When A Goats Vulva Start To Expand During Pregnancy?

Learning about when a goats vulva start to expand during pregnancy is very important. Especially, if you have pregnant doe in your herd which is going to give birth of kids soon.

If your doe is pregnant, then you have to make sure you don’t miss any signs that her kid/kids are ok.

Usually goat’s gestation period takes not more than five months (155 days). So you have a lots of time to get everything ready after the mating of your does.

When A Goats Vulva Start To Expand During Pregnancy

Usually a healthy goat’s vulva should appear relatively tight until birth is impending. During a few days prior to kidding, the vulva starts opening and becomes slacker.

This is a clear sign that a or a few new kids are going to see the world soon.

Bagging Up

Bagging up means your doe’s udder fills with milk and become ready to feed the newborn kid/kids. Bagging up is the first sign of kidding. You can determine the delivery date is coming closer when your doe starts bagging up.

Bagging up is an obvious sign, rather than something subtle or quick that you might miss. Some does don’t bag up until the day before delivery. And some goats might bag up a week or more before kidding.

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If you have numerous goats in your herd, then separate the pregnant doe once you see her bagging up. Keep her in a completely separate area where other goat’s won’t disturb her or in such an area where you intend to have her kidding.

Days Before Birth

The doe becomes restless, when the kid/kids are about to born within a day or two. She starts pawing and getting up and down frequently and appears nervous. During this period, you might see a mucus discharge emanating from her vulva.

Usually the discharge from her vulva should be thin and relatively clear. You need to consult with your vet, if you see greenish discharge. Because it indicates infection. Discharge of mucus is also an indicator for your does that her vulva is beginning to expand.

When she starts bleating and doesn’t stop, that’s the key that labor is beginning and your doe is going to give birth of kids soon. Sometimes some doe might go on making noise for up to 12 hours before delivery.


When kidding is very closer, your doe will start walking around nervously and start getting up and down constantly. And once the kid/kids move into the birth canal, the doe’s flanks appear sunken in.

The kids are not far behind, when you will notice a thick, stringy vaginal discharge. Your doe will begin strong constractions. And you will see a reddish fluid bag emanating from her vulva. And then she has more contractions.

After a few contractions, you should see the front feet and nose emerging. After a few more contractions, the first kid is born. If your doe has more than one kid, then any others will be born within intervals of a few minutes.


After kidding you can wipe off some of the amniotic fluid from the kid’s nose (if you attend the birth). Open the sac if it didn’t break.

Usually your doe will lick off and clean her babies naturally. The placenta should come out within half an hour after delivery.

You can dispose of it, or your doe can eat it. If the placenta doesn’t emerge within two hours of the birth, then it’s an emergency. And you have to call the vet as soon as possible. If this happen, then there is a possibility a dead kid is still inside your doe. So you are in need of help of a vet urgently.

Best Tips for Goat Caring During Pregnancy

Caring for a pregnant goat requires diligence, knowledge, and commitment. Proper nutrition, regular veterinary care, and a stress-free environment are fundamental aspects of goat care during pregnancy.

By following these best practices, you can help ensure a healthy pregnancy and the birth of robust, thriving kids. Remember that each goat is unique, so consult with a veterinarian or experienced goat breeder for personalized advice based on your specific circumstances.

Actually when a goat becomes pregnant, proper care becomes even more critical to ensure the health and well-being of both the dam and her developing offspring.

Pregnancy is a crucial period in a goat’s life cycle, and there are several best practices to follow for optimal goat care during this time. Here we are trying to share some of the best tips for goat caring during pregnancy.

1. Provide Adequate Nutrition

During pregnancy, a doe’s nutritional needs increase significantly to support her growing kids. Providing a well-balanced diet with the right nutrients is essential. Here are some dietary guidelines:

Quality Forage: High-quality forage, such as grass or alfalfa hay, should be the primary component of a pregnant goat’s diet. Ensure that the forage is free from mold or contamination.

Supplementary Feed: To meet the increased energy and nutrient demands, consider offering supplementary feed designed for pregnant and lactating goats. This can include grain mixes and mineral supplements formulated for goats.

Fresh Water: Always provide access to clean, fresh water. Hydration is crucial throughout pregnancy.

2. Perform Regular Veterinary Check-ups

Routine veterinary care is essential during pregnancy. Schedule regular check-ups with a knowledgeable veterinarian who can monitor the doe’s health, assess the progress of the pregnancy, and address any potential issues. Vaccinations and deworming should also be part of the healthcare plan.

3. Provide Adequate Shelter

Adequate shelter is essential to protect pregnant does from harsh weather conditions. Ensure they have access to a clean, dry, and well-ventilated shelter to prevent stress and maintain their overall health.

4. Monitor Their Body Condition Regularly

Keep a close eye on the doe’s body condition throughout pregnancy. She should neither be too thin nor too fat. Maintaining the right body condition score ensures a healthy pregnancy and easier kidding.

5. Separation During Kidding

When the time for kidding approaches, it’s crucial to separate the pregnant doe from the herd. This provides a safe and quiet environment for the birth and bonding with the kids. A kidding pen or separate stall is an excellent choice.

6. Prepare for Kidding

Have a kidding kit ready with essential supplies, including clean towels, iodine solution for disinfection, gloves, and a contact number for a veterinarian or experienced goat breeder in case of complications. Familiarize yourself with the signs of labor so you can provide assistance when needed.

7. Keep Records Properly

Maintain accurate records of breeding dates, due dates, and any prenatal care given. Good record keeping helps track the progress of the pregnancy and aids in making informed decisions regarding care and breeding management.

8. Try to Avoid Stress

Minimize stressors during pregnancy. Goats are sensitive animals, and stress can lead to health problems. Keep the pregnant doe’s environment as calm and quiet as possible.

9. Postpartum Care

After kidding, continue to provide proper care for the doe and her newborn kids. Ensure that the kids receive adequate colostrum (first milk) within the first few hours of birth to boost their immune systems.

10. Weaning and Additional Caring

Once the kids are weaned, the dam’s nutritional needs will change again. Transition her to a suitable diet for non-pregnant goats. Continue with regular veterinary care and maintain good herd management practices.

Related Queries & FAQs

There are lots of questions and queries related to when a goats vulva start to expand during pregnancy. Here we are trying to list the common questions and queries about when a goats vulva start to expand during pregnancy. Hope you will find answers of your questions or queries. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.

What are the signs of a goat’s vulva expanding during pregnancy?

Signs of vulvar expansion during pregnancy include the vulva appearing swollen or puffy compared to its usual appearance. This change is part of the natural preparation for kidding.

How long before kidding does the vulva expand in a pregnant goat?

The vulva may start to expand several days to a few weeks before kidding. The exact timing varies depending on the individual goat and its pregnancy.

Are there other signs of impending labor in goats besides vulvar expansion?

Yes, other signs of impending labor in goats can include udder development, restlessness, pawing at the ground, seeking isolation, and changes in appetite. These behavioral and physical changes can vary among goats.

What should I do when I notice a goat’s vulva expanding during pregnancy?

When you notice vulvar expansion in a pregnant goat, it’s essential to monitor the goat closely for other signs of labor. Ensure that the goat has a clean and safe place to give birth. If you have any concerns or if labor appears to be problematic, contact a veterinarian or an experienced livestock breeder for assistance.

Can vulvar expansion be a false alarm in a pregnant goat?

While vulvar expansion is a common sign of approaching labor in goats, it’s essential to consider other factors and signs in conjunction with it. In some cases, vulvar expansion may occur without immediate labor, but it’s generally a reliable indicator when combined with other signs.

Can I use vulvar expansion as the sole indicator of pregnancy in goats?

No, vulvar expansion is not a reliable indicator of pregnancy by itself. It is a sign of impending labor rather than pregnancy confirmation. To confirm pregnancy, you should consider other methods such as ultrasound scans, blood tests, or observing other pregnancy-related signs.

How can I assist a goat during labor if I notice vulvar expansion?

Provide a clean, dry, and safe place for the goat to give birth. Monitor the labor process, and if the goat experiences difficulties or prolonged labor, seek assistance from a veterinarian or experienced goat breeder.

Can vulvar expansion occur at different times in different goat breeds?

Yes, the timing of vulvar expansion can vary among different goat breeds and individual goats. It’s essential to be familiar with the specific characteristics of the breed you are working with.

Is vulvar expansion painful for the pregnant goat?

Vulvar expansion itself is not painful for the pregnant goat. It is a natural process associated with the relaxation of the vulva to facilitate the birthing process.

Are there any specific changes in the appearance or color of the vulva during pregnancy?

While vulvar expansion is a noticeable change, the color of the vulva may also become darker or redder in some goats during pregnancy. However, this change can vary among individual goats.

Can a pregnant goat’s vulva go back to it’s normal size before kidding?

In some cases, a goat’s vulva may temporarily relax and then contract again before labor actually begins. However, once true labor starts, the vulva will remain expanded until after the kidding process is complete.

Is it possible to determine the exact day a goat will give birth based on vulvar expansion?

No, vulvar expansion is a sign that labor is approaching, but it does not provide an exact date for kidding. The timing of labor can still vary, and it is influenced by various factors, including the individual goat’s health and pregnancy progression.

Should I check the goat’s vulva frequently as a sign of labor?

While it’s essential to monitor pregnant goats for signs of labor, frequent checking of the vulva can be stressful for the goat and may not provide additional information. It’s better to rely on a combination of behavioral and physical signs to determine labor readiness.

Can vulvar expansion be a sign of a problem during pregnancy?

In most cases, vulvar expansion during pregnancy is a normal and expected part of the birthing process. However, if you notice excessive swelling, discharge, or signs of infection around the vulva, it may indicate a problem, and you should consult a veterinarian.

Can a pregnant goat’s vulva remain unchanged until labor starts?

Yes, it is possible for a goat’s vulva to remain relatively unchanged until very close to the onset of labor. Some goats may show subtle signs of vulvar expansion, while others may have a more noticeable change.

What should I do if I suspect a goat is pregnant but don’t see any changes in the vulva?

If you suspect a goat is pregnant but don’t see any changes in the vulva, consider other signs such as udder development, changes in appetite, and behavioral changes. Additionally, consult a veterinarian for a pregnancy diagnosis through ultrasound or blood tests if needed.

Can vulvar expansion occur in non-pregnant goats?

Vulvar expansion is primarily associated with the late stages of pregnancy and the approach of labor. While it can be a sign of a problem or infection in non-pregnant goats, it is not a common occurrence.

Can vulvar expansion happen in young or first-time pregnant goats?

Yes, vulvar expansion can occur in young or first-time pregnant goats just as it does in older, more experienced does. The timing and extent of the expansion can vary among individuals.

Is there anything I should do to prepare for a goat’s labor when vulvar expansion is observed?

Yes, when vulvar expansion is observed, it’s crucial to prepare for labor by providing a clean, dry, and secure area for the goat to give birth. Ensure that you have necessary supplies on hand, such as clean towels, iodine solution for disinfection, and a contact number for a veterinarian or experienced goat breeder in case of complications.

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