Nile Tilapia Fish Characteristics, Feeding, Breeding

The Nile Tilapia fish is a species of Tilapia fish. It is known by some other names, and commercially known as Boulti, Nilotica and Mango fish.

It is a cichild fish and is naive to Israel, Africa from Egypt south to east and Central Africa, and as far as Gambia. It has also introduced outside it’s native range, and today it is available throughout the world.

The Nile Tilapia fish is a very old fish species. Culture of this fish can be traced to ancient Egyptian times as depicted on bas-relief from an Egyptian tomb dating back over 4000 years.

This fish has widely introduced for aquaculture, with numerous existing strains. Read some more information about this fish species below.

Nile Tilapia Fish Characteristics

The Nile Tilapia fish has a compressed body. It has distinctive, regular, vertical stripes extending as far down the body as the bottom edge of the caudal fin, with variable coloration.

Adult fish can reach up to 60 cm body length and up to 4.3 kg body weight. But in commercial production, they are generally grown 400-500 grams. Photo and info from Wikipedia.

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The Nile Tilapia fish are omnivore, and they feed on both plankton and aquatic plants. They generally eat during the daytime hours, and they exhibit a behavioral response to light as a main factor contributing to feeding activity.

Both males and females generally eat almost same amount of foods, but the males are tend to grow faster. The males tend o grow larger due to a high efficiency of converting food to energy.


The Nile Tilapia fish reproduces through mass spawning of a brood within a nest made by the males. In such an arrangement, territoriality amongst the males lead to large variations in reproductive success for individuals among a group.

Depending on temperature, these fish reach maturity at their 3 to 6 months of age. Breeding occurs only when temperatures are over 20 °C.

The females generally incubate eggs approximately for a week inside their mouths.

Inside the mouth of the female fish, the larvae batch and stay until the vitellus is reabsorved. The females can carry up to 200 eggs inside their mouth.


The Nile Tilapia fish is used and cultivated mainly for food.

Special Notes

The Nile Tilapia fish is a very fast-growing fish species. It is economically a very important fish species and cultivated in many countries throughout the world.

These fish can generally live for up to 9 years. They can tolerate brakish water and survives temperatures between 8 and 42 °C. It is a very tasty fish and has a great demand in the market.

Today it is raised mainly for food. But in recent research done in Kenya, this fish has been shown to feed on mosquito larvae, making it a possible tool in the fight against malaria in Africa. However, review full breed profile of the Nile Tilapia fish in the chart below.

NameNile Tilapia
SpeciesO. niloticus
Binomial NameOreochromis niloticus
Other NamesBoulti, nilotica, mango fish
Breed PurposeMainly food
Special NotesA very fast-growing fish species, commercially very important fish species, cultivated in many countries throughout the world, up to 9 years lifespan, can tolerate brakish water, survive temperatures between 8 and 42 °C, very tasty, has a great demand in the market, used mainly for food
Breeding MethodNatural and artificial
WeightUsually grow 400-500 grams in commercial farms, but can grow up to 4.3 kg
Water TypeBrakish water
Climate ToleranceAlmost all climates
Body ColorBody color can vary

1 thought on “Nile Tilapia Fish Characteristics, Feeding, Breeding”

  1. Thanksgiving for your better fish skills you provide, I real appreciate it and I requisite you to continue be you’re student.

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