Beans Farming

Commercial beans farming is not a new business idea. People are growing beans in both small scale and commercially from the ancient time.

Beans are actually a tender vegetable and very popular among people. You can even grow beans in your home garden.

Beans actually belong to Leguminaceae family and it is a very important vegetable in many countries around the world. It is also cultivated in many countries, mainly for the green pod.

The bean plants have a climbing habit, so you need to arrange such system for commercial beans farming.

Green edible beans are mainly used in daily cooking as vegetable, and also used as animal fodder and also for soil improvements.

The green beans are generally harvested with their beans in a pod before they are fully matured. They are more nutritionally comparable to other pod vegetables. That’s why they have very good demand in the local market.

However, both small scale and commercial beans farming is very easy and profitable. You can make good profits from this business.

Nutritional Value of Beans

Beans are high in protein, complex carbohydrates, folate and iron. They also have significant amounts of fiber and soluble fiber. One cup of cooked beans generally provide between 9 and 13 grams of fiber.

The Canadian government recommends that adults have up to two (female), and three (male) servings. 3/4 cup of cooked beans provide one serving.

The soluble fiber content in beans can help to lower the blood cholesterol levels. According to ‘healthline‘ one cup (164 grams) of cooked chickpeas contains:

  • Calories: 269
  • Protein: 14.5 grams
  • Fiber: 12.5 grams
  • Folate (vitamin B9): 71% of the RDI
  • Manganese: 84% of the RDI
  • Copper: 29% of the RDI
  • Iron: 26% of the RDI

Health Benefits of Beans

As you can see above, beans are highly nutritious and healthy food. Here we are trying to describe about the common health benefits of consuming different types of beans regularly.

  • Beans are highly nutritious and safe for human health. It’s a great source of protein, carbohydrate and fiber.
  • Beans are helpful for reducing blood sugar, decreasing blood cholesterol and improving gut health.
  • Peas are a great source of fiber and protein, which may help to reduce blood sugar and insulin resistance. Pea fiber and protein also supports a healthy gut as well.
  • Lentils are great source of vegetarian protein and may also reduce blood sugar levels compared to some other foods that are high in carbohydrates.
  • Kidney beans are also very healthy. They contain high amounts of fiber and may also help to reduce the rise in blood sugar that happens after a meal.
  • Black beans are high in calories and essential nutrients. They are effective at reducing the rise in blood sugar after a meal compared to other high-carb foods (such as rice and bread).
  • Soybeans are excellent source of good antioxidants. And the antioxidants they contain may help to reduce the risk of certain cancers, decrease risk factors for heart disease and also reduce menopausal bone density loss.
  • Pinto beans are common in some countries, especially in Mexico. They are often eaten as whole beans, or mashed and fried. Consuming pinto beans may help to reduce blood cholesterol, blood sugar and maintain gut health.
  • Navy beans are a great source of fiber, vitamin B and minerals. They are also known as haricot beans. They contain a lot of fiber and may help in reducing the risk factors for metabolic syndrome.

Advantages of Beans Farming Business

Commercial beans farming is a very easy and lucrative business. Many people are already doing this business commercially for making profits.

Large scale or commercial farming of beans is very popular in many countries. However, here we are trying to describe the top advantages of commercial beans farming business.

  • Growing the bean plants is very easy and simple, even the beginners can also grow them.
  • Commercial beans farming is a traditional business in some countries.
  • Many people are already doing beans farming commercially. So, you don’t have to worry much about starting this business.
  • Commercial beans farming is very profitable. So, you can make good profits from this business.
  • Beginners can also start commercial beans farming business. Although learning practically from existing farmers will be better for the beginners.
  • Capital requirements are relatively low as compared to other crop farming business, but the returns are good.
  • You will be able to make very good profits if you can harvest the pods earlier in the growing season.
  • Both demand and value of green beans in the market are high. So, you don’t have to worry much about marketing your products.
  • Caring the bean plants is very easy. And you can grow beans with other commercial cash crops.
  • Even some areas, people are growing beans in the bank of ponds or lakes and making extra profits along with fish production.
  • As commercial beans farming is very profitable, so it can be a great employment source for the unemployed people. Especially for the educated unemployed people.
  • Different types or beans are available and most of them are highly nutritious. You can enjoy beans in many different ways.
  • You can enjoy fresh beans if you start your own beans farming business.

How to Start Beans Farming Business

Starting commercial beans farming business is very easy and simple. You can start this business even if you are a beginner.

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Although, you should learn practically from existing farmers if you are a beginner. Here we are trying to describe more information about starting beans farming business.

Site Selection

Bean plants can be grown in a wide range of soil types. Generally the Indian beans thrives best in loamy, silty loam and clay loam soils.

Try to select the soil with good drainage system. The pH range between 5.5 and 6.0 is considered ideal for bean plants.

Land Preparation

Cool climatic condition and fertile soils are necessary for good beans production. It will be better if the land is rich in organic matter, or you can add as much organic matter as you can while preparing the soil.

Add enough farmyard manure or any type of good compost. Doing this will make the soil fertile. For commercial production, give 2-3 ploughing for bringing the soil at fine tilth.

Then make the field level so that you can avoid water stagnation in the main field. Add compost or farmyard manure at the last ploughing.

Climate Requirement

Most of the common beans generally grow within a range of temperatures of 17.5° C to 27° C. Temperature above 30° C is not good for beans farming, and may cause the bean flower buds to fall.

But the French beans thrives within the ideal temperature range of 20° C to 25° C. And can also be grown in temperatures ranging between 14° C and 32° C.

Varieties/Cultivars

There are many different varieties/cultivars of beans available throughout the world. The world genebanks are currently holding about 40,000 different bean varieties. But not all these varieties are used for commercial beans farming business.

Only a few varieties are grown for human consumption. Among these varieties two common types of beans are grown commercially. And these two types are bush beans and pole beans.

The pole bean varieties will vine and need to be grown up stakes or trellises. But the bush beans tend to grow more compactly and generally do not require support.

Growing the bush beans is much easier that the pole beans. But the pole beans are very hardy, disease resistant and generally produce more beans.

Some common/popular and mostly cultivated bean varieties are Lablab, Yardlong, Runner, Lima, Pinto, Black, Green, Butter, Yellow, Soybeans, Peas, Black-eyed etc.

You should select those varieties which grow well in your area. You can consult with a local farmer for more information.

Purchase Seeds/Plants

Bean plants are grown from seeds. You can purchase the seeds easily from any of your nearest seed stores or nurseries. You can also consider ordering online.

Planting

Prepare the land perfectly before planting beans. Planting system is different depending on the type of beans.

Whichever variety you choose, soak the seeds in clean water for 24 hours before sowing. Doing this will help in faster germination.

Planting Pole Beans

Pole beans will vine and they need to be grown up stakes or trellises. These types of beans require staking with supports and you can use fence, trellis, bamboo, loader or string for this purpose.

Corn or sunflower stalks can also be used for bean supports. Ensure that you have the support ready for the bean plants to climb on before planting pole bean varieties.

Planting Bush Beans

It’s actually very easy to grow the bush bean varieties. They generally require less care and maintenance for growing and generally don’t require any support. They are bushy plants and grow close to the ground.

The bush bean varieties generally produce early crop. For planting in rows, keep 1.5-2 ft space between two rows and around 0.5-1 ft space between two plants.

Caring

The bean plants are generally very hardy. They generally grow well and require less caring and other management.

Although, taking additional caring will help the plants to grow well and produce more. Here we are trying to describe more about the caring process of bean plants.

Fertilizing

Adding organic fertilizers while preparing the soil will be enough for the bean plants. But for commercial production, you have to apply some chemical fertilizer.

Apply fertilizer dose of nitrogen at the rate of 6kg per acre (urea at the rate of 13kg per acre) and phosphorus pentoxide at the rate of 8kg per acre (single super phosphate at the rate of 50kg per acre).

Watering/Irrigation

Adequate moisture in the soil is a must for beans farming business. So, you have to water the plants on a regular basis. Water the plants at least once a week or more frequently during dry weather.

Mulching

Mulching helps to retain moisture into the soil. It also helps to prevent weeds. Always try to use organic materials for mulching (such as grass clippings, composted leaves, straw etc.)

Pruning

Pruning is not a mandatory for beans. But you can cut the top of the plant when there are several true leaves. Doing this will encourage the plant to grow new vines.

Weeding

Frequent weeding and hoeing are required to keep the field weed free. 1-2 hoeing are required after 30-50 days of sowing to control the weeds. Mulching is also an effective way to reduce soil temperature along with weed control.

Pests & Diseases

Like many other commercial crops, the bean plants are also susceptible to many pests and diseases. Here we are trying to describe more about the common pests and diseases of bean plants.

Diseases & Their Control

Common diseases and their controlling methods are mentioned below.

Blister Beetle

Blister beetle damages the flower and blocks the pod formation. Spraying of deltamethrin 2.8 EC at the rate of 200 ml or indoxacarb 14.5 SC at the rate of 200 ml or acephate 75 SP at the rate of 800g per acre in 80-100 ltr of water will be effective.

Leaf Stem Rotten

Leaf stem rotten disease damages the stem and as result there is low seed yield and it’s quality also decreases.

Powdery Mildew

Patchy, White powdery growth appear on lower side of leaves. Avoid water lodging in field and keep the field clean for preventing this disease. To Control spray with Hexaconazole along with sticker at the rate of 1ml per Ltr of water.

Yellow Leaves

Yellow leaves disease appears firstly as a red spot and then gradually it turns into reddish brown and then yellow. It will decrease the leaves production. For treating this disease, you have to remove the infected portion as early as possible.

Yellow Mosaic

Light and green patches are observed on leaves in yellow mosaic disease affected plant. Plant growth get stops in early stage. For controlling, spray Acephate 75SP at the rate of 600gm per 200Ltr or Methyl demeton 25EC at the rate of 2ml per Ltr of water.

Wilt

Moist and poorly drain soil causes wilt and it is a soil borne disease. To control Wilt, Drench nearby soil with Copper oxychloride at the rate of 25gm or Carbendazim at the rate of 20gm per 10Ltr of water. To control Wilting of plants due to root rot do drenching with Trichoderma bio fungus at the rate of 2.5kg per 500Ltr water, near to roots of plants.

Pests & Their Control

Aphid

Aphids suck sap from the leaf and the plant suffer. For controlling aphids, spray Acephate 75SP at the rate of 1gm per Ltr or Methyl demeton 25EC at the rate of 2ml per Ltr of water.

Larva

Larva destroys the leaves and pod of the plant by feeding themselves on the leaves and bore in the pod.[1]

Lizard

Lizard causes cuts to the leaves and buds of the plant. Spraying of pesticide around the plant will help to remain lizard away from the plants. Spraying must be done in evening.

Mite

Mites are widely distributed pests observed throughout the world. Spray of Chlorfenapyr at the rate of 15ml per Ltr or Abamectin at the rate of 15ml per Ltr are found effective.

Pod Borer

Pod borer damages the pod by eating the young seeds or by moving on one pod to another. Spraying of indoxacarb 14.5 SC at the rate of 200 ml or acephate 75 SP at the rate of 800 g or spinosad 45 SC at the rate of 60 ml in 100 litres of water per acre is given to treat pod borer.

Small Larva

Small larva damages the leaves and green stems by feeding themselves. Spraying of Ekalux 25 EC at the rate of 200ml in 80-100 ltr of water or Nuvan 100 at the rate of 200ml in 80-100l of water is used to treat hairy caterpillar.

Thrips

Thrips are commonly observed pest. Use organic methods first for controlling. But if incidence of thrips is more, then take spray of Imidacloprid 17.8SL or Fipronil at the rate of 1ml per Ltr water or Acephate 75% WP at the rate of 1gm per Ltr.

Harvesting

Harvesting beans is a simple but important task for farmers and gardeners. By harvesting at the right time and using the right techniques, you can ensure a bountiful and delicious harvest of fresh, flavorful beans.

Whether you plan to eat them fresh, freeze them, or can them for later, beans are a versatile and nutritious crop that is well worth the effort of growing and harvesting.

Most of the beans can be harvested after 55-60 days from planting seeds. And you can start to harvest the beans generally after 20-25 days after the plants start flowering.

You can pick either immature or mature beans depending on what types you want to eat. Mostly the beans are picked at an immature stage (when the seeds inside have not yet fully developed).

Timing of Harvest

The timing of bean harvest depends on the type of bean and the intended use. Bush beans are typically harvested when the pods are about 3-4 inches long and are still tender. Pole beans are usually harvested when the pods are 5-7 inches long and the beans inside are fully formed but still tender.

It’s important not to wait too long to harvest beans, as they will become tough and stringy if left on the plant for too long. Additionally, if you wait too long to harvest, the plant may stop producing new beans.

Harvesting Techniques

When it comes to harvesting beans, there are a few different techniques that can be used. One common method is to simply pull the pods off the plant by hand. This can be done gently to avoid damaging the plant or the other pods.

Another method is to use scissors or pruning shears to cut the pods off the plant. This can be a good option if you have a large harvest, as it allows you to quickly and easily collect the beans.

If you are harvesting pole beans, it’s important to use caution when removing the pods from the trellis or support structure. Try to avoid damaging the plant as you collect the beans.

Storing and Preserving Beans

Once you’ve harvested your beans, it’s important to store them properly to ensure they stay fresh and delicious. Beans can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week, or in the freezer for several months.

To freeze beans, blanch them in boiling water for 2-3 minutes, then transfer them to a bowl of ice water to cool. Once they are cool, drain the beans and place them in a freezer-safe container or plastic bag. Be sure to label the container with the date so you know how long they have been stored.

Alternatively, beans can be preserved by canning. To can beans, sterilize jars and lids, then fill the jars with beans and cover with boiling water. Process the jars in a pressure canner according to the manufacturer’s instructions.

Yield

It’s very difficult to tell the exact amount and depends on many different factors including season, variety etc. But the average yield is 10-12 tonnes of green pods per hectare.

Measuring Bean Yield

To measure bean yield, you can use a simple formula to calculate the total weight of beans harvested. To do this, weigh the harvested beans and divide by the total area planted. For example, if you harvested 10 pounds of beans from a 100 square foot area, your yield would be 0.1 pounds per square foot.

Factors Affecting Bean Yield

There are several factors that can affect the yield of beans. Some of the most important factors include:

Soil Quality

Beans grow best in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. If the soil is poor or lacks nutrients, it can negatively impact the yield of the crop.

Climate

Beans prefer warm weather and plenty of sunlight. If the climate is too cold or too wet, it can result in a lower yield.

Variety

There are many different varieties of beans, each with its own unique growing requirements and potential yield. Choosing the right variety for your growing conditions is key to achieving a high yield.

Planting Density

Planting beans too close together can result in competition for nutrients and sunlight, leading to a lower yield. Similarly, planting them too far apart can result in wasted space and lower yields.

Pest and Disease Management

Beans can be affected by a variety of pests and diseases that can impact yield if not properly managed.

Tips for Maximizing Bean Yield

If you’re looking to maximize your bean yield, there are several tips you can follow to help ensure a successful harvest:

Prepare the Soil

Before planting, make sure the soil is well-drained and rich in organic matter. You can add compost or other organic material to improve soil quality.

Choose the Right Variety

Select a bean variety that is well-suited to your growing conditions and has a proven track record of high yields.

Plant at the Right Time

Beans should be planted when the soil has warmed up to at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit, and there is no longer a risk of frost.

Space the Plants Correctly

Beans should be planted at a density of about 3-4 inches apart for bush beans, and about 6 inches apart for pole beans.

Provide Adequate Water

Beans need regular watering to thrive, especially during dry periods. Water deeply and consistently to ensure the plants have enough moisture.

Manage Pests and Diseases

Regular monitoring and prompt action can help prevent pest and disease problems from impacting yield. Use organic or chemical treatments as needed.

Marketing

Marketing beans can be a challenge for farmers and distributors, as the market is often crowded with competitors and pricing can be volatile.

However, with the right strategies and tactics, it is possible to successfully market beans and create a profitable business. In this article, we’ll explore some effective marketing strategies for beans.

Identify Your Target Market

The first step in marketing beans is to identify your target market. This could include grocery stores, restaurants, farmers markets, and direct-to-consumer sales.

Each of these markets has unique needs and requirements, so it’s important to understand their preferences and purchase patterns in order to tailor your marketing efforts.

Develop a Brand Identity

Creating a brand identity can help differentiate your beans from competitors and attract loyal customers. This could include developing a logo, packaging design, and messaging that reflects the unique qualities of your beans, such as their flavor, texture, or nutritional value.

Utilize Social Media and Online Marketing

Social media and online marketing can be effective tools for promoting your beans and reaching a wider audience.

Consider creating a website or social media profiles to showcase your products and engage with customers. You could also offer special promotions or discounts to customers who follow you online or share your posts.

Attend Trade Shows and Farmers Markets

Attending trade shows and farmers markets can help you connect with potential customers and get feedback on your products.

This is also an opportunity to network with other farmers and distributors, learn about new trends in the industry, and gather ideas for future marketing efforts.

Offer Product Samples

Offering product samples can be a powerful way to introduce your beans to potential customers and showcase their quality and flavor.

Consider offering samples at farmers markets or hosting tasting events at grocery stores or restaurants to give people a chance to try your beans and provide feedback.

Partner with Restaurants and Retailers

Partnering with restaurants and retailers can be a valuable way to expand your market and increase your sales.

Consider approaching local restaurants or grocery stores to offer your beans as a specialty item or ingredient. You could also offer discounts or special promotions to these partners to incentivize them to promote your products.

Essential Tips For Beans Farming

There are several tips and techniques you can follow to ensure a successful harvest, whether you’re growing beans for personal consumption or as a commercial crop. Here are some essential tips for beans farming:

Select the Right Variety

There are many different varieties of beans available, each with its own unique growing requirements and potential yield. When selecting a variety, consider factors such as climate, soil type, and intended use.

For example, pole beans may be better suited to trellising, while bush beans may be more appropriate for container gardening or small spaces.

Prepare the Soil

Beans thrive in well-drained soil that is rich in organic matter. Before planting, it’s important to prepare the soil by removing any weeds, rocks, or debris, and adding compost or other organic matter to improve the soil quality.

A soil test can also help you determine any nutrient deficiencies or pH imbalances that need to be corrected.

Plant at the Right Time

Beans should be planted when the soil has warmed up to at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit and there is no longer a risk of frost. In general, beans are best planted in the spring or early summer, depending on your climate and growing season.

Provide Adequate Water

Beans need regular watering to thrive, especially during dry periods. Water deeply and consistently to ensure the plants have enough moisture, but avoid overwatering, as this can lead to root rot and other problems.

Support Pole Beans

If you’re growing pole beans, it’s important to provide them with adequate support to help them climb. This could include using trellises, stakes, or other structures to create a climbing surface for the plants. Be sure to tie the plants loosely to the support structure to avoid damaging the stems.

Control Pests and Diseases

Beans can be affected by a variety of pests and diseases, including aphids, spider mites, and fungal infections. Regular monitoring and prompt action can help prevent these problems from impacting your crop.

Consider using organic or chemical treatments as needed, and practice good crop rotation to prevent disease buildup in the soil.

Harvest at the Right Time

Beans should be harvested when the pods are firm and crisp, but before the seeds inside have fully matured. This will help ensure the best flavor and texture. For pole beans, harvest the pods regularly to encourage the plants to continue producing new growth.

These are the steps and ways for commercial beans farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you! 🙏

Frequently Asked Questions

People ask many questions about beans farming. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about this business and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

What is beans farming?

Beans farming is the cultivation of beans, which are legume crops that are grown for their edible seeds. Beans are a nutritious source of protein, carbohydrates, and fiber.

How lucrative is beans farming?

Commercial beans farming is a lucrative business. You can make good profits from this business. Even the beginners can start this business easily.

What are the different types of beans?

There are many different types of beans, including kidney beans, black beans, navy beans, pinto beans, lima beans, and chickpeas. Each type of bean has its own unique flavor and nutritional profile.

What is the best time to plant beans?

The best time to plant beans depends on the climate in your area. In general, beans should be planted when the soil has warmed up to at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit, and there is no longer a risk of frost.

What kind of soil do beans need?

Beans prefer well-draining soil that is rich in organic matter. The soil should be slightly acidic, with a pH of 6.0 to 7.5.

How often should beans be watered?

Beans should be watered regularly, but not over-watered. The soil should be kept consistently moist, but not waterlogged. In general, beans require about 1 inch of water per week.

How long does it take for beans to grow?

The time it takes for beans to grow depends on the type of bean and growing conditions. Generally, bush beans take about 50-60 days to mature, while pole beans take 60-90 days.

How do you harvest beans?

Beans should be harvested when the pods are fully mature, but before they begin to dry out. To harvest, gently pull the pods off the plant, taking care not to damage the plant or the other pods.

How do you store beans?

Beans should be stored in a cool, dry place in an airtight container. They will stay fresh for several months if stored properly.

What are some common pests and diseases that affect beans?

Some common pests that affect beans include bean beetles, aphids, and mites. Diseases that can affect beans include bacterial blight, mosaic virus, and rust. It is important to monitor plants regularly for signs of pest or disease damage and take appropriate action if necessary.

What are some common uses for beans?

Beans can be used in a variety of dishes, including soups, stews, salads, and side dishes. They can also be mashed and used as a filling for burritos or tacos, or blended into a dip like hummus.

2 thoughts on “Beans Farming”

    1. Actually, it’s really really very hard to tell the exact amount, because it depends on many different factors. You can consult with some existing farmers in your area for having an average recommendation. Thank you!

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