Hallikar Cattle Characteristics, Uses, Origin

The Hallikar cattle are a Bos indicus breed of cattle selected primarily for draft purposes. It is native to the state of Karnataka, India. It is considered one of the premier draft cattle breeds in India.

The breed is often raised by the families who have specialized in production of Hallikar draft animals for hundreds of years.

Currently the breed is more common in the traditional Hallikar belt of Mysore, Mandya, Hassan and Tumkur districts of South Karnataka.

Hallikar Cattle Full Breed Information

The Hallikar cattle is one of the two breeds, along with Amrit Mahal which have received the royal patronage and care from the erstwhile sultans and princely state of Mysore through conservation and development.

The breed is said to have originated from the Amrit Mahal cattle breed. The Department of Posts, Government of India has commemorated the Hallikar cattle breed by releasing a postage stamp in it’s name in the year 2000 A.D. Read more information about the breed below.

Physical Characteristics

Hallikar cattle are smaller sized animals with moderate to long height and medium size of the body. They are generally white to grey in color and occasionally black complexions.

There are white markings or irregular patches around their eyes, cheeks, neck or in the shoulder region are also found. Both bulls and cows have horns. And their horns are long, vertical and backward bending.

The bulls have large humps, while the cows have relatively small humps than the bulls. Young breeding Hallikar bulls have dark shade on shoulder and hindquarters. Photo and info from Wikipedia.

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Housing

Housing requirement of these animals is very simple. They will be happy if you can arrange basic housing requirement for them. Clean the house on a regular basis and try to keep it dry.

Feeding

Feeding the cattle with very good quality and nutritious food is very important. So, try to feed them good food for keeping them stay healthy and active.

Breeding

Hallikar cattle are naturally very good breeders. They will breed easily without human intervention if you keep just one male Hallikar in your herd.

Caring

These animals are extremely strong and hardy. And they generally require less caring and other management. Although taking additional caring will them to stay healthy and active. Ensure good shelter for them, feed them nutritious food, and always try to monitor their health on a regular basis.

Uses

Hallikar cattle are mainly used as a draft animal. It is considered as one of the premier draft cattle breeds in India. The cows are average milkers.

Special Notes

These cattle are very hardy and active animals. The bulls are known for their strength and edurance and are primarily used for draft purposes.

Along with normal draft purposes, the breed is also used for cart racing. A team of Hallikar oxen can pull a loaded cart over rough roads once trained at a rate of 40 miles per day.

These animals are maintained in semi-intensive management system by professional breeders. They can perform well if feed with green fodder chiefly comprises finger-millet, grass, sorghum or pearl-millet.

The cows are average milk producers, and on average can produce about 542 kg of milk per lactation. Milk of the cows is of very good quality.

Their milk on average contain about 5.7 percent of fat content. Read full breed profile of this excellent Indian cattle breed in the following chart.

Breed NameHallikar
Other NameNone
Breed PurposeDraft
Special NotesVery hardy, active, well adapted to native climates, good quality milk
Breed SizeSmall
Climate ToleranceNative climates
Coat ColorWhite to grey and occasionally black complexions
HornedYes
Milk YieldAverage
RarityCommon
Country/Place of OriginIndia

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ)

Many people ask about this cattle breed. So, here we are tying to answer some questions related to Hallikar cattle breed. Feel free to ask if you have more questions about this breed.

Where is the origin of Hallikar breed cow considered?
India. And it is mainly found in Mandya, Bangalore, Mysore, Tumkur, Kolar and Chitradurga districts of South Karnataka state.

How much milk does Hallikar cow give?

Average milk yield of a cow per lactation is 542 kg ranging from 227-1134 kg. And average fat content in their milk is about 5.7%, which is much higher than many other cattle breeds.

Is Hallikar a desi cow?

YES, Hallikar is a deshi Indian cow breed.

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What is Hallikar cow ghee?

The ghee which is made from Hallicar cow is called Hallikar cow ghee.

How much a Hallikar bull price?

Depends on numerous factors. Please visit your local or any nearest livestock market to know the latest price.

How much Hallikar cow milk yield per day?

Average milk yield of a Hallikar cow is between 2 and 3 kg.

How much a Hallikar cow weight?

Average live body weight of a cow is around 227 kg. And a bull’s average body weight is around 340 kg.

What is the lifespan of a Hallikar cow?

Average lifespan of a Hallikar cow is around or up to 15 years.

What is the meaning of Hallikar?

Hallikar (Kannada: ಹಳ್ಳಿಕಾರ್) is a breed of cattle native to the state of Karnataka, India.

What are the Hallikar cow ghee benefits?

Hallikar cow ghee helps in the absorption of vitamin D and other fat-soluble vitamins.

What are the Hallikar cow milk benefits?

Hallikar cow’s milk contain high fat content and is highly nutritious. It is considered to have numerous health benefits.

How much Hallikar cow milk price?

Hallikar cow milk is considered to have numerous health benefits. So, this milk is generally sold at relatively high price in the market. Although, exact price can vary from place to place. In India, average selling price of 1 liter Hallikar cow’s milk is around 50 Indian Rupee.

What are the main characteristics of a Hallikar cow?

Long, vertical and backward bending horns, large humps in males, moderate to long height and medium size of the body, and white to grey and occasionally black complexions, are the main characteristics of this breed.

Hallikar cow vs Gir cow, which is better?

Both are good. And milk of both breeds is of very high quality. But Gir cow is more common and popular than the Hallikar cow.

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