Alabio Duck

Alabio duck is a dual purpose breed originating in Indonesia. It is also locally known as Itik Alabio. It is a very popular duck breed in Indonesia and highly populated in South Kalimantan.

The Alabio duck is considered to be a result of cross breeding of Indonesian local ducks and Pekin duck. The breed was named Alabio by Saleh Puspo, and the sub-district they were reared in is known as Alabio. Review characteristics, breed profile and some special notes about Alabio duck below.

Physical Characteristics of Alabio Duck

Alabio ducks are generally of brown color with white spots and a line pattern around the eyes. The drake and ducks are different in color. The ducks have a light brown head, and the drakes have a head with bright blue or green color.

There have been several cross breeding of Alabio duck. Which changes it’s productivity, color of shank, beak and feathers from the original Alabio ducks. Original Alabio duck has cream feathers. And their beak and shanks are either dark yellow, light yellow or orange.

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On an average, Alabio drakes weight about 1.8-2.0 kg and ducks about 1.6-1.8 kg. Photo from LookSeek.


The Alabio duck was mainly raised as a laying duck breed. But now, they are also being raised for meat production, as they produce tasty meat. Today the breed is being raised as a dual purpose duck breed.

Special Notes

Alabio duck is a utility breed and suitable for both meat and eggs production. They do very well in confinement, but require good housing facilities with plenty of space for better result. They are good fliers.

Like most other ducks, Alabio ducks also love swimming. So sufficient amount of clean water is necessary. They are very strong and long lived birds. The average lifespan of Alabio duck is about 8 years, but can live up to 12 years depending on the breed.

Alabio drakes are very protective and will guard their nest by chasing away other ducks. Alabio ducks are excellent layers and can lay up to 200 eggs per year. Ducks tend to go broody.

After laying 5-8 eggs, a duck will start to sit on her eggs to keep them warm so that they can be hatched into baby ducklings. Review full breed profile of this duck breed below.

Breed NameAlabio
Other NameAlso locally known as Itik Alabio
Breed PurposeDual Purpose (eggs & meat)
Special NotesFriendly, Great Foragers
Breed ClassLight Weight
DrakeAbout 1.8-2.0 kg
DuckAbout 1.6-1.8 kg
Climate ToleranceHeat
Egg ColorWhite
Egg SizeMedium to Large
Egg Weight65-70 grams
Egg ProductivityHigh
Flying AbilityGood
VarietiesDrakes and ducks are different in color, but there are no other varieties.
Country of OriginIndonesia

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