The Yanbian cattle are a beautiful breed of cattle which are mainly used for draught. It is a taurine breed of cattle that originated in northeast China.
And the Yanbian cattle are mainly distributed in the North Agriculture Area of China. They have entirely different ecological conditions from those of the North Pastoral Grassland cattle.
This cattle breed belong to the ‘yellow’ class of Chinese cattle. And they are closely related to the Korean Hanwoo breed, having diverged from a common ancestor in the late nineteenth or early twentieth century.
The Yanbian cattle had no ancestral breeding with indicine cattle, unlike most other Chinese cattle breeds. The breed is mainly distributed in northeastern China, in the Jilin, Heilongjiang and Liaoning provinces.
Total population of the breed was estimated 210000 animals in 2010. Read more information below.
Yanbian Cattle Characteristics
Yanbian cattle are medium sized animal with predominantly yellow coat color. Both bulls and cows are usually horned. Average height of the cows is about 122 cm, and 131 for the bulls.
And average body weight of the bulls is about 465 kg, and the cows on average weight about 365 kg.
These breed of cattle are mainly used as draught animals. They are also increasingly being raised for meat production, with a dressing percentage of 40-48 percent.
The Yanbian cattle very strong and hardy animals. They are primarily used as draught animal in their native area, particularly in rice production.
The breed is not good for milk production, but pretty good for the production of meat. They are very slow to grow, and production potential is limited.
The Yanbians were crossed with Limousin cattle in 1987 for producing Yan Yellow breed. And the Yan Yellow breed has improved beef qualities and are good in production. Review full breed profile of this breed in the following table.
|Breed Purpose||Draught, Meat|
|Special Notes||Active, Hardy|
|Bulls||About 465 kg|
|Cows||About 365 kg|
|Climate Tolerance||All Climates|
|Country/Place of Origin||China|