Commercial beans farming is not a new business idea. People are growing beans in both small scale and commercially from the ancient time.
Beans actually belong to Leguminaceae family and it is a very important vegetable in many countries around the world. It is also cultivated in many countries, mainly for the green pod.
The bean plants have a climbing habit, so you need to arrange such system for commercial beans farming.
Green edible beans are mainly used in daily cooking as vegetable, and also used as animal fodder and also for soil improvements.
The green beans are generally harvested with their beans in a pod before they are fully matured. They are more nutritionally comparable to other pod vegetables. That’s why they have very good demand in the local market.
However, both small scale and commercial beans farming is very easy and profitable. You can make good profits from this business.
Nutritional Value of Beans
Beans are high in protein, complex carbohydrates, folate and iron. They also have significant amounts of fiber and soluble fiber. One cup of cooked beans generally provide between 9 and 13 grams of fiber.
The Canadian government recommends that adults have up to two (female), and three (male) servings. 3/4 cup of cooked beans provide one serving.
The soluble fiber content in beans can help to lower the blood cholesterol levels. According to ‘healthline‘ one cup (164 grams) of cooked chickpeas contains:
- Calories: 269
- Protein: 14.5 grams
- Fiber: 12.5 grams
- Folate (vitamin B9): 71% of the RDI
- Manganese: 84% of the RDI
- Copper: 29% of the RDI
- Iron: 26% of the RDI
Health Benefits of Beans
As you can see above, beans are highly nutritious and healthy food. Here we are trying to describe about the common health benefits of consuming different types of beans regularly.
- Beans are highly nutritious and safe for human health. It’s a great source of protein, carbohydrate and fiber.
- Beans are helpful for reducing blood sugar, decreasing blood cholesterol and improving gut health.
- Peas are a great source of fiber and protein, which may help to reduce blood sugar and insulin resistance. Pea fiber and protein also supports a healthy gut as well.
- Lentils are great source of vegetarian protein and may also reduce blood sugar levels compared to some other foods that are high in carbohydrates.
- Kidney beans are also very healthy. They contain high amounts of fiber and may also help to reduce the rise in blood sugar that happens after a meal.
- Black beans are high in calories and essential nutrients. They are effective at reducing the rise in blood sugar after a meal compared to other high-carb foods (such as rice and bread).
- Soybeans are excellent source of good antioxidants. And the antioxidants they contain may help to reduce the risk of certain cancers, decrease risk factors for heart disease and also reduce menopausal bone density loss.
- Pinto beans are common in some countries, especially in Mexico. They are often eaten as whole beans, or mashed and fried. Consuming pinto beans may help to reduce blood cholesterol, blood sugar and maintain gut health.
- Navy beans are a great source of fiber, vitamin B and minerals. They are also known as haricot beans. They contain a lot of fiber and may help in reducing the risk factors for metabolic syndrome.
Advantages of Beans Farming Business
Commercial beans farming is a very easy and lucrative business. Many people are already doing this business commercially for making profits.
Large scale or commercial farming of beans is very popular in many countries. However, here we are trying to describe the top advantages of commercial beans farming business.
- Growing the bean plants is very easy and simple, even the beginners can also grow them.
- Commercial beans farming is a traditional business in some countries.
- Many people are already doing beans farming commercially. So, you don’t have to worry much about starting this business.
- Commercial beans farming is very profitable. So, you can make good profits from this business.
- Beginners can also start commercial beans farming business. Although learning practically from existing farmers will be better for the beginners.
- Capital requirements are relatively low as compared to other crop farming business, but the returns are good.
- You will be able to make very good profits if you can harvest the pods earlier in the growing season.
- Both demand and value of green beans in the market are high. So, you don’t have to worry much about marketing your products.
- Caring the bean plants is very easy. And you can grow beans with other commercial cash crops.
- Even some areas, people are growing beans in the bank of ponds or lakes and making extra profits along with fish production.
- As commercial beans farming is very profitable, so it can be a great employment source for the unemployed people. Especially for the educated unemployed people.
- Different types or beans are available and most of them are highly nutritious. You can enjoy beans in many different ways.
- You can enjoy fresh beans if you start your own beans farming business.
How to Start Beans Farming Business
Starting commercial beans farming business is very easy and simple. You can start this business even if you are a beginner.
Although, you should learn practically from existing farmers if you are a beginner. Here we are trying to describe more information about starting beans farming business.
Bean plants can be grown in a wide range of soil types. Generally the Indian beans thrives best in loamy, silty loam and clay loam soils.
Try to select the soil with good drainage system. The pH range between 5.5 and 6.0 is considered ideal for bean plants.
Cool climatic condition and fertile soils are necessary for good beans production. It will be better if the land is rich in organic matter, or you can add as much organic matter as you can while preparing the soil.
Add enough farmyard manure or any type of good compost. Doing this will make the soil fertile. For commercial production, give 2-3 ploughing for bringing the soil at fine tilth.
Then make the field level so that you can avoid water stagnation in the main field. Add compost or farmyard manure at the last ploughing.
Most of the common beans generally grow within a range of temperatures of 17.5° C to 27° C. Temperature above 30° C is not good for beans farming, and may cause the bean flower buds to fall.
But the French beans thrives within the ideal temperature range of 20° C to 25° C. And can also be grown in temperatures ranging between 14° C and 32° C.
There are many different varieties/cultivars of beans available throughout the world. The world genebanks are currently holding about 40,000 different bean varieties. But not all these varieties are used for commercial beans farming business.
Only a few varieties are grown for human consumption. Among these varieties two common types of beans are grown commercially. And these two types are bush beans and pole beans.
The pole bean varieties will vine and need to be grown up stakes or trellises. But the bush beans tend to grow more compactly and generally do not require support.
Growing the bush beans is much easier that the pole beans. But the pole beans are very hardy, disease resistant and generally produce more beans.
Some common/popular and mostly cultivated bean varieties are Lablab, Yardlong, Runner, Lima, Pinto, Black, Green, Butter, Yellow, Soybeans, Peas, Black-eyed etc.
You should select those varieties which grow well in your area. You can consult with a local farmer for more information.
Bean plants are grown from seeds. You can purchase the seeds easily from any of your nearest seed stores or nurseries. You can also consider ordering online.
Prepare the land perfectly before planting beans. Planting system is different depending on the type of beans.
Whichever variety you choose, soak the seeds in clean water for 24 hours before sowing. Doing this will help in faster germination.
Planting Pole Beans
Pole beans will vine and they need to be grown up stakes or trellises. These types of beans require staking with supports and you can use fence, trellis, bamboo, loader or string for this purpose.
Planting Bush Beans
It’s actually very easy to grow the bush bean varieties. They generally require less care and maintenance for growing and generally don’t require any support. They are bushy plants and grow close to the ground.
The bush bean varieties generally produce early crop. For planting in rows, keep 1.5-2 ft space between two rows and around 0.5-1 ft space between two plants.
The bean plants are generally very hardy. They generally grow well and require less caring and other management.
Although, taking additional caring will help the plants to grow well and produce more. Here we are trying to describe more about the caring process of bean plants.
Adding organic fertilizers while preparing the soil will be enough for the bean plants. But for commercial production, you have to apply some chemical fertilizer.
Apply fertilizer dose of nitrogen at the rate of 6kg per acre (urea at the rate of 13kg per acre) and phosphorus pentoxide at the rate of 8kg per acre (single super phosphate at the rate of 50kg per acre).
Adequate moisture in the soil is a must for beans farming business. So, you have to water the plants on a regular basis. Water the plants at least once a week or more frequently during dry weather.
Mulching helps to retain moisture into the soil. It also helps to prevent weeds. Always try to use organic materials for mulching (such as grass clippings, composted leaves, straw etc.)
Pruning is not a mandatory for beans. But you can cut the top of the plant when there are several true leaves. Doing this will encourage the plant to grow new vines.
Frequent weeding and hoeing are required to keep the field weed free. 1-2 hoeing are required after 30-50 days of sowing to control the weeds. Mulching is also an effective way to reduce soil temperature along with weed control.
Pests & Diseases
Like many other commercial crops, the bean plants are also susceptible to many pests and diseases. Here we are trying to describe more about the common pests and diseases of bean plants.
Diseases & Their Control
Common diseases and their controlling methods are mentioned below.
Blister beetle damages the flower and blocks the pod formation. Spraying of deltamethrin 2.8 EC at the rate of 200 ml or indoxacarb 14.5 SC at the rate of 200 ml or acephate 75 SP at the rate of 800g per acre in 80-100 ltr of water will be effective.
Leaf Stem Rotten
Leaf stem rotten disease damages the stem and as result there is low seed yield and it’s quality also decreases.
Patchy, White powdery growth appear on lower side of leaves. Avoid water lodging in field and keep the field clean for preventing this disease. To Control spray with Hexaconazole along with sticker at the rate of 1ml per Ltr of water.
Yellow leaves disease appears firstly as a red spot and then gradually it turns into reddish brown and then yellow. It will decrease the leaves production. For treating this disease, you have to remove the infected portion as early as possible.
Light and green patches are observed on leaves in yellow mosaic disease affected plant. Plant growth get stops in early stage. For controlling, spray Acephate 75SP at the rate of 600gm per 200Ltr or Methyl demeton 25EC at the rate of 2ml per Ltr of water.
Moist and poorly drain soil causes wilt and it is a soil borne disease. To control Wilt, Drench nearby soil with Copper oxychloride at the rate of 25gm or Carbendazim at the rate of 20gm per 10Ltr of water. To control Wilting of plants due to root rot do drenching with Trichoderma bio fungus at the rate of 2.5kg per 500Ltr water, near to roots of plants.
Pests & Their Control
Aphids suck sap from the leaf and the plant suffer. For controlling aphids, spray Acephate 75SP at the rate of 1gm per Ltr or Methyl demeton 25EC at the rate of 2ml per Ltr of water.
Larva destroys the leaves and pod of the plant by feeding themselves on the leaves and bore in the pod.
Lizard causes cuts to the leaves and buds of the plant. Spraying of pesticide around the plant will help to remain lizard away from the plants. Spraying must be done in evening.
Mites are widely distributed pests observed throughout the world. Spray of Chlorfenapyr at the rate of 15ml per Ltr or Abamectin at the rate of 15ml per Ltr are found effective.
Pod borer damages the pod by eating the young seeds or by moving on one pod to another. Spraying of indoxacarb 14.5 SC at the rate of 200 ml or acephate 75 SP at the rate of 800 g or spinosad 45 SC at the rate of 60 ml in 100 litres of water per acre is given to treat pod borer.
Small larva damages the leaves and green stems by feeding themselves. Spraying of Ekalux 25 EC at the rate of 200ml in 80-100 ltr of water or Nuvan 100 at the rate of 200ml in 80-100l of water is used to treat hairy caterpillar.
Thrips are commonly observed pest. Use organic methods first for controlling. But if incidence of thrips is more, then take spray of Imidacloprid 17.8SL or Fipronil at the rate of 1ml per Ltr water or Acephate 75% WP at the rate of 1gm per Ltr.
Most of the beans can be harvested after 55-60 days from planting seeds. And you can start to harvest the beans generally after 20-25 days after the plants start flowering.
You can pick either immature or mature beans depending on what types you want to eat. Mostly the beans are picked at an immature stage (when the seeds inside have not yet fully developed).
It’s very difficult to tell the exact amount and depends on many different factors including season, variety etc. But the average yield is 10-12 tonnes of green pods per hectare.
Marketing beans is very easy and simple. Most of the bean varieties have very good demand and value in the market. So, you will be able to easily sell your products in the market.
These are the steps and ways for commercial beans farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you! 🙏