Mrigal Fish

Mrigal fish is a very common and popular carp fish species which is found and native to Indo-Gangetic riverine system. It is a very important fish and is one of the three Indian major carp species cultivated widely in Southeast Asian countries. Other two are Rui and Catla fish.

Mrigal fish has long been important in commercial fish farming business with other native species in Indian subcontinent. Long records of raising this fish species is not available. But the traditional Mrigal fish farming was restricted to eastern parts of India until the 1950s.

The technology of artificial propagation which was a new way of fish farming assured seed supply in the 1960s. And it resulted the foundation of scientific carp culture. Mrigal grew quickly and performed well with other carp fish species. People kept it in ponds and then later moved it to rivers in India, where it now lives everywhere in the country.

Mrigal is actually a species of ray-finned fish in the carp family. It is also called Cirrhinus mrigala, Cirrhinus cirrhosus, Morakhi, Moree, White carp and Mrigal carp fish.

It is native to streams and rivers of Southeast Asia, especially India. The only surviving wild population of this fish is in the Cauvery River, leading to it’s IUCN rating as Vulnerable. It is widely aquacultured in many countries, and also introduced outside it’s native range.

Today, Mrigal fish has become an important component in the fish farming systems of India, Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Laos, Thailand and Nepal. It has also been introduced into China, Mauritius, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.

Why Mrigal Fish is Highly Popular?

‚ÄčMrigal fish is highly popular for several reasons. It is mainly popular for its fast growth rate, compatibility to raise with other fish species, cultural adaptation to different aquaculture systems and also for the assured supply of seeds.

Importance of Mrigal Fish in Aquaculture and Fisheries

Mrigal fish is one of the 3 Indian major carp fish species, cultivated widely in Southeast Asian countries. It has long been important in aquaculture with other native fish species.

Mrigal is a very popular fish and has very good local demand and value. Commercial Mrigal fish farming can be a great employment source for the unemployed people, and it’s a great business for making high profits in relatively less investment.

Fast growth rate, compatibility to raise with other fish species, adaptation to different aquaculture systems, and assured supply of seeds has made Mrigal a very important fish both in small scale and commercial fish farming business.

Characteristics

The Mrigal fish can grow very big. Their body is bilaterally symmetrical and streamlined. The depth is about equal to length of head. Their body is covered with cycloid scales, and there are no scales on their head and snout blunt. Their mouth is broad, transverse (the upper lip entire and not continuous with lower lip).

They have pharyngeal teeth in 3 rows 5.4.2/2.4.5 pattern; lower jaw with a small post-symphysial knob or tubercle. Pectoral fins of the Mrigal fish are shorter than head, and the anal fin don’t extend to caudal fin. The Pectoral, pelvic and anal fins with 18-19, 9 and 8 soft rays respectively. The caudal fin is homocercal and deeply forked.

cirrhinus mrigala, cirrhinus cirrhosus, morakhi, moree, white carp, mrigal carp fish, mrigal fish, about mrigal fish, mrigal fish appearance, mrigal fish breeding, mrigal fish care, caring mrigal fish, mrigal fish color, mrigal fish characteristics, mrigal fish eggs, mrigal fish eggs production, mrigal fish facts, mrigal fish farming, mrigal fish farms, mrigal fish history, mrigal fish info, mrigal fish images, mrigal fish origin, mrigal fish photos, mrigal fish pictures, mrigal fish rarity, raising mrigal fish, mrigal fish rearing, mrigal fish size, mrigal fish uses, mrigal fish varieties, mrigal fish weight, mrigal fish scales

Body color of the Mrigal fish is usually dark grey on the back and silvery on the sides and belly. Their fins are of grayish color, tips of pelvic, and the lower lobe of caudal are tinged orange (especially during the breeding season).

The mouth of these fish is devoid of any teeth on the jaws, like all other carp fish species. They can generally reach a maximum length of around 1 meter, with an average length of around 40 cm. Average live body weight of the fish is around 1-2 kg, with a maximum weight of around 12.7 kg.

Diet: Mrigal fish are the benthopelagic and potamodromous plankton feeder. Naturally they are mainly feed on detritus such as debris found in the bottom layers of the water. They are also a keen algae and invertebrates feeder. But today they are feed commercial feeds in commercial production.

Reproduction: Hatchlings of Mrigal generally remain in the surface or sub-surface waters. But the fry and fingerling tend to move to deeper water. And the mature fish are bottom dwellers. Depending on location, Mrigal fish generally reach maturity within their 1-2 years of age, when their body length reach around 34 cm. In natural conditions, generally breeding occurs during the south-west monsoon season in shallow newly inundated wetlands and or river side pools. They generally breed in water of 0.5-1.0 m. The females can lay up to a million eggs. Artificial breeding is very popular for this fish species.

Lifespan: Average lifespan of the Mrigal fish is around 10 to 15 years in the wild. But exact lifespan can vary based on factors such as environmental conditions, habitat, and the presence of predators. Their lifespan might also be influenced by the farming practices and conditions.

Distribution and Natural Habitat

Mrigal fish is native to Southeast Asia, but mainly found in India. It’s natural habitats are ponds and rivers. Along with the availability in India, currently this fish is also available in Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Laos, Thailand, Nepal, China, Mauritius, Japan, Malaysia, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Vietnam.

Aquaculture Significance

Mrigal is a very important fish species in commercial fish farming business. It grows fast and commercial production is very profitable along with other Indian carp fish species. It’s very easy to make good profits from this business.

Nutritional Value and Health Benefits

The Mrigal fish is not just tasty, it’s very nutritious and good for health. It is a very good source of protein, essential vitamins and minerals. It contains calcium, phosphorus and vitamin A. Consuming this fish is good for bones, teeth and also eyes. Mrigal fish also provides omega-3 fatty acids, which are very good for our hearts and brains.

Culinary Uses and Popular Dishes

The Mrigal fish is mainly used for food. It has great economic importance in it’s native range. And people love to cook it in many different ways. It can be fired, grilled, or just cooked in a spicy curry. Preparing the fish is very easy and many traditional and popular Mrigal fish recipes available. Some popular Mrigal fish recipes or dishes are:

  • Spicy Mrigal fish curry
  • Grilled Mrigal fish
  • Mrigal fish fry
  • Mrigal fish in coconut curry
  • Biryani
  • Tandoori
  • Kebabs
  • Soup

Cultural Significance

Mrigal fish holds a special place in Indian culture. People have been farming Mrigal and enjoying it for a long time, making it a part of Indian traditions. In most areas, Mrigal fish often finds it’s way to the table in festivals and celebrations.

Mrigal’s presence in various culinary dishes in Indian subcontinent reflects the rich cultural diversity of Indian cuisine. Mrigal also a symbol of togetherness, because it gets along well with other carp fish species in the same pond.

Special Notes

The Mrigal fish are fast growers. They are generally a species of freshwater, but can also tolerate high levels of salinity. It is very popular as a food fish, and a very important aquacultured freshwater fish species throughout South Asia. It is widely cultured as a component of a polyculture system of 3 Indian major carps, along with Rui and Catla fish.

cirrhinus mrigala, cirrhinus cirrhosus, morakhi, moree, white carp, mrigal carp fish, mrigal fish, about mrigal fish, mrigal fish appearance, mrigal fish breeding, mrigal fish care, caring mrigal fish, mrigal fish color, mrigal fish characteristics, mrigal fish eggs, mrigal fish eggs production, mrigal fish facts, mrigal fish farming, mrigal fish farms, mrigal fish history, mrigal fish info, mrigal fish images, mrigal fish origin, mrigal fish photos, mrigal fish pictures, mrigal fish rarity, raising mrigal fish, mrigal fish rearing, mrigal fish size, mrigal fish uses, mrigal fish varieties, mrigal fish weight, mrigal fish scales

The introduction to aquaculture across India started in the early 1940s and in the 1950s and in the 1960s to other Asian countries. However, review full breed profile of the Mrigal fish in the following chart.

NameMrigal
KingdomAnimalia
PhylumChordata
ClassActinopterygii
OrderCypriniformes
FamilyCyprinidae
GenusCirrhinus
SpeciesC. cirrhosus
Binomial Name/Scientific NameCirrhinus mrigala
Other NamesAlso called Cirrhinus mrigala, Cirrhinus cirrhosus, Morakhi, Moree, White carp and Mrigal carp fish
Breed PurposeMainly food
WeightGenerally 1-2 kg, with a maximum weight of around 12.7 kg
Special NotesMainly a freshwater fish species, but can also tolerate salinity, very fast growers, very popular as food fish in their native areas, very popular in polyculture with Catla and Rui fish
Breeding MethodBoth natural and artificial
Climate ToleranceNative climates
Body ColorUsually dark grey on the back and silvery on the sides and belly
RarityCommon
AvailabilitySouth Asia

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

People ask many questions about Mrigal fish. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about this fish species, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

How do I know if I have Mrigal?

Mrigal is similar to some other carp fish species. Their mouth is devoid of any teeth on the jaws. Body color usually dark grey on the back and silvery on the sides and belly. Fins are grayish, tips of pelvic, anal and lower lobe of caudal are tinged orange, especially during the breeding season.

Is Mrigal fish edible?

Yes, sure! Mrigal is a freshwater edible fish.

Does Mrigal fish have bones?

Yes, they have numerous bones.

What does Mrigal fish eat?

Mrigal is mainly illiophagous, feeding on the bottom on decayed vegetation, although it can also switch to a filter feeding mode.

Is Mrigal omnivorous fish?

Mature Mrigals are almost entirely herbivorous, and are feed on plankton, but also grazes on algae. But the juveniles are omnivorous to about 5 cm TL.

What is the color of yolk of Mrigal fish?

Vary from light red to brownish or reddish, depending on the diameter.

Is Mrigal fish is tasty?

Yes, the fish is very tasty than some other freshwater fish species.

Is Mrigal a fresh water fish?

Yes, Mrigal is a freshwater fish species.

Is Mrigal fish good for health?

Yes, they are healthy and a very good source of protein.

Is Mrigal a bottom feeder?

Yes, Mrigal is a bottom feeder.

How does Catla differ from Mrigal?

Mrigal have a narrower range of acceptable foods, being bottom-feeders living mainly on decaying vegetation. While the Catla fish are a surface feeder and sustain on phytoplankton mainly, and they have large head.

How long does Mrigal fish take to grow?

Depends on your target market size. Generally, they grow very faster, and become ready for marketing as early as 6-8 months.

What is the scientific name of Mrigal fish?

Cirrhinus cirrhosus is the scientific name of Mrigal fish.

What are other names of Mrigal fish?

Mrigal is also called Cirrhinus mrigala, Cirrhinus cirrhosus, Morakhi, Moree, White carp and Mrigal carp fish.

Is Mrigal a middle zone feeder?

No! Mrigal is a bottom feeder.

Is Mrigal a surface feeder?

No! Mrigal is a bottom feeder.

What i so special about Mrigal fish?

Mrigal is mainly a freshwater fish species, but can also tolerate some salinity, very fast growers, very popular as food fish in their native areas, very popular in polyculture with Catla and Rui fish.

What is the body color of Mrigal fish?

Usually dark grey on the back and silvery on the sides and belly.

What are the main characteristics of Mrigal fish?

The Mrigal fish can grow very big. Their body is bilaterally symmetrical and streamlined. The depth is about equal to length of head. Their body is covered with cycloid scales, and there are no scales on their head and snout blunt. Their mouth is broad, transverse (the upper lip entire and not continuous with lower lip). They have pharyngeal teeth in 3 rows 5.4.2/2.4.5 pattern; lower jaw with a small post-symphysial knob or tubercle. They can generally reach a maximum length of around 1 meter, with an average length of around 40 cm. Average live body weight of the fish is around 1-2 kg, with a maximum weight of around 12.7 kg.

2 thoughts on “Mrigal Fish”

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top