The Northern shrimp is a species of caridean shrimp. It is also known as Coldwater prawn, Deepwater prawn, Deep-sea prawn, Pink shrimp, Crevette Nordique, Northern prawn and Great northern prawn.
It is mainly found in the cold parts of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. In the Pacific, it is found from Japan, through the Sea of Okhotsk, across the Bering Strait, and as far south in North America as Washington State. Read some more information about this species below.
Northern Shrimp Characteristics
The Northern shrimp are of pink color. They are hermaphroditic. They start out male, but their testicles turn to ovaries and they complete their lives as females after 1 or two years.
The males on average reach a length of 120 mm at maturity. While the females are pretty larger and can reach about 165 mm body length. Photo and info from Wikipedia.
This is mainly used for food. But it is also used for obtaining shrimp alkaline phosphatase (SAP), which is an enzyme used in molecular biology.
The Northern shrimp is one of the most important carideans of the North Atlantic. It is an important food resource, and has been widely fished since the early 1900s in Norway.
It is sold peeled, cooked and frozen in bags in supermarkets in Canada. These shrimp have a short life, which contributes to a variable stock on a yearly basis.
Although the species is not considered overfished due to a large amount reported and a large amount harvested.
Currently the countries with largest catches are Canada and Greenland. The annual harvest limit is set to 164,000 tonnes in Canada.
The Northern shrimp generally live at 20-1330 meter water depths. They prefer to live on soft muddy bottoms, with a temperature of 0–8 °C. Their average lifespan is about 8 years. However, review full breed profile of this shrimp in the table below.
|Binomial Name||Pandalus borealis|
|Other Names||Also known as Coldwater prawn, Deepwater prawn, Deep-sea prawn, Pink shrimp, Crevette Nordique, Northern prawn and Great northern prawn.|
|Breed Purpose||Mainly food|
|Special Notes||One of the most important carideans in the North Atlantic, an important food resource, has been widely fished since the early 1900s in Norway, used mainly for food, sold cooked, peeled and frozen, countries with largest catches are Canada and Greenland, 8 years average lifespan|
|Climate Tolerance||Native climates|