Jacobin Pigeon

The Jacobin pigeon is an Asiatic breed of domestic fancy pigeon. It is from India and was developed over many years of selective breeding.

It is known for it’s feathered hood over it’s head, and it is in the Asian feather and voice pigeon show group. This breed and other varieties of domesticated pigeons, all are descendants of the feral or wild rock pigeon.

It is a very old breed and it’s head is completely hidden behind it’s splendid hood of 5-6 long feathers. The breed was named so after an order of French monks known for their distinctive hoods.

The Jacobin pigeon was probably developed in the 1500s, and the breeders have been captivated by this elegant bird ever since. Read some more information about this breed below.

Jacobin Pigeon Full Breed Information

Name of these pigeons came from the feather arrangements on their heads. And the feather arrangements on their heads is known as muff or cowl. And it look similar to the hoods that Jacobin monks wore. However, review more information about this beautiful pigeon breed below.


The Jacobin pigeon is a small to medium sized bird with beautiful appearance. It has fluffy feathers which give the impression that this bird is a much larger than it actually is.

Body of these birds is relatively tall and slim. They have bare legs and long wings. They have obstructed vision, mainly because of their hood.

The breed appears in a variety of colors including black, blue, yellow, silver and white. Two-toned birds (known as splash) are also available.

Average height of the Jacobin pigeon is around 14 inches. Average live body weight of the mature birds is about 350 grams. Photo and info from RightPet and Wikipedia.

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Arranging a good shelter for your birds is very important for raising Jacobins. If you don’t have a home ready for your birds, then you can consider purchasing ready-made cage from the market.


Feeding the birds with high quality and nutritious food is the most important part of pigeon farming business. Good and nutritious food not only help the birds to grow better but also helps them to stay healthy.

Like most other pigeons, Jacobins also eat wheat, maize, paddy, rice, enamel, legume, mustard, gram etc. Keep foods in front of their house and they will take the food as much as they need. And always provide them with adequate fresh and clean drinking water.


Jacobins are naturally good breeders, and they will breed easily if you keep a male and a female together. They generally prefer to breed around the end of July, or near the middle to end of summer depending upon your location.

The cowl or muff of these birds may become a problem for successful breeding. That’s why, some breeders trim the feathers around the head and doing this help them to better mating.

After successful mating, a female will lay two eggs and will start hatching. And like other pigeon breeds, it also take roughly 17 days for the eggs to hatch.


The Jacobin pigeons require special caring, especially during breeding and nursing the babies. The cowl and short beak make feeding the babies difficult. That’s why the birds are often fostered out to another more suitable pigeon. Or you can nurse the babies.


Jacobin pigeon is an exhibition or show breed. It is also good for ornamental purpose.

Special Notes

The Jacobin pigeon is a very beautiful bird with unique appearance. It’s head is completely hidden behind it’s splendid hood. So it needs some pampering compared to many varieties.

Therefore, this lovely bird is often recommended to expert exhibitors with some experience breeding and showing the more challenging fancy pigeons.

Jacobin pigeon tends to be more territorial than the average pigeon breeds. So, you will likely need to separate pairs. Otherwise, the most territorial male could attempt to claim the entire ground floor.

Average lifespan of these birds is about 7-10 years. However, review full breed profile of this breed in the following chart.

Breed NameJacobin
Other NameNone
Breed PurposeShow, ornamental
Special NotesBeautiful birds with unique appearance, head is completely hidden behind it’s splendid hood, lovely, good for show or ornamental purpose
Breed ClassSmall
WeightAround 350 grams
Climate ToleranceAll climates
Flying AbilityAverage
As PetsGood
ColorBlue, black, yellow, silver and white
Country/Place of OriginIndia

Interesting Facts about Jacobin Pigeons

Jacobin Pigeons are known for their distinctive appearance and behavior, which makes them stand out from other breeds of pigeons. Here are some interesting facts about these birds that you may not have known before:

  1. Jacobin Pigeons originated in Asia and were brought to Europe by traders and explorers in the 16th century.
  2. The name “Jacobin” comes from the French word “Jacques Bonnet,” which means hooded cloak.
  3. These pigeons are also known as “Culbutant Jacobin” in French, which means tumbling Jacobin.
  4. Jacobin Pigeons are a medium-sized breed of pigeon, with males weighing between 20-30 ounces and females weighing between 16-24 ounces.
  5. These pigeons are known for their unique hood of feathers that covers their head, neck, and shoulders.
  6. The hood is made up of feathers that grow backward, giving the bird a ruffled appearance.
  7. Jacobin Pigeons come in a wide range of colors, including white, black, blue, red, yellow, and silver.
  8. These pigeons are known for their graceful and acrobatic flying abilities, which include tumbling, spinning, and flipping in mid-air.
  9. Jacobin Pigeons are highly intelligent birds and are easily trained to perform various tricks and acrobatic maneuvers.
  10. These pigeons are often kept as pets and are highly valued for their beauty, intelligence, and unique personality.
  11. Jacobin Pigeons are social birds and enjoy the company of other pigeons, as well as humans.
  12. These pigeons are excellent parents and are highly attentive to their young.
  13. Jacobin Pigeons are capable of breeding throughout the year, with females laying up to four eggs per clutch.
  14. The incubation period for Jacobin Pigeon eggs is around 17-18 days.
  15. Young Jacobin Pigeons are born naked and helpless and require constant care and attention from their parents.
  16. These pigeons are highly adaptable and can thrive in a wide range of environments, including urban areas.
  17. Jacobin Pigeons have a long lifespan, with some birds living up to 20 years or more.
  18. These pigeons are highly prized by breeders and enthusiasts around the world, with specialized breeding programs aimed at developing new color variations and unique traits.
  19. Jacobin Pigeons are often featured in pigeon shows and competitions, where they are judged on their appearance, behavior, and performance.
  20. The American Jacobin Club was established in 1908 and is dedicated to promoting and preserving the breed.
  21. Jacobin Pigeons have been depicted in various forms of art throughout history, including paintings, sculptures, and literature.
  22. These pigeons have also been featured in movies, television shows, and commercials over the years.
  23. Jacobin Pigeons are a fascinating and beloved breed of pigeon that continues to capture the hearts and imaginations of people around the world.

Tips for Raising Jacobin Pigeons

Raising Jacobin Pigeons is relatively easy and simple. Here we are going to share some tips for raising Jacobin Pigeons that will help ensure the health, happiness, and well-being of your feathered friends.

1. Provide a comfortable living space

Jacobin Pigeons require a spacious and comfortable living environment that is clean, dry, and well-ventilated. A coop or aviary with plenty of natural light and fresh air is ideal.

2. Use appropriate bedding material

Choose a high-quality bedding material that is absorbent and easy to clean, such as wood shavings or straw.

3. Ensure proper nutrition

Feed your Jacobin Pigeons a balanced and nutritious diet that is rich in protein, vitamins, and minerals. Commercial pigeon feed, supplemented with fresh fruits and vegetables, is a good option.

4. Provide fresh water

Ensure that your pigeons always have access to clean and fresh drinking water.

5. Provide access to grit and mineral supplements

Grit helps your pigeons digest food properly, while mineral supplements provide important nutrients for healthy growth and development.

6. Monitor their weight

It is important to monitor the weight of your pigeons regularly to ensure they are maintaining a healthy weight and that there are no underlying health issues.

7. Keep their living space clean

Regularly clean and disinfect your pigeon’s living space to prevent the spread of disease and parasites.

8. Provide ample roosting space

Ensure that your pigeons have enough roosting space to rest comfortably, especially during the night.

9. Avoid overcrowding

Overcrowding can lead to stress, aggression, and the spread of disease among your pigeons. Ensure that you keep the flock size appropriate for the available space.

10. Provide opportunities for exercise

Jacobin Pigeons are active birds and require regular exercise to maintain good health. Providing ample flying and perching space in their living environment is important.

11. Socialize your pigeons

Jacobin Pigeons are social birds and thrive in the company of other pigeons. Ensure that you provide opportunities for socialization with other pigeons.

12. Observe their behavior

Regularly observe the behavior and interactions of your pigeons to ensure they are healthy and happy.

13. Vaccinate your pigeons

Vaccinations can help protect your pigeons from common diseases, including Newcastle Disease and Pigeon Pox.

14. Quarantine new additions

When introducing new pigeons to your flock, it is important to quarantine them for a period of time to prevent the spread of disease.

15. Watch for signs of illness

Monitor your pigeons for signs of illness, including lethargy, loss of appetite, discharge from the eyes or nose, or changes in behavior.

16. Seek veterinary care when necessary

If you notice any signs of illness or injury, seek veterinary care immediately.

17. Maintain proper lighting

Ensure that your pigeon’s living space has adequate lighting to support their natural day-night cycle.

18. Provide nesting materials

Your female pigeons will require nesting materials, such as straw or shredded paper, when breeding.

19. Keep their living space secure

Ensure that your pigeon’s living space is secure and protected from predators, such as cats and birds of prey.

20. Train your pigeons

Jacobin Pigeons are highly intelligent birds and can be trained to perform various tricks and acrobatic maneuvers.

21. Handle your pigeons gently

When handling your pigeons, be gentle and avoid squeezing or applying pressure to their bodies.

22. Use appropriate perches

Choose perches that are comfortable and safe for your pigeons to stand on, and avoid using wire mesh or other surfaces that can cause injury.

23. Enjoy the experience

Raising Jacobin Pigeons can be a rewarding and enjoyable experience for both you and your birds. Take the time to appreciate their unique beauty and behavior, and enjoy the journey of raising these amazing birds!

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

There are many questions people often ask about this distinctive but beautiful pigeon breed. We are trying to answer those questions. Hope you will find answer of your question. Feel free to ask if you have more questions.

Where are Jacobin pigeons found?

Jacobin is an Indian pigeon breed, and mostly found in India. But today, they are also available in some other countries around the world. You can search your local online classified websites for finding these birds.

What is the price of Jacobin pigeon?

Price of the Jacobins is high as compared to some other common breeds. Average price of a Jacobin pair is between $100 and $400. Although, exact price can vary from place to place.

How do you breed a Jacobin pigeon?

Trim the feathers around the head of your Jacobins. Doing this will help the birds to mate, and will result a successful breeding.

How do you feed Jacobin pigeons?

Feeding a Jacobin is just like feeding any other pigeons. They are generally fed on wheat, maize, paddy, rice, enamel, legume, mustard, gram etc.

What is special about the Jacobin pigeon breed?

Feathered hood over it’s head is special about the Jacobin pigeon breed?

What is the lifespan of a Jacobin pigeon?

Average lifespan of a Jacobin is between 7 and 10 years.

Where Jacobin pigeons for sale available?

Contact your local breeders. You can also search your local online classified websites.

What are the Jacobin pigeons standards?

Long and full, covering well over the beak and eyes, lying flat to the cheeks, meeting perfectly and regularly from beak as far down as possible. Even on both sides.

Can Jacobin pigeon fly well?

YES, Jacobins can fly well. They are considered as moderate fliers.

What are the color varieties of Jacobin pigeon?

Jacobin pigeons come in a wide variety of colors. Common colors of these birds include white, black, yellow, blue and silver.

Is black Jacobin pigeon available?

YES, black color variety of this pigeon breed is available.

Is white Jacobin pigeon available?

YES, white color variety of this pigeon breed is available.

Is yellow Jacobin pigeon available?

YES, yellow color variety of this pigeon breed is available.

Is red Jacobin pigeon available?

NO, exactly red color variety of this breed is not available. But you can find similar.

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