Jamunapari goat is a very beautiful dairy goat breed which was originated from India. This breed first introduced near a river of Uttar Pradesh named Jamuna. Since this breed is mostly known as Jamunapari goat. They are also known as some other names like Jamnapari, Ram Sagol etc. They become highly meat and milk productive and also very suitable for show. In India this goat breed is considered as the best dairy goat. They are one of the giant goat breeds with a pair of very long ear. The physical characteristics, feeding, housing, breeding and caring of Jamunapari goat are described below.
- The body of this goat is comparatively long sized than other goats.
- They are of white, black, yellow, brown or various mixed colored.
- Long sized legs with long hair in the thigh and back legs.
- Love to graze in the open field.
- The tail of Jamunapari goat is short and typically curved upward.
- Very long sized thin ears which are curved downwards.
- Has a pair of small sized horns which are curved to backwards.
- They produce one baby goat per year.
- Female Jamunapari goat gives about 2-3 litter milk daily.
- An adult male goat weights about 65-90 kg and an adult female goat weights about 40-60 kg.
- Almost all goat has slightly brown spots in their mouth and neck.
- The udder is comparatively capacious but pendulous and the teats are long.
- The milk of Jamunapari goat is very tasty and healthy. And it contains about 5% fat.
Jamunapari goats spend about 94% of their time browsing vigorously during winter season and browse slowly in hot summer seasons (about 55% of their time). Although they love grazing they also needs some extra nutritious food too. You can feed your goat a concentrate grain mixture at morning before going out to pasture. Give a special diet to the pregnant and show goat consisting of barley, jowar (sorghum bicolor), bajra (pennisetum americanum) and sufficient wheat whole or in the form of a gruel. Kids are raised by their mother for their three months of age. In this period they consume their mothers milk and some other extra foods like green grasses, leaves etc. The male goats for breeding purposes also needs some extra care and nutritious food enriched with sufficient protein, calcium and energy. Also ensure sufficient supply of fresh and clean water regularly.
The conception rate of Jamunapari goat is very high and it is nearly 90%. Triplets and quadruplets are common in this goat breed. Their average age of first conception is 18 months. Kidding rate 1.6 and twinning 52%. First kidding at the age of 23 months and inter-kidding interval is about 11 months.
Jamunapari goats are generally kept under extensive method. They generally browse about 7-12 hours in a single day and stay in house only at night. Some south Asian goat producers keep their goats in a small herds with other animals due to lack of space. But for commercial production of jamunapari goat, they need a good housing. A room of 12X8 square feet is suitable for keeping 16 goats together. Make the house high from the ground with wooden, bamboo or concrete poles. Try to keep the floor dry and make a proper ventilation system. Make a separate house for the male goats for breeding purpose.