Commercial quail farming in India can be a great source of handsome income and employment opportunity. Along with economic importance quail farming is also very pleasuring and entertaining. Quails are very small sized poultry bird and their rearing system is very easy and simple. Quails are very suitable for commercial production of both meat and eggs. And commercial quail farming business is more profitable than any other poultry business. Quails can adopt themselves with almost all types of climate and environment. And Indian climate is very suitable for raising quails commercially. Here I am describing the advantages and steps for starting commercial quail farming in India.
Advantages of Quail Farming in India
Quails are small sized birds. They require less space, feed, care and other managements. The main benefits of starting commercial quail farming in India are listed below.
- Quails are small sized poultry birds and they require minimum floor space.
- Required initial investment is comparatively very low.
- Quails are comparatively sturdy than any other poultry birds.
- Quails reach marketing age earlier. They reach marketing weight within 5 weeks of age.
- They gain sexual maturity earlier. Layer quails start laying eggs within their six to seven weeks of age.
- They have high egg laying rate. A layer quail can lays about 280 eggs per year.
- Quail meat is very tasty and lower in fat than chicken meat. This meat helps to promote body and brain development in children.
- Quails egg is small in size but has about equal nutritional value like chicken egg.
- Quail meat and eggs are very suitable diet for children, patients, pregnant and nursing mothers.
- Feeding and other costs are less in quails. And they have a very good feed to meat or egg converting efficiency.
- You can easily raise some quails with your other birds and animals.
- Commercial quail farming business can be a great source of income and employment for the unemployed people and women.
Starting Quail Farming in India
Starting quail farming business is very easy and simple. You can easily start your own quail farming business with other birds or commercially. Follow the steps described here very carefully to maintain profitable quail farming in India.
There are about 18 breeds of quail are available throughout the world. Most of those are suitable for commercial quail farming in India. Some of those breeds are suitable for commercial meat production and some are famous for commercial egg production purpose. Bobwhite (American) and White Breasted (Indian) are broiler quail and suitable for meat production business. Some highly egg producing quail breeds are British Range, English White, Manchurian Golden, Pharaoh and Tuxedo. You can choose any of this breeds according to your production purpose. Always buy healthy and productive quails from famous farm or breeders.
Housing is very important for commercial quail farming in India. You can start raising quails in both deep litter and cage system. In deep litter quail farming system you can keep 4 to 6 birds per squire feet. But raising the quails in cage system has more facilities than raising in deep litter farming system. After two weeks of age you can shift the birds into the cage. For the first 2 weeks you can keep 100 birds in a cage sized of 3 * 2.5 * 1.5 square feet. And form 3 weeks to 6 weeks age you have to provide 4 * 2.5 * 1.5 square feet area for 50 birds. Make several colonies in the cage and keep about 10-12 layer birds per colony for commercial egg production. Keep one male quails for every three female for breeding purpose. Always clean the house and cage on a regular basis. Make proper ventilation system inside the house and ensure sufficient entrance of light and fresh air.
Providing good quality nutritious food plays vital role in the growth, health and overall production of quails. So, feeding good quality food is very important for gaining high profit from commercial quail farming in India. Generally an adult quail consume about 20 to 35 grams of food daily. The food of newly born baby quail should contain about 27% of protein and adult food about 22-24%. See the chart below for preparing foods for you quail.
Breeding of quail is very easy and simple. You can easily do the breeding process of quails. Generally quails gain sexual maturity at their 5 to 7 weeks of age. Layer quail start laying eggs from their 6-7 weeks of age. They attain about 50% of egg production at 8th weeks of age. For breeding purpose in commercial farm keep the male and female quail ratio as 1:5. It take about 18 days to hatch the eggs and producing quail chicks. The day old quail chicks normally weight around 8 to 10 grams. They become very sensitive to temperature. And absence of adequate temperature leads to clustering of young chicks and causes high mortality rate. So, become very careful during this period and take good care of them.
Care & Management
Diseases are the main constraints of successful quail farming in India. You must have to take good care of your birds and provide them good shelter and food. Add adequate amount of vitamins and minerals in their regular food. Quails are very resistant to infectious diseases than chicken and other poultry birds. So there is no vaccination required for quails. But one thing you have to do perfectly is “always taking good care of your birds”.
Quail meat and egg has huge domestic demand in India. So, there is no tension about marketing your products. You can easily sell your products in your nearest local market or in big cities near your location.
Commercial quail farming business in India has a great probability. Quail meat and egg has great demand in the market. So, you can easily start raising some quails with your other birds or setup commercial quail farming in India. Best of luck!