Peacock farming is not a new business idea. These birds are common and are being raised by the people from a very long time ago.
People raise various types of poultry birds for the purpose of producing meat, eggs, and also for their beauty. But peafowls are not raised for meat or eggs, rather they are raised for their beauty.
Peafowls are very useful to farmers and they help them by eating harmful insects, snakes etc. They are very helpful for nature.
Raising various types of poultry birds is one of the best and lucrative business ventures. Peafowl production is also very profitable. But they are not used for meat or eggs. Mostly they are raised as pets, for their beauty and also for enhancing the beauty of a property.
Some people also raise peafowls as a hobby and for entertaining purpose. Raising peafowls is very pleasuring.
Economic Importance of Peacock
The Indian and Burmese peacocks are considered as the most beautiful birds. Peacocks are very beautiful and their feathers attract almost all types of people.
Peafowls are good to watch. They are very entertaining, and it’s very pleasuring to monitor their activities. So, showing peacock can be a good business.
Generally, peafowls are not raised for their meat or eggs. But they are highly valued in the market. They are among the highly priced birds.
For this reason peacock farming is absolutely very profitable like pigeon, chicken, ducks and other poultry farming business.
Peacock features also have huge demand and value for decorating houses. A general person who has never seen any peacock yet, is also a fan of their feathers.
Peacock features have a great popularity internationally. Many luxurious shop sell peacock features, due to it’s high demand and popularity.
Commercial peacock farming is not too popular yet. Right now, you can see peacocks in a few farms and in the zoo. In India peacocks are highly available both in the wild and in commercial farms.
Peafowls are suitable for commercial raising both in the town and village areas. Contact with your nearest wild life service centers and learn whether commercial peacock farming is permitted in your area or not.
Features of Peacock
The peacock has iridescent blue-green or green colored plumage. Head, neck, van and throat protector is little blue colored. Both peacock and peahens have crest atop the head. Their legs are reddish.
Peacocks have very attractive tail and they use their beautiful tail for attracting the peahens. You can see ‘eyes’ on their tail, when they fan their tail. Peacocks dance raising their tail plumage to attract peahens, which is very impressive and mind blowing.
Peacocks always love to stay in a group. Usually you will see 1 peacock with 5 to 6 peahens in a group. In the wild peacock move over the ground for a short period, most of the time they stay upon the large trees.
Grains, insects, snakes, small fish, frogs, etc are their favorite food. Peahens lay about 3 to 5 eggs by making a small hole in the ground. The eggs are off white colored.
And it takes about 27 to 30 days for hatching their eggs. Average life expectancy of peafowl is around 35 years. They reach sexual maturity at their 3 to 4 years of age.
Advantages of Peacock Farming
Commercial production of peafowl has many benefits or advantages. Here we are trying to describe the top advantages of starting commercial peafowl farming business.
- The main benefit of peafowl farming is ‘it’s very pleasuring’. Peafowls are very beautiful birds and watching their activities is very mind refreshing.
- You will be able to start small scale peafowl production with little investment.
- Return of invest ratio is very high. You will be able to make good profits from your business.
- You can utilize your backyard and make some extras.
- Like other poultry birds, peafowls don’t require much caring and other management.
- Peafowls and their products have huge demand and value in the market.
- Commercial peafowl production can be a great employment source for the rural people. Especially for the unemployed educated young people.
How to Start Peafowl Farming
If you want to raise peafowl on your property, then you have to feed them nutritious foods and make a suitable environment for them.
Peafowls are omnivorous, their regular includes wheat, rice, vegetables, seeds, insects, snails etc. Papaya, melon and other fruits are also their favorite food.
Along with providing nutritious food, you have to supply sufficient amount of fresh and clean water daily.
Starting large scale peacock farming is relatively easy. Here we are trying to describe more information about starting commercial peafowl farming business.
Complete a Peacock Farming Training
Peacock farming requires a certain level of skill and knowledge, and it is essential for farmers to receive adequate training before embarking on this venture. In this article, we will discuss the importance of peacock farming training and the various aspects that are covered in such programs.
Why is Peacock Farming Training Important?
Peacock farming involves several factors that are unique to this type of bird. Farmers need to understand the behavior, health requirements, breeding patterns, and feeding habits of peacocks to ensure their well-being and maximize their productivity.
With the right training and support, farmers can run successful peacock farms and contribute to the growing demand for peacock products. Peacock farming training is an essential investment that can help farmers build a profitable and sustainable business while ensuring the welfare of their birds.
Peacock farming training provides farmers with the necessary knowledge and skills to run a successful peacock farm. Such training programs cover various aspects of peacock farming, including:
Housing and Shelter of Peacocks
Peacocks require adequate shelter that protects them from the elements and predators. Farmers need to learn about the different types of housing and shelter options available and choose the best one for their peacocks.
Peacock Nutrition and Feeding
Proper nutrition is essential for the health and growth of peacocks. Farmers need to learn about the different types of feed and supplements required for peacocks at various stages of their life cycle.
Health and Disease Management
Peacocks are prone to several diseases and health conditions, and it is essential to keep them healthy to ensure maximum productivity. Farmers need to learn about the various diseases that affect peacocks, their symptoms, and treatment options.
Breeding and Incubation
Peacock breeding is a complex process that requires a good understanding of the birds’ reproductive behavior. Farmers need to learn about the different breeding methods and techniques and how to incubate eggs successfully.
Marketing and Sales
Peacock farming is a commercial venture, and farmers need to learn about the different marketing strategies and sales channels to reach potential customers and maximize profits.
Where Can You Receive Peacock Farming Training?
Peacock farming training programs are available through various sources, including universities, agricultural extension offices, and private training institutes. Some organizations and government agencies also offer training and support for peacock farmers.
The training programs typically involve a combination of classroom sessions and hands-on training, where farmers get to work with peacocks and gain practical experience.
Some training programs also offer mentorship and ongoing support to farmers as they start and grow their businesses.
Make A Peacock Farming Business Plan
Like any other business, a peacock farming business requires careful planning and preparation to ensure its success. In this article, we will discuss the key elements of a peacock farming business plan.
The executive summary is an overview of the entire business plan, including the business goals, target market, and financial projections. It should be concise and provide a clear picture of the business plan’s key elements.
Market analysis involves researching the demand for peacock products such as meat, eggs, and feathers. Farmers need to identify their target market and understand their needs, preferences, and purchasing behavior. This analysis should also include a review of the competition and their pricing strategies.
Products and Services
Peacock farming offers several products and services, including peacock meat, eggs, feathers, and live birds. Farmers need to identify which products they will focus on and develop a plan for production, pricing, and distribution.
Marketing and Sales Strategy
Marketing and sales strategy involves identifying the channels through which peacock products will be sold and the tactics used to promote them.
Farmers need to determine the most effective channels for reaching their target market, including online sales platforms, farmers’ markets, and local restaurants.
The operations plan outlines the day-to-day activities involved in running a peacock farm, including housing, feeding, breeding, and health management. Farmers need to have a clear plan for the labor, equipment, and resources required to operate the farm efficiently.
The financial plan is a crucial component of the peacock farming business plan, which outlines the startup costs, revenue projections, and operating expenses.
Farmers need to identify the sources of funding for the startup costs, such as loans or grants, and project the revenue and expenses for the first three to five years of operation.
A risk assessment is an essential part of the peacock farming business plan, which identifies potential risks and challenges and develops strategies to mitigate them. Risks may include market fluctuations, disease outbreaks, and natural disasters.
Select a Good Location For Your Peacock Farm
Choosing the right location is a crucial factor in the success of a peacock farming business. Peacocks require a specific environment that meets their housing, feeding, and behavioral needs. Here we are trying to discuss the key factors to consider when selecting a location for a peacock farm.
Best Climate For Peacock Farming
Peacocks are adaptable birds that can live in a range of climates. However, extreme weather conditions, such as heavy rain, snow, or high temperatures, can be harmful to their health. Farmers need to consider the climate of the location and ensure that it is suitable for peacocks.
Peacock farming requires adequate land for housing, feeding, and breeding. Farmers need to choose a location that offers sufficient land and allows for future expansion if necessary. The land should also be fertile, free from contaminants, and have access to clean water.
Proximity to Markets
Peacock farming is a commercial venture, and farmers need to consider the proximity of their location to potential markets. Farmers need to select a location that is accessible to consumers and has a favorable transport network for distributing their products.
Environmental Regulations of Peacock Farming
Peacock farming is subject to environmental regulations, and farmers need to comply with them. Farmers need to choose a location that meets the environmental regulations in terms of waste disposal, manure management, and pollution control.
Security of Your Peacock Farm
Peacocks are valuable birds, and farmers need to ensure their safety and security. Farmers need to choose a location that is safe from predators, theft, and vandalism.
They should also install adequate security measures, such as fencing and surveillance cameras, to protect their birds and assets.
Local Support and Infrastructure
Peacock farming requires support from local authorities and access to essential infrastructure such as electricity, roads, and communication networks. Farmers need to choose a location that offers such support and infrastructure to run their business effectively.
Select Good Peacock Breed
The Indian Blue Peafowl is the most common breed. But there are also many other breeds to choose from. Here we will discuss the different peacock breeds that are commonly found in farms around the world.
Indian Blue Peafowl
The Indian Blue Peafowl is the most commonly found peacock breed in captivity. It is native to India, Sri Lanka, and Pakistan and is known for its striking blue and green plumage.
The male, known as the peacock, has a long train of feathers that are displayed during courtship displays. The female, known as the peahen, has a shorter tail and is less vibrant in color.
The Green Peafowl is native to Southeast Asia and is known for its emerald-green plumage. The male, known as the peacock, has a shorter train than the Indian Blue Peafowl but is more colorful with metallic green and blue feathers. The female, known as the peahen, has a brownish-grey plumage with green and gold feathers.
The Congo Peafowl is native to central Africa and is smaller in size than the Indian Blue and Green Peafowl. The male, known as the peacock, has blue and green plumage with a distinctive white belly. The female, known as the peahen, has a brownish plumage with black and white feathers.
The White Peafowl is a rare breed that is bred for ornamental purposes. It is a genetic mutation of the Indian Blue Peafowl and has white plumage with a hint of blue or green around the neck.
The male, known as the peacock, has a long train of feathers, while the female, known as the peahen, has a shorter tail.
The Spalding Peafowl is a hybrid breed that is a cross between the Indian Blue Peafowl and the Green Peafowl. It has a striking plumage that combines the colors of both breeds, with metallic green, blue, and bronze feathers.
The male, known as the peacock, has a long train of feathers, while the female, known as the peahen, has a brownish-grey plumage.
Behavior of Peacocks
Understanding the behavior of peacocks is essential for their proper care and management in captivity.
Here we are trying to discuss the behavior of peacocks, including their social behavior, mating behavior, and communication.
Peacocks are social birds and live in groups called “parties” or “prides.” A party can consist of several males and females, and the males often compete for dominance within the group. The dominant male, known as the alpha male, has access to the best food, shelter, and breeding opportunities.
Mating behavior is an essential part of peacock behavior. During the mating season, the male peacock displays his colorful feathers in a courtship display to attract the female peahen.
The male fans out his tail feathers and spreads them wide, creating a fan-like display. He also makes a series of calls, including a loud, high-pitched whistle and a low, deep drumming sound, to attract the female.
Peacocks communicate with each other through a variety of visual and vocal signals. The males use their colorful plumage to display their dominance and attract females. They also use a range of vocalizations, including calls, whistles, and drumming sounds, to communicate with other peacocks.
Peacocks are omnivorous and feed on a variety of foods, including insects, fruits, seeds, and small animals. They forage on the ground for food and use their long necks to reach fruits and other food sources.
Peacocks roost in trees or other high places at night to avoid predators. They prefer to roost together in groups and often select the same roosting site every night.
Peacock housing is an essential component of peacock farming, as it provides the birds with shelter and protection from the elements and predators.
Peacocks require adequate housing that meets their specific needs, including space, ventilation, and nesting areas. Here we are trying to discuss the key factors to consider when designing and building housing for peacocks.
Peacocks require adequate space to move around, exercise, and spread their wings. The housing should provide at least 8 to 10 square feet of space per bird, with a height of at least 8 feet to allow the birds to spread their wings fully. The housing should also have enough room for nesting and perching areas.
Good ventilation is essential for peacock housing, as it helps to maintain good air quality and prevent the build-up of harmful gases.
The housing should have adequate windows or vents that allow for fresh air circulation, and the placement of the housing should consider the direction of the prevailing winds to ensure proper ventilation.
Peacocks require nesting areas that are protected from the elements and predators. The nesting area should have enough space for the birds to lay their eggs and should be filled with soft bedding material, such as straw or wood shavings.
Peacocks need perching areas that allow them to roost and sleep off the ground. The perching areas should be sturdy enough to support the weight of the birds and should be placed at different heights to accommodate the peacocks’ natural perching behavior.
Feeding and Watering Areas
Peacocks require feeding and watering areas that are separate from their nesting and perching areas. The feeding area should be equipped with feeding troughs that are at a comfortable height for the birds to reach, and the watering area should have clean and fresh water available at all times.
Protection from Predators
Peacocks are vulnerable to predators such as dogs, foxes, and raccoons. The housing should be designed to protect the birds from such predators, with fencing that is sturdy and high enough to prevent them from climbing over or digging under.
Peafowls are omnivorous. They eat almost everything whether any plant or animal matter. Wild figs, berries and nuts are favorite foods in season, but seeds, grain and leaves are staple items all year.
They also love to catch and eat mice, frogs, small snakes, various types of small mammals, various types of insects such as ants, grasshoppers, termites etc.
Peafowl don’t drink water frequently like other domestic poultry birds. Usually they drink water during their midday rest and while eating in late afternoon. They drink again just before going to roost.
You can also feed your peafowl a wide range of crops and fruits such as bananas, chilly, groundnut, paddy, tomato etc. If you have any peachicks, you can feed them turkey starter feed, boiled chicken eggs etc.
Actually, feeding peacocks is an important aspect of peacock farming, as it provides the birds with the essential nutrients they need to maintain good health and productivity.
Peacocks require a balanced diet that includes a variety of foods to meet their nutritional needs. Here we are trying to discuss the key factors to consider when feeding peacocks.
Peacocks require a diet that is high in protein to support their growth and development. Protein-rich foods such as insects, worms, and small animals should be a significant part of their diet. Commercially available peacock feed can also be used, which typically contains high levels of protein.
Peacocks require a balanced diet that includes carbohydrates to provide them with energy. Foods such as corn, wheat, and rice can be used to provide carbohydrates in their diet.
Fats and Oils Requirements
Fats and oils are essential for the absorption of vitamins and minerals and to maintain healthy skin and feathers. Foods such as nuts, seeds, and vegetable oils can be used to provide these essential nutrients.
Vitamins and Minerals Requirements
Peacocks require vitamins and minerals to maintain good health and prevent diseases. Foods such as fruits and vegetables can be used to provide these essential nutrients.
Peacocks require clean and fresh water available at all times. Water is essential for digestion, nutrient absorption, and regulating body temperature.
Peacocks should be fed twice a day, with the first feeding in the morning and the second in the evening. The feeding schedule should be consistent to prevent overeating or underfeeding.
Usually peafowl’s breeding season starts with the monsoon. There are some advantages of mating during this season. Peachicks benefit from the abundance of food resulting from the rains.
Peacocks show their trains and dance for attracting the peahens. Each peacock mate with 5 to 6 peahens in his group during this season.
After successful mating, peahens lay eggs. Usually it takes about 27 to 30 days to hatch their eggs.
Peacock breeding is an essential component of peacock farming, as it provides a means of propagating the species and producing offspring that can be raised for meat, feathers, or ornamental purposes.
Breeding peacocks requires careful planning and management to ensure successful mating and hatching. Here we are trying to discuss the key factors to consider when breeding peacocks.
Age and Maturity
Peacocks should reach sexual maturity before breeding, which typically occurs at two to three years of age. Breeding immature birds can result in poor fertility rates and low-quality eggs.
Male to Female Ratio
Peacocks require a male to female ratio of at least one male per three to four females. An imbalance in the ratio can result in fighting and stress, which can lead to low fertility rates and poor hatching success.
Courtship and Mating
Courtship behavior is an essential part of peacock breeding, and males will display their colorful plumage and perform a dance to attract females. Mating typically occurs from April to August, with the male mounting the female and fertilizing the eggs.
Nesting and Incubation
Peahens lay their eggs in nests that are typically located on the ground, in dense vegetation, or in a protected area. The eggs take approximately 28 days to hatch, and during this time, the peahen will incubate the eggs and protect them from predators.
After hatching, the chicks are born with a brownish-yellow plumage and require care and attention from their parents. They should be kept in a warm, dry environment and provided with a balanced diet that includes a variety of protein-rich foods.
Breeding Season Management
Breeding season management is essential to ensure successful mating and hatching. Farmers need to ensure that the male to female ratio is balanced, that the birds have adequate nesting areas, and that the eggs are protected from predators. They should also monitor the birds’ health and nutrition to ensure their well-being.
Caring for Peacocks
Caring for peacocks is essential for their well-being and productivity in captivity. Peacocks require proper care and management to maintain good health, prevent diseases, and ensure successful breeding and hatching. Here we are trying to discuss the key factors to consider when caring for peacocks.
Shelter and Housing
Peacocks require adequate shelter and housing that protects them from the elements and predators. Housing should provide enough space for the birds to move around, exercise, and spread their wings. It should also have adequate ventilation, nesting and perching areas, and feeding and watering areas.
Feeding and Nutrition
Peacocks require a balanced diet that includes protein, carbohydrates, fats and oils, vitamins, and minerals. A diet that includes a variety of foods, such as insects, fruits, and vegetables, can provide the necessary nutrients for the birds. Clean and fresh water should also be available at all times.
Health and Disease Prevention
Peacocks are susceptible to diseases, and farmers should monitor their health regularly. Signs of illness, such as lethargy, loss of appetite, or abnormal behavior, should be addressed promptly.
Farmers should also practice disease prevention measures, such as regular cleaning and disinfection of housing, and vaccination if necessary.
Breeding and Hatching
Peacock breeding and hatching require careful planning and management. Farmers should ensure that the male to female ratio is balanced, that the birds have adequate nesting areas, and that the eggs are protected from predators. They should also monitor the birds’ health and nutrition during the breeding season.
Prevention of Predators
Peacocks are vulnerable to predators, such as dogs, foxes, and raccoons. Farmers should take measures to protect their birds from such predators, such as installing sturdy fencing, using guard animals, or keeping the birds in an enclosed area.
Monitoring and Observation
Farmers should monitor and observe their birds regularly to ensure their well-being and productivity. This includes observing their behavior, checking for signs of illness or injury, and ensuring that they are receiving adequate nutrition and care.
Marketing Peacock Products
Peacock farming is well-spread throughout the world and it is considered as a very lucrative business. Most of the peacock farmer raise them for the purpose of producing their colorful feathers, and also for selling live birds to the fanciers.
Peacock feathers have a huge demand around the world, especially in the European countries. As far as we have learned, in some places price of a single feather ranges between 1 to 5 euros.
Although the price depend on the size. Peacocks change their plumage once a year and you can get about 150 to 200 feathers from and adult bird every year.
So if you want to start commercial peacock farming business, consider about marketing your products first. Because, if you can’t market your products well, then your venture will not be profitable.
Interesting Facts About Peacock Farming
Peacock farming is a profitable and sustainable venture that has many benefits for small farmers. Whether you are looking to start a new business or expand your existing farm, peacock farming is a great choice that is both economically and environmentally sound. With the demand for peacock feathers and meat on the rise, now is the perfect time to consider investing in this exciting industry.
Peacock farming is a profitable venture
Peacock farming is a lucrative business that has grown in popularity over the years. Peacock feathers are in high demand in the fashion industry, and their meat is a delicacy in many parts of the world. Additionally, peacock farming requires very little space and is relatively low-maintenance, making it an ideal investment for small farmers.
Peacocks are hardy birds
Peacocks are incredibly hardy birds that can adapt to different environments and climates. They are able to survive extreme temperatures and harsh conditions, making them a resilient choice for farmers in many parts of the world.
Peacock feathers are in high demand
Peacock feathers have been used in the fashion industry for centuries. They are used in a variety of products, including clothing, hats, and accessories. The demand for peacock feathers has only increased in recent years, as more and more people are looking for sustainable and eco-friendly products.
Peacock meat is a delicacy
Peacock meat is considered a delicacy in many parts of the world, particularly in Asia and the Middle East. It is a lean, flavorful meat that is high in protein and low in fat. Peacock meat is also considered to have medicinal properties in some cultures, and is used to treat a variety of ailments.
Peacocks are easy to care for
Peacocks are relatively easy to care for, making them an ideal choice for small farmers. They require very little space and can be fed a variety of foods, including grains, vegetables, and insects. Additionally, they are resistant to many common poultry diseases, which makes them a low-maintenance choice for farmers.
Peacock farming is environmentally sustainable
Peacock farming is an environmentally sustainable practice that has many benefits for both the birds and the environment. Peacocks are able to forage for food, which reduces the need for costly feed. Additionally, their manure is an excellent fertilizer that can be used to enrich soil and improve crop yields.
These are the common steps and ways for starting and operating a successful peafowl farming business. Hope this guide has helped you! Good luck & may God bless you!
Frequently Asked Questions
People ask many questions about peacock farming. Here we are trying to list the most common questions about raising peacock, and trying to answer them. Hope you will find your answer. Don’t hesitate to ask us if you have more questions.
Is peacock farming profitable?
Yes, peacock farming is a very profitable business. For you have to ensure good marketing facilities before starting this business. If you can’t market your products well, then your production business will not be profitable. So, determine your marketing strategies first.
What are peacocks good for on a farm?
Peacocks will help you to control pest and insects from your farm.
How long does it take to grow a peacock?
Generally, peacock reach maturity at their 3 years of age.
How much do peacocks cost?
Depends on the variety, age, and also on your location. Average price of a peacock can vary from $35 to $275. Although, exact price can vary from place to place.
How much does a baby peacock cost?
Average price of a baby peacock is between $10 and $30.
How many times a year does a peacock lay eggs?
Depends on numerous factors. But for most peahens, they can lay and hatch 2 clutches a year.
What is the lifespan of a peacock?
Average lifespan of an Indian peacock is around or up to 15 years.
Are peacocks hard to maintain?
Yes, it is pretty hard to maintain peacocks. But maintaining will be much easier if you have big enclosures.
Do peacocks keep snakes away?
Yes, the peacocks will keep the snakes away. Peafowls will not let snakes live within their territory.
What is the best feed for peacocks?
Grains ad vegetables are good for feeding your peacocks.
What peacock will eat?
Peacocks are omnivores and will eat seeds, grains, berries, vegetables and fruits as well as insects, arthropods, small lizards, snakes, frogs and rodents.
In which month peacocks lay eggs?
In most cases, the peahens start laying eggs around mid April.
Are peacock eggs edible?
Yes, the peacock eggs are edible. But you should not use the eggs for eating. Instead use the eggs for hatching. Because, a peahen lay only a few eggs per year.
Do peacocks eat mice?
Yes, peacocks are omnivorous and eat almost everything whatever they find edible. They eat both plant matters and small animals such as millipedes, centipedes, termites, rats, mice, and frogs.
Can peacock eat snake?
Yes, peacocks can eat snakes.
What peacocks eat naturally?
Peacocks are omnivores, which means that they eat both plants and animals. In the wild, peafowl forage for plants, insects and small creatures which they can find on the ground.
Are peacocks aggressive?
Yes, the peacocks are known to be aggressive sometimes.
How many days will peacock eggs hatch?
It will take between 28 and 30 days to hatch peacock eggs.
What is a male peacock called?
A male peacock is called ‘peacock‘.
What is a female peacock called?
A female peacock is called ‘peahen‘.
What are peacock babies called?
The peacock babies are called ‘peachicks‘.
Do male peacocks sit on their eggs?
No, the male peacocks do not participate in the brooding or feeding the peachicks. The peahen sit on eggs for 28-30 days and do all the work of raising the peachicks.