Lamancha goats are formally known as a dairy goat breed. They are well known throughout the world mainly for their high milk production and the comparatively high butterfat content in their milk. Lamancha goats are member of the Capra genus, like all other domestic goats. They were first bred in Oregon by Mrs. Eula Fay Frey. Lamancha goats are easily recognized by their very short ear pinnae. Perhaps they are the most distinctive goat breed. In the early 1950s, the short-eared Lamancha goats were first gained recognition as a distinct breed. Lamancha goats are the only breed of goat which were developed in the USA. They are among the old dairy goat breeds, and very popular for milk production in the USA.
They are highly popular mainly for their adaptability to various environment and circumstances. Their milk contain a lots of butterfats and other necessary nutrition. Lamanchas are also very suitable for the purpose of raising goats as pets. They have wonderful temperament and also exhibited in show rings for recreational purposes.
Lamancha goats have many special facts and characteristics, which have made them a distinct dairy goats. The breed characteristics of Lamancha goats are described as follows.
- Lamancha goats come with a wide variety of colors. Actually they can be of any colors.
- Lamancha bucks stand about 30 inches or more at the withers, and does about 28 inches.
- Usually a Lamancha buck weights about 165 pounds or more, and a doe weights about 130 pounds.
- The body of Lamancha goats is covered with fine and glossy fur coat and they have a straight face.
- Usually they are diurnal in nature and graze on small shrubs, fresh vegetables, herbs and trees.
- The most special characteristic of Lamancha goats are their ears. They are of two types, based on their ears. One with gopher ears and other with elf ears. Their ears are usually wrinkled folds of skin near the head. Gopher ears are shorter (not more than one inch). And the elf ears are about two inches in length. Elf ears have much cartilage than the gopher ears. The ear types turn either up or down at tips (in both these two varieties of goats).
- Lamancha goats are very hardy animals. They can withstand a great deal of hardships (like rough topographical factors and tough climatic conditions). And they love to live in groups.
- The Lamancha kids have 6 lower incisors (when the young are born). They have a complete set of milk teeth comprising 24 molars and 6 lower incisors, after 4 weeks of their birth. Their upper jaw has bony plates to rub against the lower jaw (but it doesn’t contain milk teeth). Like other animals, Lamancha kids also start following their mom as soon as they are born. They become independent and walk on their own, after about 10 months of of age after their birth. Young Lamancha goats gain sexual maturity within their 6 months of age.
Lamancha goats are well behaved, good tempered and calm in nature. They are also very suitable for raising as pets. They are quite dependable dairy goat breeds for their moderate temperament and easy adaptability.
The breeding season of Lamancha goats is in fall or winters. A Lamancha doe goes into heat for 1 to 2 days in every 21 day cycles. And this is the appropriate time for reproduction. After successful mating and fertilization, the does go through about 155 days gestation period. The does require special care and management during this period. Lamancha goats are usually born as twins or triplets. Bucks also require special care for good health and better reproduction.
As we have stated above, Lamancha goats are highly milk productive dairy goat breeds. On an average, a Lamancha doe can produce about 3 liters of milk daily over a 10 month lactation period. They are indispensable diary goats, and does can be milked for a continuous 2 years without the need for re-breeding. Milk of Lamancha goats contain about 3.1 percent of proteins and about 3.9 percent of butterfats. In a word, they are excellent as dairy goats and very suitable for commercial dairy goat farming.
Lamancha goats are excellent dairy goat. They are among the best dairy goats. They produce milk highly, and their milk contains higher amount of proteins, minerals, vitamins and lower amount of cholesterol than cow’s milk. The fat content of their milk is much more than that of Swiss goats. The milk of Lamancha goats is easily digestible and suitable for all aged people. They are very cooperative and calm in nature, so you can easily raise some Lamanchas for the purpose of producing fresh milk by your own. They are intelligent and smart enough like other goats. They are good escape artists. They are also vulnerable when it comes to predators like foxes, fogs, cougars and eagles. So you have to make a strong fence around your property, if you intend to raise them for milk production purpose or as pets.