Catla Fish Characteristics, Feeding, Breeding, Uses

The Catla fish is an economically very important South Asian freshwater fish. It is in the carp family Cyprinidae.

It is known by many different names such as Katla, Katol, Indian Major carp, Chepti, Baudhekra, Bacha, Karakatla and Tambra.

The fish is mainly found in the rives and lakes in northern India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Myanmar.

The Catla fish is a freshwater species, and it is found rarely in brakish water. Some common habitats of this fish species are baors, beels, canals, ditch, floodplains, haors, lake, ponds and lakes.

The fish is generally marketed in fresh condition, and it command a good market price and consumer demand.

Catla Fish Information

Today, the Catla fish is commercially cultivated in many countries where it is available. It’s higher growth rate and compatibility with other major carps, specific surface feeding habit, and consumer preference have increased it’s popularity in carp polyculture system among the fish farmers. Read some more information about this carp fish species below.

Physical Characteristics

Catla fish have distinctive looks with large and broad head. They have a large protruding lower jaw, and upturned mouth. Scales of these fish are large and they have greyish scales on their dorsal side.

The scales are whitish on their belly. Their body is short and deep, somewhat literally compressed. Their eyes are large and visible from underside of the head.

katla, katla fish, katol fish, catla fish, katla fish picture

Lower lip of the Catla fish is very thick, and the upper lip is absent. Their anal fin is short, dorsal fin inserted slightly in advance of pelvic fins.

The caudal fin is forked, and the pectoral fins are long extending to pelvic fins. Fish with average body weight of 1-2 kg is generally sold in the market. But Catla fish can grow up to 20 kg. Their body length can reach around 1 meter in aged and large sized fish.

Feeding

Catla fish are surface and midwater feeder. The young are feed on both zooplankton and phytoplankton, but the mature fish are generally feed on zooplankton.

For commercial fish farming, they can be feed on both natural and supplementary feeds. Commercial carp fish feeds are usually good for them for better production.

They are also well habituated in taking wheat bran, rice bran, mustard oil cake and other supplementary fish feeds under aquaculture system.

Breeding

The Catla fish can breed naturally in flowing water bodies. Especially they breed very well in rivers, and floodplains during rainy season.

They generally reach maturity at their 3-5 years of age. Breeding in stagnant water bodies such as pond, is also possible. But this will require hormonal induction.

Breeding Catla fish artificially is very difficult, because it requires precise environmental conditions for spawning.

Uses

The Catla fish is bred and cultivated mainly for food. It is a very important fish species in aquaculture, and used as food. It is also often used as game fish in some place.

It is always marketed in fresh condition, and it command a good market price and consumer demand.

Special Notes

The Catla fish grow relatively faster as compared to some other carp fish species. It is one of the most important aquacultured freshwater fish species in South Asia.

It grows best at water temperature between 25°-32° c. It is very suitable and generally grown in polyculture ponds with other carp fish species, especially with Rui and Mrigal fish.

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Total production of Catla fish is increasing gradually. It is generally sold and consumed fresh, locally and regionally. In case of transportation, it is generally transported on ice.

Consumers generally prefer Catla with 1-2 kg body weight. However, review full profile of the Catla fish in the following chart.

NameCatla
KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassActinopterygii
OrderCypriniformes
FamilyCyprinidae
GenusCatla
SpeciesC. catla
Binomial NameCatla catla
Other NamesKnown by many different names such as Katla, Katol, Indian Major carp, Chepti, Baudhekra, Bacha, Karakatla and Tambra
Breed PurposeMainly food
Special NotesGrow very fast, one of the most important aquacultured freshwater fish species in South Asia, this fish grows best at water temperature between 25°-32° c, very good for growing with other carp fish species, consumed fresh, total production increasing gradually
Breeding MethodNatural and artificial
WeightCan grow up to 20 kg
Water TypeFreshwater
Climate ToleranceNative climates
Body ColorGreyish with whitish belly
RarityCommon
AvailabilitySouth Asia

Frequently Asked Questions

Many people ask questions about catla fish. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about this fish species, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

Is catla fish farming profitable?

Yes, catla is a very fast growing fish species, and raising them is relatively easy. Both demand a value of these fish are high in the market. So, commercial production of catla is a profitable business.

How to start catla fish farming business?

Starting this business commercially is relatively easy. First of all, select a good site, construct a pond, prepare the pond, collect and stock minnow, feed them well, take good care of them and finally harvest when the fish reach marketing weight.

Is catla fish good for health?

Yes, catla is good for health and it is rich in numerous nutrients such as zinc, potassium, selenium, iodine and vitamins (especially vitamin A). It is also a good source of omega-3 fatty acids. Consumption of this fish has also been known to lower the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis.

Is catla fish tasty?

Yes, catla is a very tasty fish and it is eaten in many dishes. Especially, it become more tasty when cooked in mustard oil.

katla, katla fish, katol fish, catla fish, katla fish picture

What is the scientific name of catla?

The scientific name of catla is ‘Catla catla‘.

Is catla and rohu same?

No, these are not same. Rohu and catla are two different fish. Catla is a fish with large broad head with greyish scales and whitish belly. On the other hand, rohu fish is large silver colored fish with an arched head.

Is catla a true fish?

Yes!

Which is better rohu or catla?

Both are almost same in case of fat composition. Catla is clean tasting with smooth texture. Their head is more fatty and flavorful than that of rohu.

Is Catla fish high in mercury?

The safe concentrations of mercury were ranged in between 12.133 to 19.689 microg/l for catla.

Is catla fish boneless?

No, catla is fish with bones.

What is catla fish called in English?

Labeo catla. Also known as the Major South Asian Carp.

Is catla fish good for weight loss?

Catla is low in calories and very healthy. So, it can be good for weight loss. You should consult with your doctor for better recommendations.

Which has more bones catla or rohu?

Both fish species have almost same amount of bones. Catla has toal 108 pin bones, and rohu rish has 104.

How can you tell rohu and katla fish?

Catla is a fish with large broad head with grayish scales and whitish belly. On the other hand, rohu fish is large silver colored fish with an arched head.

Is catla a bottom feeder?

No, catla is not a bottom feeder, rather it is a surface feeder. Mrigal fish is a bottom feeder.

What is the cost of catla fish?

It’s not possible to tell the exact amount. And the price can vary from place to place. But, you can expect an average price of $3-$6 per kg.

Where catla fish is found?

Today, catla is found in many countries around the world. But, they are mainly found in India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Nepal.

Is catla a mid water feeder?

No, catla is a surface feeder.

How do you identify catla?

Catla is a fish with large broad head with grayish scales and whitish belly.

What is the meaning of catla?

Catla is a large cyprinid fish extensively used as food in southeast Asia.

What is the color of catla fish?

Catla si grayish on back and flanks, silvery-white below and fins are dusky.

What are the special facts about catla fish?

Grow very fast, one of the most important aquacultured freshwater fish species in South Asia, this fish grows best at water temperature between 25°C-32°C, very good for growing with other carp fish species, consumed fresh, total production increasing gradually.

What are the main characteristics of catla fish?

Catla fish have distinctive looks with large and broad head. They have a large protruding lower jaw, and upturned mouth. Scales of these fish are large and they have grayish scales on their dorsal side. The scales are whitish on their belly. Their body is short and deep, somewhat literally compressed. Their eyes are large and visible from underside of the head.

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