Indian Mackerel Fish Characteristics, Diet, Breeding

The Indian Mackerel fish is a species of mackerel which is mainly found in the Indian and West Pacific oceans, and their surrounding seas.

It is very important as food fish, and is commonly used in South and South-East Asian cuisine. It is also known by many other different names such as Kembung, Bangda, Aiyla, Aiyla Meen, Bangude etc.

Currently the Indian Mackerel fish is widespread in the Indo-West Pacific from South Africa, Seychelles and Red Sea east through Indonesia and off northern Australia to Melanesia, Micronesia, Samoa, China and the Ryukyu Islands.

And the fish is also found in the Mediterranean Sea. It has entered to the eastern Mediterranean Sea through the Suez Canal. However, read some more information about this fish species below.

Indian Mackerel Fish Characteristics

The Indian Mackerel fish has moderately deep body. The head is longer than the body depth. The maxilla are partly concealed, covered by the lacrimal bone (but extend till around the hind margin of the eye).

They have thin dark longtitudinal bands on the upper part of their body, which may be golden on fresh specimens. And there is also a black spot on the body near the lower margin of the pectoral fin.

Their caudal and pectoral fins are yellowish, and the dorsal fins are yellowish with black tips. And the remaining fins of the Indian Mackerel fish are dusky.

Average body length of the Indian Mackerel fish is around 25 cm. But they can reach a maximum of 35 cm total body length. Photo and info from Wikipedia.

Kembung, Bangda, Aiyla, Aiyla Meen, Bangude, indian mackerel fish, about indian mackerel fish, indian mackerel fish appearance, indian mackerel fish breeding, indian mackerel fish care, indian mackerel fish color, indian mackerel fish characteristics, indian mackerel fish eggs, indian mackerel fish facts, indian mackerel fish history, indian mackerel fish info, indian mackerel fish images, indian mackerel fish origin, indian mackerel fish photos, indian mackerel fish pictures, indian mackerel fish rarity, indian mackerel fish size, indian mackerel fish uses, indian mackerel fish varieties, indian mackerel fish weight

The juveniles feed on phytoplankton and small zooplankton such as larval polychaetes, ostracods, cladocerans etc.

But the mature fish generally feed on macroplankton including the larvae of fish and shrimp.


Spawning season of the Indian Mackerel fish is between March and September in the northern hemisphere. But it is between September and the following March around Seychelles in the southern hemisphere.

Spawning of these fish generally occurs in batches. The females lay eggs, and the eggs are fertilized externally. The egg are left to develop on their own, and the eggs are not guarded by the males or females.


The Indian Mackerel fish is mainly used for food.

Special Notes

The Indian Mackerel fish are generally found in the shallow, coastal waters, where the surface water temperature is at least 17 °C.

The mature fish are generally found in the coastal bays, harbours and in the deep lagoons. They are also generally found in the turbid waters rich in plankton.

It is also widely found in Karnataka costal belt, and is a very popular food fish in Kudla. Currently the fish is used mainly for food.

It is marketed fresh, frozen, canned, dried-salted and also made into fish sauce. However, review full breed profile of this fish in the table below.

NameIndian Mackerel
SpeciesR. kanagurta
Binomial NameRastrelliger kanagurta
Other NamesAlso known as Kembung, Bangda, Aiyla, Aiyla Meen, Bangude etc.
Breed PurposeMainly food
Special NotesCommercially important fish species, mainly used for food, marketed fresh, frozen, canned, dried-salted and also made into fish sauce
Breeding MethodNatural
Climate ToleranceNative climates
Body ColorNarrow dark longitudinal bands on upper part of body and a black spot on body near lower margin of pectoral fin; dorsal fins yellowish with black tips, caudal and pectoral fins yellowish; other fins dusky

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top