Deer Farming

Commercial deer farming is a pretty new business idea. It is very easy to raise some deer and they easily maintained. They are just like other domestic animals and it’s very easy to start and operate a deer farming business.

A deer farm is actually a good business and many different species are good for commercial production. Popular species are elk, moose, reindeer, or especially white-tailed deer are raised as livestock.

Commercial deer farming is gaining popularity mainly for it’s valuable meat, skin etc. New Zealand is the largest supplier of farm-raised venison.

Large-scale commercial farming of deer originated in New Zealand, and that country still has the world’s most advanced deer farming industry.

Deer farming business has a great opportunity for making higher profits and creating a good employment sources.

Deer is among the most beautiful wild animals of the nature. And all types of people love them, especially for their beauty and gentle nature. Depending on the species, the body of deer is very colorful.

As deer is a wild animal, so you can hardly see any deer around you.

Nowadays world population is increasing rapidly, and people are searching for some new agribusiness ideas which can ensure food security and create a sustainable and profitable income source.

Commercial deer farming business can be a part of this. Deer is a wild animal, and the population in the wild is decreasing gradually.

So by raising deer commercially, we can make a good income source and at the same time can save this animal form being extinct.

Deer products have huge demand and high value in the market. But there are some problems with this lucrative business.

Commercial deer farming business is not permitted by the Government of some countries. So before planning for starting this business, contact with your nearest wildlife service center and ask them if commercial deer farming is permitted in your country or not.

Wild vs Domestic Deer

In the ancient time, people used to hunt animals to meetup their daily food demands (not as a hobby or for entertainment).

If they could hunt or catch few animals, they used to kill some to meetup their food demands and keep the rest inside their house for the purposes of using the animals in the future.

Since then human beings started keeping wild animals with them inside their house. Among those home bounded wild animals, some species accepted the allegiance of human beings and started breeding and living with them.

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Cows, goats, sheep, buffalo, horse, donkey and different types of wild birds are most common among those wild animals.

Nowadays, deer is also considered and raised as a domestic animal in some countries around the world. Deer farming is very easy and highly profitable, especially for the high demand and rate of deer products in the local and international market.

Human beings and animals need trees and forests for surviving. As the number of forests and trees are reducing rapidly, so the suitable place for the wild animals are decreasing.

As a result, it is very important for us to raise some special species of wild animals like deer, to keep them from being extinct.

Advantages of Deer Farming Business

Commercial deer farming is very profitable like other livestock farming business. Deer meat is highly expensive than cow, buffalo, goat, sheep, duck or chicken meat.

Usually deer eat grass, leaves or grains like other livestock animals such as goat, cow or sheep. So it is very easy to feed them.

There are many good reasons for why you should start deer farming business. Here we are trying to describe about the top advantages/benefits of commercial deer farming business.

  • It’s a pretty new agribusiness, but highly profitable. You can start this business if you have enough money.
  • Deer farming is considered as a symbol of nobility in some societies around the world.
  • You can become very popular and famous in your area within a short time through raising deer.
  • Farming deer is a great source of entertainment for all aged people, especially for the kids.
  • The skin of deer is very precious. Rich people use the skin for decorating their house.
  • People make many valuable commodities using deer skin, and it has a great demand in the American and European countries.
  • The male deer produce a pair of horn every year which has a very high value.
  • Deer meat is very tasty and delicious. It has a great demand and high value throughout the would.
  • If you keep some deer inside your property, they will increase the beauty of your property.
  • You can start raising deer, if you have the experiences of raising cow, goat, sheep etc. Deer farming is very easy like goat farming.
  • Diseases are less in deer than other livestock animals. By raising deer commercially, you can make a sustainable income and employment source. Unemployed educated young people can easily start this business.
  • Return on investment ratio (ROI) is very high in this business. You will get your invested money soon.

How to Start Deer Farming Business

Starting a commercial deer farming business is just like starting any other livestock farming business. It is very easy and simple.

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Even the beginners can start raising some deer. Here we are trying to describe more about starting and operating a deer farming business.

Select a Good Location

First of all, you have to select a very good location for starting your business.

Try to select a calm and noise and pollution free place for your farm. Ensure good water source in your farm.

Also ensure availability of electricity and good transportation system.


Housing is very important for commercial deer farming business. In the wild condition, deer used to live under big trees or near any grassland.

But if you want to raise them inside your property, then you have to make a comfortable and suitable house for them.

Deer usually like high and dry place for living. So make a house for them in a higher place, and try to keep the house always dry. The size of the house depends on the number of the deer you intend to raise.


Deer usually like to eat grass, leaves, corn, grain etc. like other livestock animals. Their eating habit is the same as goats, cows, sheep and other herbivorous domestic animals.

You can feed the deer grass, leaves of the tree, kitchen garbage, various types of corns or grains etc.

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You can also feed them grainy feed which is very healthy for them. Along with providing nutritious feeds, ensure adequate supply of fresh and clean water according to their demand.


Like many other domestic animals, deer are naturally very good breeders. They will breed easily if you keep good ratio of male and female deer in your farm.

Caring & Other Management

Deer are very strong and hardy animals. So, they generally require less caring and other management.

Although, taking good caring is very important for proper growth and good health of the animals.

So, try to take good care of your animals. Vaccinate them timely. And always try to keep good contact with a vet in your area.


Marketing deer products is not too easy. Because commercial deer farming is not allowed in all countries. So, try to determine your marketing strategies first, before starting this business.

These are the common steps and ways for starting and operating a successful deer farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!

Frequently Asked Questions

People ask many questions about deer farming business. Here we are listing the most common questions about this easy but lucrative business, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

Is deer farming profitable?

Yes, commercial deer farming is a very profitable business. You can make good profits from this business if you can manage everything perfectly. Ensure good marketing facilities before starting this business. Because, you will not be able to make good profits without proper marketing facilities.

How to start a deer farming business?

Starting a commercial deer farming business is relatively easy and simple. You can easily starting this business even if you are a beginner. Follow the steps mentioned here for starting this business.

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  • First of all, select a very good location for starting your business.
  • Make a good and comfortable house for your animals.
  • Feed them with good quality and nutritious food.
  • Provide them with required medications.
  • Always try to take good care of them.

Can we do deer farming in India?

Commercial production of deer is not allowed for everyone in India. You need to have license from the government body for keeping deer.

How to do deer farming?

Doing deer farming business commercially is just like starting and operating any other livestock animals. Main difference is that ‘you have to ensure a high and secure fencing system for your animals.

Are there deer farms in the US?

Yes, there are many deer farms available in the US. Commercial deer farms can be found across the entire United States. And over 60 percent of the deer farms are located in Texas, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, and Minnesota.

How profitable is deer farming?

Deer farming is a very profitable business. But it’s not possible to tell the exact amount of profits you can make from this business, because it depends on numerous factors. Please consult with some existing farmers in your area for having some ideas.

Can I own a deer in India?

No, right now you can not adopt a deer in India.

How many deer should be on 1 acre?

You can keep around or up to 8-10 deer in one acre land.

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What is the best crop for deer?

Best crop for deer includes wheat, rye, oats, triticale etc.

How long do deer take to grow?

Depends on the breed and many other factors. Generally, most of the bucks become mature between 5 and 7 years of age.

Is deer farming hard?

No, deer farming is relatively easy. Deer are very strong and hardy and they are very susceptible to a wide variety of diseases and sicknesses. You just have to have a secured fence around your farm area for keeping them safe.

How many babies can a deer have in a year?

Generally, a doe give birth to only one fawn in a year.

What is the lifespan of a deer in captivity?

Average lifespan of a deer in captivity is between 15 and 20 years.

What is a deer’s favorite food?

Deer will primarily eat browse (woody portion of leaves and stems), forbs (broad-leaved plants), mast (acorns, apples, etc), and grass.

What is deer’s favorite vegetable?

In farms, vegetables that deer seem to prefer include beans, lettuce, cabbage, and cole crops such as broccoli, cauliflower, Brussels sprouts etc.

How long is a deer pregnant?

Average gestation period of a deer is around 222 days.

What is the easiest crop to grow for deer?

If you have deer in your farm, then clover will be the easiest crop to grow for them.

How long do deer sleep?

Generally a deer sleep 4.5 hours a day.

What is deer milk used for?

Deer milk is a versatile ingredient used in food, cosmetic, supplement and nutritional applications.

How fast do deer population grow?

Deer populations can double in size every 2-3 years, as long as adequate food resources are available.

1 thought on “Deer Farming”

  1. I have place to make deer farming and good water sources too like Pollachi or close by to Salem will the government give permission for farming and commercial meat production since goat meat is very expensive so i understand deer meat also very expensive 20 acres of land with Hampel green and road remote and connectivity but less traffic please advice me

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