The Nagpuri buffalo is a very good breed of water buffalo from India. It is actually from Maharashtra, and it stands better amongst the buffalo breeds which combine the milk and drought qualities in a better proportion in adverse climatic conditions. It is a River type buffalo breed. It is also known by many other different names such as Arvi, Berari, Chanda, Gangauri, Gaolaogan, Gaolavi, Gaorani, Puranthadi, Shahi and Varhadi.
The Nagpuri buffalo is actually a central Indian breed. As the name suggests, it is a versatile breed of the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra, India. Main breeding tract of these animals is Akola, Amrawati and Nagpur districts of Maharashtra, but also found in the Buldana, Achalpur and Wardha districts. They are very well adapted to the harsh-semi-arid conditions of Vidarbha region. Read some more information about this Indian buffalo breed below.
Physical Characteristics of Nagpuri Buffalo
The Nagpuri buffalo has smaller and lighter body compared to other buffalo breeds found in north India. Their body color is generally black, but they have white patches on their face, legs and tail tips. They have long horns which are flat and curved and bending backward on each side of the neck nearly up to the shoulders with tips pointed mostly in upward direction. Their face is long and thin with a straight and thin profile. Their neck is longer with heavy brisket. The naval flap is short or almost absent. Their limbs are light and the tail is squat and short (tail slight reaching below hocks).
Average body height of the Nagpuri buffalo is around 145 cm for the male, and around 135 cm for the female. And heart girth is 210 and 205 for male and female respectively. Average live body weight of the mature male is around 525 kg, and around 425 kg for females. Photo and info from Allpedia and Wikipedia.
The Nagpuri buffaloes are moderately good milk producers. The males are also used for heavy draught but they are comparatively slow.
The Nagpuri buffaloes are very strong and hardy animals. They are very well adapted to the harsh-semi-arid conditions of the Vidarbha region. They can withstand extreme climatic conditions as high as 47º C, even in respect of milk production and fertility. They are generally maintained in semi-intensive management system.
The Nagpuri buffaloes are very good for milk production. Their average lactation period is around 286 days. And on an average, they produce minimum 1055 liters of milk per lactation. Their milk is of very good quality containing around 7.7 percent of fat. The bullocks are often used for heavy trotting work, but they are relatively slow in movement. However, review full breed profile of the Nagpuri buffalo in the following table.
Nagpuri Buffalo | Breed Profile
|Other Name||Also known by many other different names such as Arvi, Berari, Chanda, Gangauri, Gaolaogan, Gaolavi, Gaorani, Puranthadi, Shahi and Varhadi|
|Breed Purpose||Milk, draught|
|Special Notes||Very strong and hardy animals, very well adapted to the harsh-semi-arid conditions of the Vidarbha region, can withstand extreme climatic conditions as high as 47º C, even in respect of milk production and fertility, generally kept in semi-intensive management system, the cows are pretty good for milk production, average lactation period is around 286 days, they produce minimum 1055 liters of milk per lactation, milk is of good quality containing around 7.7 percent of fat content, the bullocks are good for heavy trotting purpose but are relatively slow in movement|
|Breed Size||Small to medium|
|Bulls||Around 525 kg|
|Cows||Around 425 kg|
|Climate Tolerance||Native climates|
|Country/Place of Origin||India|