Modena Pigeon

The Modena pigeon is a breed of domestic fancy pigeon from Italy. It derives it’s name from the city of Modena in Italy, where it was first bred centuries ago.

The breed was actually developed over many years of selective breed. This breed and other varieties of domesticated pigeons, all are descendants from the feral or wild rock pigeon.

Many people consider this breed to be the world’s top show pigeon. It is an old breed, and story of this breed begins in the early 1300s.

These birds were actually a slim and small performing bird at that time. However, read some more information about the Modena pigeon below.

Modena Pigeon Breed Information

The Modena pigeon is an average sized bird with very beautiful appearance. It is mainly bred to present a striking curvy shape with a prominent chest, uplifted wings and tail carried high.

Total impression of this bird is being round and proud. It comes in many different colors in two main varieties, Gazzi and Schietti.

The Gazzi is a pied marking with the head and portion of the throat, the wings and the tail colored and the rest of the bird being white. Schietti’s are non-pied.

Average body height of the Modena pigeon is about 24 cm, and their mature body weight is about 350 grams.

Appearance

The Modena pigeon is known for its elegant and refined appearance. It has a slender body, long neck, and small head with a short beak. The eyes are large and round, giving the bird an alert and intelligent expression.

The feathers on the neck and breast are tight and smooth, while those on the back and wings are more loose and flowing.

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One of the most distinctive features of the Modena pigeon is its striking coloration. The bird can come in a variety of colors and patterns, including black, blue, red, yellow, silver, and even white.

Some Modena pigeons have intricate patterns or markings on their feathers, adding to their beauty and appeal.

Size

The Modena pigeon is classified as a medium-sized bird, with an average weight of 450-550 grams. It stands approximately 25 cm tall and has a wingspan of around 45 cm.

Despite its relatively small size, the Modena pigeon is known for its impressive agility and grace in the air.

Personality

Modena pigeons are known for their gentle and affectionate personalities. They are social birds that enjoy the company of other pigeons and humans alike.

They are generally calm and easygoing, making them a good choice for first-time pigeon owners. However, they do require regular attention and interaction to remain healthy and happy.

Breeding

Breeding Modena pigeons requires careful selection and management to maintain the desired traits and characteristics of the breed.

The birds should be selected based on their appearance, health, and temperament, with a focus on maintaining the unique coloration and feather patterns of the breed.

Modena pigeons are known for their excellent breeding abilities, with females typically laying 2-3 eggs per clutch.

Breeding pairs should be housed in separate cages to prevent fighting and injury, and the eggs should be incubated for around 18 days until they hatch.

Care and Maintenance

Modena pigeons require relatively little maintenance compared to other pets. They should be housed in a spacious aviary or loft that provides ample room for exercise and socialization.

The birds should be fed a high-quality diet of pigeon feed, supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables as needed.

Modena pigeons also require regular grooming to maintain their sleek and elegant appearance.

They should be given regular baths to keep their feathers clean and shiny, and their nails should be trimmed regularly to prevent overgrowth.

Health Issues

Like all animals, Modena pigeons are prone to certain health issues that can impact their well-being.

Common health problems include respiratory infections, parasites, and injuries from fights or falls. It is important to monitor the health of Modena pigeons closely and seek veterinary care if any concerns arise.

Uses

The Modena pigeon is show breed. It is raised mainly for show purpose.

Special Notes

The Modena pigeon is a very beautiful bird. Most of the birds of this breed are calm and gentle, which make them excellent for show.

Although some males can be aggressive. As a stockier variety of domesticated pigeon, the pairs sometimes have fertility problems.

Along with raising for show purposes, the breed is also very good for raising as pets. Average lifespan of these birds is about 7 to 10 years.

However, review full breed profile of these birds in the chart below.

Breed NameModena
Other NameNone
Breed PurposeExhibition, pets
Special NotesBeautiful birds, calm and gentle in nature, excellent for show, males can be aggressive, good for raising as pets
Breed ClassMedium
WeightAround 350 grams
Climate ToleranceAll climates
Flying AbilityGood
As PetsGood
ColorMany
RarityCommon
Country/Place of OriginItaly

Interesting Facts About Modena Pigeons

The Modena Pigeon is a beautiful and unique breed of domestic pigeon originating in Italy. It has become an increasingly popular breed among fanciers and enthusiasts due to its striking appearance and gentle personality. Here are some interesting facts about the Modena Pigeon:

  1. The Modena Pigeon was originally bred as a show bird, prized for its beautiful feathers and graceful movements.
  2. The breed gets its name from the city of Modena, Italy, where it was first developed.
  3. Modena Pigeons were first brought to England in the late 1800s, and quickly gained popularity among breeders and fanciers.
  4. Modena Pigeons are classified as medium-sized birds, with an average weight of 450-550 grams.
  5. They have a slender body, long neck, and small head with a short beak.
  6. The eyes of a Modena Pigeon are large and round, giving the bird an alert and intelligent expression.
  7. Modena Pigeons come in a variety of colors and patterns, including black, blue, red, yellow, silver, and white.
  8. Some Modena Pigeons have intricate patterns or markings on their feathers, adding to their beauty and appeal.
  9. The feathers on the neck and breast of a Modena Pigeon are tight and smooth, while those on the back and wings are more loose and flowing.
  10. Modena Pigeons are known for their excellent breeding abilities, with females typically laying 2-3 eggs per clutch.
  11. Breeding pairs should be housed in separate cages to prevent fighting and injury, and the eggs should be incubated for around 18 days until they hatch.
  12. Modena Pigeons require relatively little maintenance compared to other pets. They should be housed in a spacious aviary or loft that provides ample room for exercise and socialization.
  13. The birds should be fed a high-quality diet of pigeon feed, supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables as needed.
  14. Modena Pigeons also require regular grooming to maintain their sleek and elegant appearance. They should be given regular baths to keep their feathers clean and shiny, and their nails should be trimmed regularly to prevent overgrowth.
  15. Modena Pigeons are generally calm and easygoing, making them a good choice for first-time pigeon owners.
  16. They are social birds that enjoy the company of other pigeons and humans alike.
  17. Modena Pigeons have excellent homing instincts, and can find their way back to their loft from long distances.
  18. They are also known for their impressive agility and grace in the air.
  19. The Modena Pigeon has a gentle and affectionate personality, making it a wonderful pet for those interested in keeping pigeons.
  20. Modena Pigeons are prone to certain health issues that can impact their well-being. Common health problems include respiratory infections, parasites, and injuries from fights or falls.
  21. It is important to monitor the health of Modena Pigeons closely and seek veterinary care if any concerns arise.
  22. With proper care and attention, Modena Pigeons can provide many years of joy and companionship to their owners.

Tips for Raising Modena Pigeons

Raising Modena Pigeons is very easy and simple for both beginners and experienced fanciers alike. These birds are known for their striking appearance, gentle personality, and excellent breeding abilities.

However, raising Modena Pigeons requires careful attention to their needs and proper management to maintain their health and wellbeing. Here are some tips for raising Modena Pigeons:

Provide Adequate Space

Modena Pigeons require ample space to move around and exercise. A minimum of 2 square feet per bird is recommended for an indoor aviary, while outdoor lofts should have even more space.

Keep the Environment Clean

Regular cleaning and disinfection of the loft or aviary is essential to prevent the spread of disease and maintain good health.

Provide Proper Nutrition

Modena Pigeons require a balanced diet of pigeon feed, supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables as needed.

Water

Fresh, clean water should be provided at all times. It is important to change the water daily to prevent contamination.

Grit

Grit is essential for digestion and should be provided in a separate dish.

Nest Boxes

Modena Pigeons require nesting boxes to lay their eggs in. The boxes should be clean and filled with nesting material such as straw or wood shavings.

Lighting

Modena Pigeons require adequate lighting to maintain their biological rhythms. A timer can be used to ensure consistent lighting.

Temperature Control

Modena Pigeons require a comfortable temperature range of between 10-30°C. Heat lamps or fans can be used as needed to regulate the temperature.

Ventilation

Adequate ventilation is essential to maintain air quality and prevent respiratory problems. Windows or vents should be installed in the loft or aviary.

Perches

Modena Pigeons require perches to roost on. The perches should be smooth and wide enough to support the birds’ feet.

Socialization

Modena Pigeons are social birds that enjoy the company of other pigeons and humans alike. Daily interaction is important for their wellbeing.

Breeding

Modena Pigeons have excellent breeding abilities, but this requires careful management and selection of breeding pairs.

Health Monitoring

Regular monitoring of the birds’ health is essential to prevent and treat any health problems that may arise.

Parasite Control

Modena Pigeons are prone to parasites such as mites and lice. Regular treatment with medication is essential to control these pests.

Vaccination

Vaccination against common bird diseases such as Newcastle disease and avian influenza is recommended to prevent outbreaks.

Quarantine

New birds should be quarantined for at least a week before introducing them to the rest of the flock to prevent the spread of disease.

Hygiene

Hand washing and wearing gloves when handling the birds is important to prevent the spread of disease.

Egg Collection

Eggs should be collected daily to prevent breakage or contamination.

Incubation

Incubation should be done in a separate incubator or broody hen. The eggs should be turned regularly and monitored closely for signs of hatching.

Brooding

Newly hatched chicks require a warm and dry environment. Heat lamps can be used to maintain proper temperature.

Weaning

Chicks should be weaned gradually onto solid food, starting with small amounts of pigeon feed mixed with water.

Record Keeping

Keeping accurate records of breeding, health, and other important information is essential for proper management and tracking of your Modena Pigeon flock.

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