Java chicken farming is popular and common, especially in the United States. It is a dual purpose breed which is valued for both meat and eggs production purpose. It is a very old breed, and considered as the second oldest breed developed in the United States.
The Java chicken was actually developed in the United States, but it’s name came from the island of Java. It was developed from the chickens of unknown Asian stocks. It is an old breed and forming the basis for many other breeds.
Today this breed is critically endangered. They have great historical importance and the Java chicken is a key foundation breed for some other great American chicken breeds.
The Java chickens have significant contribution to major modern chicken breed such as the Plymouth Rock, Jersey Giant and Rhode Island Red. The breed was first recognized officially and accepted into the APA’s Standard of Perfection in the year of 1883.
Today the Java chicken is a critically endangered breed of domestic chicken. So starting commercial Java chicken farming can help this breed to recover their population. And at the same time you can make some good profit from this business.
How to Start Java Chicken Farming Business
Java chickens are just like many other domestic chicken breeds. So starting Java chicken farming business will be relatively easy. Here we are trying to describe more information about starting and operating a successful Java chicken farming business from purchasing birds to caring and marketing.
First of all, you have to purchase very good quality, healthy and disease free birds for starting Java chicken farming business. You can purchase either day old chicks or mature birds depending on the price and availability in your area.
The mature birds are generally sold at a very high price in the market. On the other hand the day old chicks are much cheaper. So we recommend starting with day old chicks.
You can purchase the chicks from any of your nearest chicken breeding center, poultry chick suppliers or any existing Java chicken farms in your area. You can also search your local online classified websites. Because today, there are many breeders available who are selling their products online.
Making a good, comfortable and secure housing system for your birds is important for Java chicken farming business. Because a good house not only helps the birds to stay healthy but also helps them to stay free from all types of predators and adverse weather conditions.
Type of the house depends on your budget. It can be of full concrete setup or can be build of low cost and easily available materials. Whatever type you choose, just ensure that the house is safe and comfortable for the birds.
Install good ventilation system. Because good ventilation system helps to remove gas from inside the house and your birds remain healthy. Also ensure flow of sufficient amount of fresh air and light inside the house.
Make the house in such a way so that you can easily clean the house. The Java chickens are classed as a heavy breed. So a mature bird will require around or up to 5 square feet of housing space.
This is the most important part of Java chicken farming business. Because good food not only helps the birds to grow better but also helps them to stay healthy and produce more. So always try to feed your chickens with very good quality feeds.
You can feed your chickens either with commercial poultry feeds or you can prepare the feeds of your own. Whatever you choose, ensure that the food is good and nutritious for your birds.
Never feed your birds with contaminated feeds and always try to provide them with adequate water as per the demand of your birds.
The Java chickens are good for raising in both confinement and free range system. But raising them in free range system will help you to reduce feeding costs. And at the same time, your birds will produce very good quality products.
Like many other domestic chicken breeds, the Java chickens are also naturally very good breeders. They will breed easily and produce fertile eggs for hatching if you keep good ratio of hens and roosters in your flock. Generally one healthy rooster is enough for breeding around or up to 10 hens.
Along with making good shelter and feeding good quality food, taking additional caring will help the birds to grow better and produce more. So always try to take good care of your birds.
Monitor them on a regular basis for any signs of diseases or illness and take necessary step if you notice anything uncommon. Vaccinate them timely and always keep good contact with a vet in your area.
Marketing chicken products is not a problem. Because, chicken products (both meat and eggs) have very good demand and value in the market. So you will probably be able to easily sell your products in the local market. Although you should set your marketing strategies before starting this business.
These are the common steps and ways for starting and operating a successful Java chicken farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!