Damascene Pigeon Characteristics, Uses & Origin

The Damascene pigeon is a breed of domestic fancy pigeon. It is thought to have originated in Damascus, Syria and the breed was named so for it’s place of origin.

The breed was actually developed over many years of selective breeding.

This breed and other varieties of domesticated pigeons, all are descendants from the feral or wild rock pigeon. It is an old breed mentioned in some of the oldest literature regarding domesticated pigeons.

The Damascene pigeon breed is said to be around 3,000 years old. However, read some more information about this beautiful pigeon breed below.

Damascene Pigeon Appearance

Damascene pigeon is a medium sized bird with very beautiful appearance. Two most striking features of these beautiful birds are the dark plum eye ceres and the bright eyes.

Their head is fairly large and somewhat round, with moderate stop over the wattle. Their eyes are very bright, and the ceres are of damson or plum color. They have blunt beak which is of dark color and stocky.

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And the beak is nearly as wide as long. Their breast is broad, prominent and protrudes forward.

Wings of the Damascene pigeon are held tight against the body, lying over the tail with the tips just touching. The feet and legs of these birds are dark red in color with black toenails.

Average live body weight of the mature Damascene pigeon is between 370 and 425 grams. Photo and info from RightPet and Wikipedia.


The Damascene pigeon is a show breed in the United States. And raised as a utility bird in Europe.

Special Notes

The Damascene pigeon is a very strong and hardy bird. It is very intelligent and will benefit from the exercise of being flown. Although it is a show bird, not racing or homing, but the birds are still worth seeing in flight.

These birds can drop straight down into the loft from a height of perhaps a 100 ft or so. These birds have also a reputation for being good parents, and they care for their own young longer than many other domestic pigeon breeds.

They are pretty long lived birds with an average lifespan of about 10 years. Review full breed profile of this breed in the following chart.

Breed NameDamascene
Other NameNone
Breed PurposeExhibition, pets
Special NotesBeautiful birds, attractive appearance, excellent for show purpose, good for raising as pets, very strong and hardy, very intelligent, good parents, long lived with around 10 years of lifespan
Breed ClassMedium
Weight370-425 grams
Climate ToleranceNative climates
Flying AbilityGood
As PetsGood
Country/Place of OriginDamascus

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