Carp fish farming is very profitable and a popular business. Commercial fish farming is very popular in some South Asian countries especially in India, Bangladesh, Thailand etc.
Carp fishes are economically very important and many people are doing this business as a full time business. So, this business is a great employment source for the rural people.
Traditionally, carp fishes are raised in earthen ponds. But today, people are growing these fish in tanks and are utilizing very little space.
Not only in Asia, carp fishes are available and raised throughout the world. These fishes are great source of protein and can play a very important role in total food production.
Both demand and price of carp fishes are good in the market. So, you don’t have to worry much about marketing your products if you want to start this business.
Advantages of Carp Fish Farming Business
There are many benefits or advantages of carp fish farming. Here we are trying to describe more about the top advantages of carp fish farming business.
- Commercial carp fish farming is very easy and simple. Even the beginners can also grow them.
- You can utilize your existing pond or tanks for growing carp fishes.
- You can even use your rooftop for culturing these fish.
- Farm raised carp fishes are more nutritious as compared to wild fish.
- Various carp fish species are available to choose from. You can choose any species depending on your need.
- Carp fishes already have an established market throughout the world. So, you don’t have to worry much about marketing your products.
- You can start either small scale or large scale production depending on your budget.
- Carp fish farming is already a profitable business venture. So, if you don’t have enough capital to start this business, then you can apply for bank loan.
- Commercial production is an excellent employment source. Young educated people can enter into this business for eradicating unemployment problem.
- Consuming fish daily has many health benefits. And you can enjoy fresh fish if you start growing your own.
How to Start Carp Fish Farming
Starting carp fish farming is very easy and simple. You don’t have to have much knowledge for starting this business. Even the beginners can also raise them.
But you must have to be trained if you want to apply the advanced technology. Here we are trying to describe more about the steps for starting and running a successful carp fish farming business.
Select Area For The Farm
First of all, you have to select a very good, calm and secure place for starting your carp fish farming business.
You can either start the business in your existing farm area or start in a new area. Consider the following factors while selecting an area for this business.
- Try to select a calm and noise free area.
- Total area of the selected land should accommodate everything that you need for this business.
- It will be better if you can avoid flooding and polluted areas.
- Don’t select the land near the crop field, because farmers generally use a lot of chemical fertilizers and pesticides. These chemicals and pesticides will pollute the water of your pond.
- Ensure good transportation system is available in your selected area. Good transportation system is required for properly marketing your products.
- It will be better,if your selected land is slightly lower than the main water source. It will help you to reduce the cost of filling your pond with water. Natural gravity will fill the land without any cost. But you don’t want to worry about this if you are willing to start in tanks.
Type of Your Farm
Determine how you want to start your fish production business. You can grow the fishes in cages, ponds, lakes or even in tanks. And you can start either intensive or extensive system for producing fish.
Pond Design & Construction
If you want to grow fish in earthen pond, then constructing the ponds is very important. Have a design approved from an expert and construct the pond according to the design.
You can also contact with your nearest fisheries institute to learn more about specific pond design for specific fish species.
Carp fish species can be grown in ponds, lakes, cages and in tanks. They generally grow well in tropical areas. And best growth and maximum production is obtained when water temperature ranges between 25°C and 30°C. And most of the carp fish species can’t tolerate salinity.
Select The Right Fish Species
Selecting the right fish species is very important for having good production and making maximum profits. Select the species depending on it’s availability in your area and also the demand and price. Most common carp fish species are;
Right stocking density is very important. Suppose, you have a pond measuring 40 meter long and 20 meter wide, and a water depth of 1.2 meter. Such a pond can hold around 960 cubic meters of water.
Now, you can stock around 2-3 carp fish per cubic meter. So your 800 square meter pond with 1.2 meter depth is ideal for stocking and growing 1920-2880 carp fishes. You can also consult with an expert in your area.
Feeding the fish with very good quality and nutritious food is the most important part of commercial carp fish farming business. Because, good food not only helps the fish to gain weight, but also helps them to stay free from health problems.
Today, there are many companies available which are producing ready-made feeds for the fishes. You can use such commercial feeds for better growth.
But you can also feed the fish with homemade pellets. You can use easily available ingredients for producing the pellets such as rice bran, oat groats, corn, canola meal, alfalfa meal, linseed meal and some vegetables.
Most of the carp fishes will not breed in your farm. They need artificial conditions for breeding. Don’t worry about this. The fish breeding hatcheries will do this job for you. You just have to purchase the fingerlings.
Taking good care of the fish is very important for proper growth and maximum production of the fish. So, always try to take good care of them along with feeding good quality feeds. Try to maintain the water quality, and also monitor their health on a regular basis.
It can take 6 months to 1 year for reaching the harvesting size. You can start harvesting when the fish reaches your desired size, for example 800 grams to 1 kg. You can use netting or any other methods for harvesting.
Marketing carp fish species is very easy and simple. Most of the carp fish species have very good demand and value in the market. So, you don’t have to worry much about marketing your products. Just focus on production. 🙂
These are the common steps and ways for starting and operating a successful carp fish farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!
Frequently Asked Questions
People ask many questions about commercial carp fish farming business. Here we are listing the most common questions about this profitable business, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.
Is carp fish farming profitable?
Yes, commercial carp fish farming is a very profitable business. These fish grow faster and generally require less caring and other management. Even the beginners can start this business. If there is good demand of this fish in your local market, then you can start this fish farming business for making money. Particularly in India, Bangladesh, Thailand, and other South Asian nations, commercial fish farming is particularly a lucrative business.
How to start carp fish farming business?
Starting commercial carp fish farming is relatively easy and simple. First of all, select a very good location, then make a pond, stock fish in the pond, feed your fish with good quality and nutritious food, provide required medicine and always try to take good care of your fish.
How long does it take for a carp fish to grow?
Depends on numerous factors and it’s pretty tough to tell the exact time. Juveniles may grow up to 15 inches in their first year of life and they usually reach sexual maturity in 3-4 years.
What do carp fish naturally eat?
Most of the carp fish consume a range of different natural foods, including planktonic crustaceans, insects (including their larvae and pupae), the tender parts and seeds of water plants, and also fish eggs and larvae, as well as smaller fish. But for commercial production, you can feed them with ready-made/commercial carp fish feeds.
Why are carp a problem?
Because their feeding disrupts shallowly rooted plants muddying the water. They release phosphorus that increases algae abundance.
Which carp grows fastest?
Catla fish grow very fast as compared to many other carp fish species.
What is a carp favorite food?
Most of the carp fishes eat a variety of foods. They generally prefer insects, aquatic worms, crustaceans and mollusks. But they also consume algae and other plant matter.
Is carp a junk fish?
Maligned by anglers and non-anglers alike, common carp are generally seen as a “trash fish” in America.
How much do carp eat per day?
Depends on the age, size and weight of a carp fish. Generally, the carp fish consume food about 1.7 to 2% of their body weight.
How fast do carp reproduce?
Depending on the water temperature, eggs take three or four days to hatch. Males are typically large enough to spawn at 3 to 5 years and females at 4 to 5 years. Carp do not provide any care for their babies.
How long can carp fish go without food?
Most cold water fish will be fine for one week without food, however tropical fish usually need to be fed more often.
Can carp fish live in saltwater?
No, most of the carp fishes can’t tolerate salinity and can’t live in saltwater.
How long does it take for a carp to get full size?
Depends on numerous factors. If the water temperature is suitable, its many forms and strains can attain an individual weight of about 0.2–0.3 kg, 1–1.2 kg and 2.5–3.5 kg within about 2–3, 5–7 and 10–14 months, respectively.
How many eggs does a carp lay a year?
Most of the carp fish become mature within their 2 to 7 years of age. And a female carp can produce up to one million eggs per year.