Chinese Owl Pigeon: Characteristics & Best 23 Tips

The Chinese Owl pigeon is a breed of domestic fancy pigeon. It is not actually from China, and developed over many years of selective breeding. The breed was probably originated from Spain or India.

This breed and other varieties of domesticated pigeons, all are descendants from the wild or feral rock pigeon.

The name “owl” comes from the idea that the rounded head and short beak work to form a circle. It is also known as Whiskered Owl Pigeon, and the breed is well known for it’s small size and profuse frilled feathers.

However, today the Chinese Owl pigeon is available to breeders all over the world. Read some more information about this beautiful pigeon breed below.

Chinese Owl Pigeon Characteristics

The Chinese Owl pigeon is a small sized bird with very beautiful and uncommon appearance. It is an excellent show bird, mainly because of it’s fancy frilled feathers that are divided by a natural part on the breast.

The feathers below the part are pointed down, increasing the impression of frilly fullness. And the feathers above the part are pointed up, to create the impression of a high collar, like the one seen on Dracula’s cape.

The Chinese Owl pigeon is actually noted for it’s very short beaks and rounded heads. The breed appears in many colors.

And the common colors are black, blue/blue grey, barred, brown, ice, satinette blondinette, white, pied and white-black. Average body weight of the mature Chinese Owl pigeon is about 280 to 340 grams.


One of the most striking features of the Chinese Owl Pigeon is their distinctive crest. This crest is made up of feathers on the top of their head that form a circular “crown,” giving them a regal appearance.

The crest comes in a variety of colors, including white, black, brown, and gray, and can be solid or patterned.

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Another defining characteristic of the Chinese Owl Pigeon is their long and slender body. They have a slim neck and a small, tapered head.

Their eyes are dark and round, and their beak is short and straight. Their wings are broad and rounded, and when they fly, their tail feathers fan out to form a distinctive V-shape.

Behavior and Temperament

Chinese Owl Pigeons are known for their calm and docile temperament. They are not aggressive and are generally easy to handle, making them popular among bird enthusiasts. These birds are also intelligent and curious, often displaying a playful and inquisitive nature.

They are social creatures and can be kept in pairs or small groups. Chinese Owl Pigeons are not known for being particularly vocal, but they do make soft cooing sounds that can be soothing and pleasant to listen to.

Breeding and Reproduction

Breeding Chinese Owl Pigeons can be a challenging task, as these birds are relatively rare and require specialized care.

They are a slow-maturing breed, with young pigeons taking around six months to reach sexual maturity. Once mature, they will mate for life and usually lay two eggs per clutch.

Chinese Owl Pigeons are attentive parents and take excellent care of their young. They will incubate their eggs for around 18-19 days before hatching and feed their chicks with a special secretion called “pigeon milk” for the first ten days of their lives.

Diet and Nutrition

Chinese Owl Pigeons are primarily seed-eaters and will consume a variety of grains, including millet, wheat, and corn. They also enjoy green vegetables, such as spinach and lettuce, as well as fruits like apples and berries.

It is important to provide Chinese Owl Pigeons with a balanced diet that includes all the essential nutrients they need to stay healthy. This can be achieved through a combination of commercial pigeon feed and fresh foods.

Health Issues

Like all domesticated birds, Chinese Owl Pigeons are susceptible to certain health issues. One common problem is respiratory infections, which can be caused by poor ventilation or exposure to drafts.

To prevent these infections, it is important to keep their living environment clean and free from dust and debris.

Another potential health issue is parasites, such as mites and lice, which can cause feather loss and skin irritation. Regular grooming and cleaning of their living space can help prevent these problems.


The Chinese Owl pigeon is raised mainly as a show or exhibition bird. It is also good for ornamental purpose.

Special Notes

The Chinese Owl pigeon is a relatively calm bird with uncommon appearance. The males are somewhat territorial, so ensure sufficient space, feeders and waterers.

While the females have a good reputation for being gentle and interested in their keepers. Along with raising for exhibition purpose, the breed is also very good for raising as pets.

Average lifespan of these birds is between 7 and 10 years. However, review full breed profile of the Chinese Owl pigeon in the following chart.

Breed NameChinese Owl
Other NameAlso called Whiskered Owl Pigeon
Breed PurposeExhibition, ornamental, pets
Special NotesBeautiful birds, attractive and uncommon appearance, good for raising as pets, females are calm and the males are territorial, 7-10 years average lifespan
Breed ClassSmall
Weight280-340 grams
Climate ToleranceAll climates
Flying AbilityAverage
As PetsGood
ColorMany, common colors are black, blue/blue grey, barred, brown, ice, satinette blondinette, white, pied and white-black
Country/Place of OriginProbably Spain or India

Interesting Facts about Chinese Owl Pigeons

Chinese Owl Pigeons are a unique species of pigeons that are known for their distinctive features and characteristics. They are a domestic breed of pigeon that has been bred in China for hundreds of years.

Here are some of the best interesting facts about Chinese Owl Pigeons:


Chinese Owl Pigeons originated in China, where they have been bred for over 600 years. They were first bred as a decorative bird and later became popular among pigeon racing enthusiasts.

Physical Appearance

Chinese Owl Pigeons are known for their unique appearance. They have a round body with a short neck and a small head. Their most distinctive feature is their feathered feet, which resemble boots.


Chinese Owl Pigeons come in a variety of colors, including black, white, blue, silver, and red. Some birds also have multi-colored feathers.


Chinese Owl Pigeons are a medium-sized breed of pigeon, with an average length of around 28 centimeters.


On average, Chinese Owl Pigeons weigh between 400 and 500 grams.


Chinese Owl Pigeons are generally calm and friendly birds. They are easy to handle and make great pets.


Breeding Chinese Owl Pigeons requires careful selection of the parent birds. Breeders look for birds with desirable physical characteristics and temperament.


Chinese Owl Pigeons lay small, white eggs that measure around 26 millimeters in length.


The incubation period for Chinese Owl Pigeon eggs is around 17 to 18 days.


Chinese Owl Pigeons will often build their nests in high places, such as on top of buildings or trees.


Chinese Owl Pigeons feed on a variety of foods, including grains, seeds, and fruits.


Chinese Owl Pigeons have a lifespan of around 5 to 7 years.

Pigeon Racing

Chinese Owl Pigeons are popular among pigeon racing enthusiasts because of their speed and agility.

Health Issues

Chinese Owl Pigeons are generally healthy birds, but they are prone to certain health issues, such as respiratory infections and parasites.


Chinese Owl Pigeons are often exhibited in bird shows and competitions, where they are judged based on their physical appearance and behavior.


Chinese Owl Pigeons are popular not only in China but also in other countries, such as the United States, the United Kingdom, and Australia.

Symbols of Luck

In Chinese culture, pigeons, in general, are considered symbols of luck. Chinese Owl Pigeons, in particular, are believed to bring good fortune to their owners.

Traditional Medicine

In traditional Chinese medicine, pigeon eggs and meat are used for their healing properties.


In Chinese folklore, there is a story about a Chinese Owl Pigeon that helps a young boy find his way home.

Conservation Status

Chinese Owl Pigeons are not considered a threatened species and are classified as “Least Concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).


Chinese Owl Pigeons are often crossbred with other breeds of pigeons to create new varieties.

Unique Sounds

Chinese Owl Pigeons are known for their unique cooing sounds, which are different from other breeds of pigeons.

Artistic Inspiration

The unique appearance of Chinese Owl Pigeons has inspired many artists and designers, who have used their features in paintings, sculptures, and even fashion.

Best Tips for Raising Chinese Owl Pigeons

Raising Chinese Owl Pigeons is relatively easy and simple. These unique and distinctive birds are known for their feathered feet, round bodies, and calm temperament.

However, like any pet, there are certain considerations that need to be taken into account when raising Chinese Owl Pigeons. Here we are listing some of the best tips for raising Chinese Owl Pigeons.

1. Selecting Healthy Birds

When selecting Chinese Owl Pigeons, it is important to choose healthy birds. Look for birds with bright eyes, shiny feathers, and clean feet. Avoid birds that appear lethargic or have discharge from their nostrils or eyes.

2. Providing Adequate Space

Chinese Owl Pigeons require adequate space for exercise and flight. A spacious aviary or loft with plenty of room for perching and flying is ideal.

3. Providing Proper Nutrition

Chinese Owl Pigeons require a balanced diet that includes a variety of grains, seeds, fruits, and vegetables. It is important to provide them with fresh water, as well as grit and oyster shell for digestion.

4. Regular Feeding Schedule

Establish a regular feeding schedule for your Chinese Owl Pigeons. Consistent feeding times help regulate their metabolism and prevent overfeeding.

5. Clean Water

Provide clean water daily for your Chinese Owl Pigeons. Change the water frequently to prevent bacteria growth.

6. Cleaning the Aviary

Maintain a clean environment for your Chinese Owl Pigeons by cleaning the aviary regularly. Remove droppings and debris, and disinfect the area with a non-toxic cleaner.

7. Providing Nesting Material

Offer nesting material such as straw, hay, or shredded paper for your Chinese Owl Pigeons to build their nests.

8. Monitoring Breeding

Monitor breeding activity closely, and separate males and females if necessary to avoid overbreeding.

9. Incubation

Provide a separate nesting box for incubation and maintain proper temperature and humidity levels.

10. Hatching

Once hatched, provide ample food and water for the newly born Chinese Owl Pigeons. Monitor their health closely and seek veterinary care if necessary.

11. Socialization

Socialize your Chinese Owl Pigeons by spending time with them and offering treats. This helps build trust and prevent aggression.

12. Training

Train your Chinese Owl Pigeons to respond to signals or commands for easier handling and care.

13. Exercise

Allow your Chinese Owl Pigeons to exercise regularly by providing perches and toys in their aviary.

14. Providing Shade

Offer shade or shelter from direct sunlight to prevent overheating during hot weather.

15. Parasite Control

Control parasites such as mites and lice by using non-toxic treatments or consulting with a veterinarian.

16. Protecting from Predators

Protect your Chinese Owl Pigeons from predators such as cats or birds of prey by securing their aviary or loft.

17. Preventing Diseases

Prevent the spread of diseases by maintaining good hygiene practices, such as regular cleaning and disinfection.

18. Genetic Diversity

Maintain genetic diversity in your Chinese Owl Pigeon flock by introducing new birds from different bloodlines.

19. Avoid Overcrowding

Avoid overcrowding in your Chinese Owl Pigeon aviary or loft to prevent stress and disease transmission.

20. Health Checks

Perform regular health checks on your Chinese Owl Pigeons to detect any signs of illness or disease early.

21. Providing Proper Lighting

Provide adequate lighting for your Chinese Owl Pigeons to regulate their sleep cycles and promote healthy development.

22. Climate Control

Maintain appropriate temperature and humidity levels in your Chinese Owl Pigeon aviary or loft for optimal health and comfort.

23. Seeking Veterinary Care

Seek veterinary care if your Chinese Owl Pigeons show signs of illness or injury, such as lethargy, loss of appetite, or unusual behavior.

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