a widely consumed fish species in the United States, and is not typically found in mainstream grocery stores or restaurants.
Catla Fish Mercury Level
Catla fish is a relatively low-mercury fish species, which means that it contains lower levels of mercury compared to some other fish species.
While mercury occurs naturally in the environment, it can also accumulate in certain fish species, particularly larger predatory fish. Consuming fish with high levels of mercury can potentially lead to health problems, particularly for pregnant women and young children.
However, Catla fish is considered to be a low-mercury fish species, and is generally safe for consumption in moderate amounts.
As with all fish species, it is important to follow guidelines for safe consumption, such as limiting the amount consumed and avoiding fish that are known to have high levels of mercury.
Catla Fish Nutrition
Catla fish is a highly nutritious food source that is rich in protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and a range of essential vitamins and minerals.
A 100-gram serving of Catla fish provides approximately 96 calories, 20 grams of protein, and less than 1 gram of fat. It is also a good source of vitamins B12 and D, as well as minerals such as iron, zinc, and selenium.
Omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential for maintaining heart health and brain function, are also abundant in Catla fish. This combination of nutrients makes Catla fish an excellent addition to a balanced and healthy diet.
Consuming Catla fish can provide a range of health benefits, such as reducing the risk of heart disease, promoting brain function, and supporting the immune system.
Catla Fish Price
Exact price of these fish can vary from place to place, and it’s not possible to tell the exact amount. Please visit your local fish market.
Actually, the price of Catla fish can vary depending on a variety of factors, such as the location, availability, and demand. In the Indian subcontinent, where Catla fish is commonly consumed, the price may range from around 150-200 Indian Rupees per kilogram (approximately $2-3 USD).
In other regions of the world where Catla fish is less commonly available, the price may be higher due to transportation costs and other factors. In some specialty seafood markets or online retailers, Catla fish may be sold for around $10-12 USD per pound.
However, as with any fish or seafood product, the price can vary greatly depending on the location and availability, and it is always important to purchase from reputable and sustainable sources.
Catla Fish Advantages
There are several advantages to consuming Catla fish as a part of a balanced and healthy diet. Catla fish is a rich source of protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and a range of essential vitamins and minerals.
Consuming Catla fish can help to reduce the risk of heart disease, support brain function, and promote immune system health. Additionally, Catla fish is a low-mercury fish species, making it a safer and healthier option for regular consumption compared to some other fish species.
Catla fish is also adaptable to aquaculture, making it a sustainable food source that can help to support local economies and reduce pressure on wild fish populations.
Catla Fish Disadvantages
While there are many advantages to consuming Catla fish, there are also some potential disadvantages to be aware of. One potential drawback is the risk of consuming contaminated or improperly handled fish, which can lead to illness or food poisoning.
It is important to ensure that Catla fish is purchased from reputable sources and properly stored and cooked to avoid these risks. Additionally, some people may be allergic to fish, including Catla fish, which can cause a range of symptoms ranging from mild to severe.
Finally, while Catla fish is considered to be a sustainable food source, the aquaculture practices used to produce it can have environmental impacts such as the discharge of waste and the use of antibiotics or other chemicals.
To minimize these impacts, it is important to support sustainable aquaculture practices and purchase Catla fish from reputable and responsible sources.
Catla Fish Bone Structure
The Catla fish has a typical fish bone structure with a spine, ribs, and other bones that provide support and protection for the internal organs.
The spine is the central bone that runs from the head to the tail and provides structural support for the fish. The ribs are connected to the spine and help to protect the internal organs, while also providing additional support for the fish’s body.
Other bones, such as those in the fins, also play a role in supporting and maneuvering the fish. It is important to note that the bones of Catla fish, like many other fish, are small and can be challenging to remove during the cleaning and preparation process.
Careful handling and preparation techniques can help to minimize the risk of accidentally consuming bones while enjoying this nutritious and flavorful fish.
Catla Fish Recipe
Catla fish can be cooked in a variety of ways, including frying, grilling, baking, and curry. Here are some popular Catla fish recipes:
Catla Fish Fry
Catla fish pieces are marinated in spices and then shallow-fried until crispy and golden.
Catla Fish Curry
Catla fish pieces are cooked in a spicy coconut-based gravy that’s perfect with rice.
Catla Fish Biryani
Catla fish is marinated in spices and then cooked with rice, creating a flavorful one-pot meal.
Catla Fish Kebab
Catla fish pieces are marinated in yogurt and spices, then grilled to perfection.
Catla Fish Tikka
Catla fish pieces are marinated in a spicy yogurt-based marinade and then grilled, creating a delicious appetizer or main course.
Catla Fish Masala
Catla fish is cooked in a flavorful tomato-based gravy that’s perfect with rice or naan.
Catla Fish Curry
Catla fish curry is a popular dish in many parts of India, Bangladesh and Southeast Asia. The fish is typically cut into pieces and simmered in a spicy and flavorful sauce made with ingredients such as onions, tomatoes, ginger, garlic, and a blend of aromatic spices.
The curry can be made in a variety of ways, depending on regional and personal preferences. Some recipes may include coconut milk for a creamier and milder flavor, while others may use tamarind or other souring agents for a tangier taste.
Catla fish curry is often served with rice or bread and may be garnished with fresh herbs or sliced onions for additional flavor and texture.
Catla Fish Eggs
Catla fish eggs are small, spherical, and translucent, with a slightly sticky texture. The eggs are produced by female Catla fish during the breeding season, which typically occurs during the summer months.
Depending on the size of the fish, a single female may produce hundreds or thousands of eggs. Catla fish eggs are rich in nutrients, including protein and omega-3 fatty acids, and can be a nutritious addition to a balanced diet. In some cultures, Catla fish eggs are considered a delicacy and may be used in dishes such as omelets, soups, or salads.
However, it is important to note that consuming raw or undercooked fish eggs can increase the risk of foodborne illness, and careful handling and cooking techniques should be used to ensure safety.
Catla Fish Growth Period
The growth period of Catla fish can vary depending on various factors such as water temperature, availability of food, and breeding practices.
In general, Catla fish can grow quite quickly, especially during their first year of life. Under optimal conditions, Catla fish can grow up to 2-3 inches per month, reaching a maximum size of around 4 feet and 45 pounds in 4-5 years.
However, the growth rate can vary depending on factors such as water quality, stocking density, and feeding practices. Commercial Catla fish farming operations may use various techniques to promote growth, such as feeding a high-protein diet and maintaining optimal water temperature and quality.
Catla Fish Growth Rate
The growth rate of Catla fish can vary depending on various factors such as water temperature, quality, and feeding practices. Under optimal conditions, Catla fish can grow rapidly, especially during their first year of life.
They can grow up to 2-3 inches per month, and can reach a maximum size of around 4 feet and 45 pounds in 4-5 years. However, the growth rate can vary depending on various factors, such as the availability of food, breeding practices, and stocking density.
Commercial Catla fish farming operations may use various techniques to promote growth, such as providing a high-protein diet and maintaining optimal water quality and temperature.
Catla Fish Health Benefits
Catla fish is a nutritious food source and offers several health benefits. It is rich in high-quality protein, omega-3 fatty acids, and vitamin D, which are essential for maintaining good health.
Omega-3 fatty acids can help reduce inflammation, lower the risk of heart disease, and improve brain function. Vitamin D is essential for bone health, and it also helps to regulate the immune system.
Additionally, catla fish is low in fat and calories, making it a healthy food choice for people looking to manage their weight. Incorporating catla fish into a balanced diet can provide numerous health benefits.
Catla Fish in Hindi
In Hindi, Catla fish is commonly known as कतला मछली (Katla)
Catla Fish in India
Catla fish is a popular freshwater fish species in India, particularly in the northern and eastern regions. It is a major food fish and is widely consumed by people from various communities.
Catla fish is an important species in Indian aquaculture, and is cultivated in ponds, tanks, and other freshwater bodies. It is known for its rapid growth rate, high tolerance to different water conditions, and adaptability to different feeding practices.
Catla fish is also valued for its nutritional content, including high levels of protein and omega-3 fatty acids. In India, Catla fish is typically consumed in the form of curries or fried dishes, and is often served as a main course during special occasions or festivals.
Catla Fish in Kannada
Catla Fish in Marathi
Catla Fish Taste
Catla fish has a distinct taste that is often described as sweet and mild. It has a firm, white flesh that is rich in flavor and has a slightly sweet taste.
The taste and texture of Catla fish can vary depending on the way it is cooked, and it is a versatile fish that can be prepared in a variety of ways, including frying, grilling, and baking. When cooked properly, Catla fish can be delicious and satisfying, making it a popular choice for fish dishes in many parts of the world.
Catla Fish Bait
Catla fish can be caught using a variety of baits, depending on the preferences of the angler and the fishing conditions. Some popular baits for Catla fish include worms, insects, bread, dough balls, and small pieces of fish.
It is important to use a bait that is attractive to Catla fish, as they can be finicky eaters at times. When using bait to catch Catla fish, it is also important to use the right type of fishing gear, such as a sturdy rod and reel, and to be patient, as Catla fish can sometimes take their time before taking the bait.
Biggest Catla Fish
The world record for the largest Catla fish caught is 45 kg (99 lbs). This massive Catla fish was caught by an angler in the Kaveri River in India.
While it is rare to catch a Catla fish of this size, Catla fish can grow to be quite large in their natural habitats.
In fact, Catla fish are known for their rapid growth rate, and under ideal conditions, they can reach a weight of up to 60 kg (132 lbs). However, it is more common to find Catla fish weighing between 1-2 kg (2-4 lbs) in fish markets and restaurants.
Catla vs Rui Fish
Catla and Rui fish are two popular freshwater fish species that are commonly consumed in India and other parts of Asia. While they have some similarities in terms of appearance and taste, there are also some differences between the two.
In terms of appearance, both Catla and Rui fish have a similar silver-colored body, but Catla fish tend to have a more elongated body shape, while Rui fish have a more rounded body shape.
When it comes to taste, Catla is known for its sweet and mild flavor, while Rui fish has a slightly stronger flavor. In terms of texture, Catla has a firm, white flesh, while Rui fish has a softer, more delicate flesh.
Both Catla and Rui fish are a good source of protein and other essential nutrients, but Catla fish tends to have a higher fat content and more calories per serving. Additionally, Catla fish is generally more expensive than Rui fish.
Rui vs Catla Fish Bones
Both Catla and Rui fish have a similar bone structure, as they belong to the same family of freshwater fish. However, the bones of Catla fish tend to be larger and more prominent compared to Rui fish, which can make them slightly more difficult to eat.
In general, it is recommended to be careful when eating any type of fish, as bones can be a choking hazard if not removed properly. To avoid this, it is best to fillet the fish or remove the bones before cooking.
Catla Fish in Bangladesh
Catla fish is a popular freshwater fish in Bangladesh and is an important part of the country’s aquaculture industry. It is a widely consumed fish and is commonly used in traditional dishes such as fish curry and fish fry.
Catla fish farming is also a common practice in Bangladesh, with many farmers raising the fish in ponds or other bodies of water. This helps to meet the demand for the fish, both locally and internationally.
Catla Fish During Pregnancy
Pregnant women are often advised to be careful when consuming fish due to concerns about mercury levels and other potential health risks.
While Catla fish is generally considered safe to eat during pregnancy, it is recommended to limit consumption to no more than 2-3 servings per week. This is to reduce the risk of exposure to contaminants such as mercury, which can have negative effects on the developing fetus.
Catla is also a good source of protein and essential nutrients such as omega-3 fatty acids, which are important for fetal development. As with any food, pregnant women should speak with their healthcare provider to determine what is safe and appropriate for their individual situation.
Catla Fish and Rui Fish Difference
Both Catla and Rui fish have their own unique characteristics, they are both popular and widely consumed freshwater fish in South Asia.
Catla fish and Rui fish are both freshwater fish commonly found in South Asia. While they may look similar in appearance, there are several key differences between the two.
Firstly, Catla fish tends to have a more elongated body shape with a slightly humped back, while Rui fish has a more flattened body shape. Catla fish also tends to have a larger head and mouth compared to Rui fish.
In terms of taste, Catla fish is often described as having a mild, slightly sweet flavor, while Rui fish is generally considered to have a stronger, more savory taste.
When it comes to cooking, Catla fish is often used in traditional dishes such as fish curry and fish fry, while Rui fish is commonly used in dishes such as fish cutlet and fish kabab.
Catla Fish and Tilapia Difference
Both Catla and tilapia fish have their own unique characteristics, they are both popular and widely consumed freshwater fish that offer various health benefits.
Catla and tilapia fish both are freshwater fish that are popularly consumed in different parts of the world. Here are some key differences between the two:
Catla fish tends to have a more elongated body with a slightly humped back, while tilapia has a more rounded body shape.
Catla has a mild, slightly sweet flavor, while tilapia fish has a more mild, neutral taste.
Catla fish is high in protein and omega-3 fatty acids, while tilapia is lower in omega-3s and higher in omega-6s.
Catla fish is commonly found in the rivers and lakes of South Asia, while tilapia is native to Africa but has been introduced to other parts of the world, including Asia and the Americas.
Catla fish are bred through natural spawning, while tilapia are often raised in controlled environments and bred using artificial means.
Catla Fish Average Weight
The average weight of a Catla fish can vary depending on various factors such as age, gender, feeding habits, and habitat.
However, adult Catla fish typically weigh between 1-2 kg (2.2-4.4 lbs), but they can grow much larger, up to 45 kg (99 lbs) in some cases.
Juvenile Catla fish usually weigh between 20-30 grams, and their weight increases rapidly as they mature. Commercially farmed Catla fish may also be selectively bred for faster growth, resulting in larger average weights.
Catla Fish in Australia
Catla fish is not native to Australia, and it is not commonly found in Australian waters. However, it is sometimes raised in aquaculture facilities in Australia, particularly in the states of Queensland and New South Wales.
The fish is usually imported as fry or fingerlings from overseas and then raised in freshwater ponds or tanks. Catla fish is mostly sold in the Australian market as whole fish or as fillets. It is a popular choice among South Asian communities in Australia who use it in traditional dishes.
Catla Fish in Assamese
Catla fish is known as “কাতলা মাছ” (Katla mach) in the Assamese language. It is a popular fish in the Northeastern states of India, including Assam.
The fish is a common ingredient in Assamese cuisine and is used to prepare various dishes such as curries and fries. It is usually available in local fish markets or can be purchased from fish farms in the region.
Catla Fish Economic Importance
Catla fish has significant economic importance, particularly in South Asian countries such as India and Bangladesh, where it is a staple food for many people.
The fish is commercially farmed in large quantities to meet the demand for food, and it is also exported to other countries. The catla fish farming industry provides employment opportunities for thousands of people, including farmers, fish traders, and processors.
In addition, the fish is an important source of protein and essential nutrients for the local population, contributing to food security and nutrition. The economic importance of catla fish has also led to research and development efforts to improve its farming practices, disease control, and sustainability.
Catla Fish Side Effects
There are no significant side effects associated with consuming Catla fish. However, excessive consumption of any fish can lead to a buildup of mercury and other toxins in the body, which can be harmful in large amounts.
Pregnant women, nursing mothers, and young children should limit their consumption of Catla and other fish to reduce their exposure to these toxins.
People with certain health conditions, such as kidney disease or gout, may need to limit their intake of fish due to its high purine content. Catla is a safe fish and nutritious food source when consumed in moderation and prepared properly.
Catla Fish Feeding Habits
Catla fish is primarily herbivorous and feeds on plankton, aquatic plants, and algae. They are bottom feeders and prefer to feed during the early morning and late afternoon.
In fish farms, they are usually fed with a formulated feed that includes soybean meal, groundnut cake, rice bran, wheat bran, and fishmeal. The feeding habits of catla fish make it an ideal species for aquaculture, as they can be easily fed with readily available plant-based feeds.
Catla Fish in Odia
Catla fish is known as ‘କତଳା ମାଛ’ in Odia.
Catla Fish Lifespan
The average lifespan of Catla fish is around 10-12 years in the wild, but with proper care in captivity, they can live up to 15-20 years.
Catla Fish Life Cycle
The life cycle of Catla fish starts with fertilization of eggs by the male and female fish. The fertilized eggs develop into larvae and start feeding on plankton.
After about 10 days, the larvae develop into fingerlings, and their diet shifts to small insects and zooplankton. As the fingerlings grow, they consume larger insects and small fish.
After 1-2 years, Catla fish reach maturity and start breeding. The adult fish can live up to 12-15 years in the wild, but their lifespan may be shorter in fish farms due to various factors such as overcrowding and disease.
Catla Fish Maximum Weight
The maximum weight of Catla fish can range up to 45 kilograms. However, the average weight of an adult Catla fish is around 1 to 2 kilograms.
Catla Fish Reproduction
Catla fish are seasonal breeders, with their breeding season generally occurring during the monsoon season from June to August. During this time, the water temperature rises and the level of dissolved oxygen increases, creating optimal conditions for breeding.
The female catla fish can lay between 1-5 million eggs, depending on its size and age. The eggs are buoyant and are released into the water column.
Once the eggs are fertilized, they hatch into larvae within 24-36 hours. The larvae feed on plankton and other small organisms until they reach a size where they can start to feed on larger prey. The young catla fish grow quickly and can reach sexual maturity within 2-3 years.
Catla Fish Vitamins
Catla fish is a nutritious fish that contains a variety of vitamins important for human health. It is a good source of vitamin B12, which is important for maintaining healthy nerve cells and red blood cells.
It also contains vitamin D, which is important for maintaining strong bones and teeth, as well as supporting the immune system. Additionally, catla fish contains vitamin A, which is important for maintaining healthy eyes and skin, and vitamin E, which is an antioxidant that helps protect cells from damage.
Catla Fish Other Names
Catla fish is known by several other names depending on the region and language. In Hindi, it is called “Katla,” in Bengali “Katol,” in Telugu “Kattla,” in Tamil “Kendai,” in Kannada “Katla,” in Malayalam “Kuttan,” in Oriya “Kantia,” and in Marathi “Katala.”
Frequently Asked Questions
Many people ask questions about catla fish. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about this fish species, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.
What is catla fish?
Catla fish (Catla catla) is a freshwater fish species native to the Indian subcontinent, commonly found in rivers, lakes, and reservoirs. It is an important food fish in many parts of the world, and is also popular among anglers as a game fish. Catla fish is known for its large size and can grow up to 1.5 meters (4.9 feet) in length and weigh up to 45 kg (100 pounds). It is primarily herbivorous and feeds on a variety of plant matter such as aquatic plants, algae, and other vegetation. Catla fish is also an important species for aquaculture and is commonly raised in ponds and tanks for commercial purposes.
Is catla fish farming profitable?
Yes, catla is a very fast growing fish species, and raising them is relatively easy. Both demand a value of these fish are high in the market. So, commercial production of catla is a profitable business.
How to start catla fish farming business?
Starting this business commercially is relatively easy. First of all, select a good site, construct a pond, prepare the pond, collect and stock minnow, feed them well, take good care of them and finally harvest when the fish reach marketing weight.
Is catla fish good for health?
Yes, catla is good for health and it is rich in numerous nutrients such as zinc, potassium, selenium, iodine and vitamins (especially vitamin A). It is also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids. Consumption of this fish has also been known to lower the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.
Is catla fish tasty?
Yes, catla is a very tasty fish and it is eaten in many dishes. Especially, it become more tasty when cooked in mustard oil.
What is the scientific name of catla?
The scientific name of catla is ‘Catla catla‘.
Is catla and rohu same?
No, these are not same. Rohu and catla are two different fish. Catla is a fish with large broad head with greyish scales and whitish belly. On the other hand, rohu fish is large silver colored fish with an arched head.
Is catla a true fish?
Which is better rohu or catla?
Both are almost same in case of fat composition. Catla is clean tasting with smooth texture. Their head is more fatty and flavorful than that of rohu.
Is Catla fish high in mercury?
The safe concentrations of mercury were ranged in between 12.133 to 19.689 microg/l for catla.
Is catla fish boneless?
No, catla is fish with bones.
What is catla fish called in English?
Labeo catla. Also known as the Major South Asian Carp.
Is catla fish good for weight loss?
Catla is low in calories and very healthy. So, it can be good for weight loss. You should consult with your doctor for better recommendations.
Which has more bones catla or rohu?
Both fish species have almost same amount of bones. Catla has toal 108 pin bones, and rohu rish has 104.
How can you tell rohu and katla fish?
Catla is a fish with large broad head with grayish scales and whitish belly. On the other hand, rohu fish is large silver colored fish with an arched head.
Is catla a bottom feeder?
No, catla is not a bottom feeder, rather it is a surface feeder. Mrigal fish is a bottom feeder.
What is the cost of catla fish?
It’s not possible to tell the exact amount. And the price can vary from place to place. But, you can expect an average price of $3-$6 per kg.
Where catla fish is found?
Today, catla is found in many countries around the world. But, they are mainly found in India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Nepal.
Is catla a mid water feeder?
No, catla is a surface feeder.
How do you identify catla?
Catla is a fish with large broad head with grayish scales and whitish belly.
What is the meaning of catla?
Catla is a large cyprinid fish extensively used as food in southeast Asia.
What is the color of catla fish?
Catla si grayish on back and flanks, silvery-white below and fins are dusky.
What are the special facts about catla fish?
Grow very fast, one of the most important aquacultured freshwater fish species in South Asia, this fish grows best at water temperature between 25°C-32°C, very good for growing with other carp fish species, consumed fresh, total production increasing gradually.
What are the main characteristics of catla fish?
Catla fish have distinctive looks with large and broad head. They have a large protruding lower jaw, and upturned mouth. Scales of these fish are large and they have grayish scales on their dorsal side. The scales are whitish on their belly. Their body is short and deep, somewhat literally compressed. Their eyes are large and visible from underside of the head.