Nili-Ravi Buffalo Characteristics, Origin & Uses Info

The Nili-Ravi buffalo is a breed of domestic buffalo which is similar to the Murrah buffalo. It is distributed in Bangladesh, China, India, Pakistan, Philippines and Sri Lanka.

But it is principally distributed in Pakistan and India, and is concentrated in the Punjab. It is mainly a dairy buffalo breed and used principally for milk production.

The Nili-Ravi buffalo breed date back to the Indus River Valley civilizations when they were two different buffalo, Nili and Ravi.

However, due to coincidental standards, both buffalo breeds looked very similar and it became hard to distinguish the two.

So, the two breeds became one, Nili-Ravi in 1950. Read some more information about this breed below.

Physical Characteristics of Nili-Ravi Buffalo

The Nili-Ravi buffalo breed has a wedge shaped body with massive frame. These animals are mostly black in color, but often have white markings on the forehead, face, muzzle and lower parts of the legs (due to which it is also called ‘Panj Kalyan‘).

Their horns are small and curly and have wall eyes. The females have a larger and strong udder.

Average body height of the mature males is around 135 cm for males, and around 125 cm for females.

Average live body weight of the mature Nili-Ravi buffalo is around 700 kg for males and around 600 kg for females. Photo and info from and Wikipedia.


The Nili-Ravi buffalo is a dairy buffalo breed. It is used mainly for milk production.

Special Notes

The Nili-Ravi buffaloes are generally docile in terms of temperament. The males on average mature within their 30 months of age, and the females within their 36 months of age.

Average first calving age is around 45 months. The females are very good for milk production.

Average approximate milk production is around 2000 kg per year (maximum recorded yield is 6535 kg in a lactation period of 378 days). And longevity of milk production is good.

Milk of these animals is of very good quality, containing more than 6 percent of fat. However, review full breed profile of the Nili-Ravi buffalo in the table below.

Breed NameNili-Ravi
Other NameNone
Breed PurposeMilk
Special NotesLarge animals, massive body, docile temperament, the males generally mature within 30 months and the females within 36 months, average first calving age is around 45 months, the breed is very good for milk production, they produce around 2000 kg of milk per year, the longevity of production is good, milk is of very good quality containing over 6 percent fat
Breed SizeLarge
BullsAround 700 kg
CowsAround 600 kg
Climate ToleranceNative climates
ColorBlack or brown
Country/Place of OriginIndia/Pakistan

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